RESOLUTION EVC 111

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: United States of America

CO-SUBMITTERS:Dominican Republic, Gabon, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, United Rep., Kuwait, Guatemala, Jamaica, Republic of Korea, WHO (Health), Lebanon, Cameroon, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Turkmenistan, Libya.

STATUSPassed

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

 

Bearing in mind that flora and fauna of an ecosystem in the wild can generate not only economical, social, cultural and recreational benefits but also ecological, educational and cultural benefits/ values,

 

Worried that 400 animal species were extinguished last decade, 2700 species are endangered and another 12 500 are threatened while 1,350 square meters of forest are destroyed each second in the Amazon forest,

 

Expressing deep concern by the ocean pollution that cannot be evaluated but that represents approximately one thousand billions animals (and that produces 70% of the earth’s oxygen),

 

Taking into consideration the different economic, environmental, and geographical situations of nations around the world, and that these differences can affect a countries stance on a topic,

 

Noting the presence of indigenous groups living in wild natural areas who may object to the creation of protected areas,

 

Recalling the General Assembly Resolution 71/326 of 15 July 2015, in which the Assembly supported the combat of the illicit trafficking in wildlife issue,

 

Drawing attention to the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare (UDAW) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Universal Declaration of Animal Rights of 15 October 1978,

 

Recognizing the 25-member United Nations Group of Friends on Poaching and Illicit Wildlife Trafficking, established in New York City, USA, December 2013,

 

Aware of the possible struggles in implementing this resolution due to COVID-19,

 

  1. Encourages nations to prioritize sustainable tourism to fund and bring awareness to their protection as well as the promotion of ecotourism to secure economic prosperity in the countries hosting Wildlife Natural Areas (WNAs) whilst protecting the environment through:
    1. government-led programs provided by conservational areas such as:
      1. birdwatching
      2. organized bicycle tours
      3. hiking trips with specialized experts educating participants about the biodiversity in WNAs
    2. creating more national parks, natural features, and monuments where sustainable tourism is used to generate profits for the preservation and maintenance of these areas through:
      1. funding government-overseen research teams to thoroughly analyze the ecosystems to determine further steps needed to allow for them to function autonomously in the future,
      2. constructing tourism infrastructure to ensure continuous profits are made which can be used to further safeguard and manage these areas,
      3. ensuring all wildlife is properly protected from external threats such as poachers, by instituting government-supervised security measures
    3. establishing a commission named World Commission on Wildlife Tourism (WCWT) under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in collaboration with the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) to focus on sustainable tourism in wild natural areas which will:
      1. be composed of environmental sciences, zoology, ecology, and sustainability professionals selected by the IUCN and UNWTO,
      2. prepare guidelines for allowing tourism within the wild natural areas that will be implemented by the governments
      3. send officials to ensure that the WNAs are adhering to the aforementioned guidelines
      4. keep statistical information regarding the welfare of the wildlife to be able to intervene by reevaluating and revising the previously created guidelines and adding new country-specific regulations in collaboration with the country’s government
      5. hold meetings to discuss further steps needed to ensure the sustainability of these protected areas;
  2. Calls upon all Member States to carry out monitoring assessments of national biodiversity, specifically in the aforementioned WNAs, through collecting data over 5-year time period tracking indicators such as but not limited to:
    1. the growth or decline of wild natural areas, and numbers and distributions of species, through observations recorded by means appropriate to the task, indicatively:
      1. citizen scientists
      2. qualified individuals or teams with UN or governmental warrants
    2. other factors specific to the environment in question, such as but not limited to:
      1. soil salinity, moisture, vegetation distribution, sand dune migration when concerning arid environments
      2. the condition of permafrost, the presence of toxins or industrial waste, and soil nutrients levels in cold environments
      3. oxygen levels in the water, presence of fertilizers or pollutants, levels of noise pollution, and the presence of ships or vehicles in aquatic environments;
  3. Invites Member States to optimize the mental and physical health benefits of recreationally used WNAs, through integrating;
    1. non-invasive, pathed running and walking routes and suitable playgrounds for children
    2. seating or viewpoints overlooking natural landscapes;
  4. Calls upon the establishment of the Green List Awards which will be given to countries that not only have protected areas that are up to the standards set by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) but also find innovative solutions for the conservation of wildlife, and will be:
    1. given to recipients who will be determined after the evaluation of the solution submissions from each country by considering their feasibility, effectiveness, creativity, and sustainability according to the IUCN Green List Standard by a committee composed of experts sent from the:
      1. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
      2. World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA)
      3. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
      4. IUCN
    2. given annually during the UN Summit on Biodiversity;
  5. Strongly encourages all Member States to support and protect indigenous people and forest-dependent individuals inhabited in WNAs through methods such as but not limited to:
    1. ensuring that strict penalties will be enforced to illegal loggers, miners and companies that violate the national laws concerning the rights of indigenous people, with said penalties being high monetary funds or entry ban for former lawbreakers
    2. establishing an early-warning mechanism, checked by sustainable development specialists, to protect and preserve territorial integrity and to survey individual situations to deduce the relative sustainability of communities, using means such as but not limited to:
      1. supervision of boarders through satellites
      2. monitoring and protecting forest-dependent tribes by forest rangers
      3. managing voluntary donations from regional and international organizations, Governments and institutions to cover the needs of indigenous people and compensate potential damages, such as but not limited to:
        1. Native American Rights Fund (NARF)
        2. Native Wellness Institute
        3. Healing Foundation
        4. The Indigenous Literacy Foundation
        5. The Northern Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency (NAAJA)
        6. ANTaR ;
  6. Authorizes the implementation of rules and regulations as stated in the Universal Declaration of Animal Welfare (UDAW) in conservation areas concerning animal welfare through:
    1. Being proctored and regulated by governmental organizations by:
    2. laws setting limits (regarding the seasons allowed to hunt, the species allowed, the acceptable quantity of hunted animals) which should be enforced
    3.  that will aim for the protection of all living organisms and our environment’s sustainable development;
  7. Suggests all Member States implement regulations specific to the respective environment, and devised by the state’s ministry of environment, on public use of WNAs, to preserve the economic and recreational value of this industry through promoting its sustainability, in ways such as:
    1. relevant discouragement of the entrance to particularly vulnerable areas, the use of highly polluting transport, or other disruptive behaviors, including:
      1. littering
      2. noise pollution
    2.  replantation of plants native to the land in areas where trees have been cut down or destroyed, or places where more trees are needed for wildlife conservation
  8. Advises nations to look towards the privatization of the management of lands, specifically for protected areas, especially in the case of Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) with the goal of boosting the economy whilst ensuring the protection of the environment, it is important that the company would utilize this for the purpose of protecting natural areas, to prevent deception from these companies, the guidelines include, but are not limited to:
    1. ensuring the company has a long term feasible  environmentally sustainable plan for the area of land and having regular government check-ins with the company or business to ensure these plans are upheld
    2. encouraging countries to pass laws that would control hunting in their areas through actions such as but not limited to:
      1. distinguishing hunting hotspots and transform them into protected areas where people are only able to hunt with a license during specific times of the year which would be specified by experts in the field
      2. including a licensing system for their citizens which would allow them to take part in hunting only after a thorough background check and an educational course making them aware of the implications of hunting on the environment
      3. charging a sum for the attainment of this license to further limit the percentage of the population holding it
      4. introducing fines for those who disobey these laws and ensure their effectiveness through ways such as but not limited to progressive percentage fines which would increase with every violation of the law;
  9. Urges all member nations to educate younger generations in academic environments as to increase the awareness of importance of wildlife and how to combat threats towards wildlife through the means of, but not limited to:
    1. holding annual seminars in institutes such as, but not limited to:
      1. schools
      2. universities
    2. holding public seminars open to anyone from the public hosted in public buildings such as:
      1. public libraries
      2. public venues
      3. incorporating into education plans the awareness of wildlife.