RESOLUTION DISC 111

FORUM: DISARMAMENT & INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Government digital surveillance of the population

SUBMITTED BY: Paraguay

CO-SUBMITTERS:Mozambique, Denmark, Namibia, Republic of Korea, Spain, Montenegro, Chad, China, Palestinian Authority, Singapore.

STATUSRejected

THE DISARMAMENT AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE,

 

Believes that no state may conduct cyber-surveillance outside of their jurisdiction without the authorisation of the governing body, in accordance with article 2, point 7 of the UN Charter which states “Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter…”,

 

Draws attention to past and current actions of the countries most popular for conducting governmental surveillance on their population and condones any and all actions committed by these governments, in the topic of governmental population surveillance, and urges for other countries to acknowledge the significance of the issue at hand and to, also, call these countries out in the committee so that the issue can be dealt with more effectively and safely, 

 

Is alarmed by the recent developments concerning data storage policies of multinational social media corporations,

 

Welcomes the outcome of the conference on the problem of ensuring the privacy and security of the citizens living under the pressure of the issue at hand,

 

Relies on governmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to work parallel with the Committee so that the issue can be dealt with quicker,

 

Welcomes solutions that are to be found with an open mind to achieve more productive results from the conference, 


Defines a Less Economically Developed Country (LEDC) as a country with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of under $90 billion and as one that solely depends on agricultural farming and governmental services,

 

  1. Calls for the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) to produce the United Nations Guide to Digital Rights which would be entirely funded by the UNHCR and be:
    1. made available to as large a population as possible through translation, advertising, visual adaptations, and any other methods necessary
    2. distributed by Member States, NGOs, and any other willing groups on the conditions that proportional financial compensation and incentive is provided to said distributor and distribution is as equitable as possible
    3. regularly updated to include any technological developments which might impact the digital rights any citizen;
  2. Urges the United Nations Department of Safety and Security (UNDSS) to create a public educational website which will:
    1. educate citizens of growing digital capabilities in their rights as users of the technology,
    2. educate citizens in the dangers of phishing, viruses and hackers and how to defend themselves against digital attacks,
    3. advise citizens in changing digital rules and regulations by:
      1. publishing revised and more basic versions of regulations
      2. translating regulations to any language that are to be implemented worldwide by dominant technological advanced nations
    4. include a regularly updated system to track and manage any and all public information regarding any government surveillance which would:
      1. monitor and display any information regarding incidents of government surveillance
      2. in no way mandate the participation of any Member State
      3. publish any confirmed information provided to the UNDSS;
  3. Strongly urges that the past events of public instances of surveillance be re-examined and that the events be taken advantage of by the United Nations (UN) to spread knowledge against government surveillance and to inspire activists around the world to take action by employing the help of NGOs such as Privacy International and making sure that government surveillance is a widely understood issue by:
    1. planning  public campaigns with the help of previously mentioned NGOs
    2. making the issue a subject of major public concern so that the news outlets are more likely to review the past events again
    3. encouraging the issue to be a subject in high-school grade education, so that the youth is better informed about the issue
    4. by having unaffiliated, online conferences:
      1. in which past actions concerning the topic of government surveillance will be examined and talked about with a host who doesn’t affiliate to any country for the time of the event
      2. in which will be explained what kind of risk surveillance of the population by the government possesses and their thoughts on the topic in general
      3. that will be recorded and distributed to news sources that are willing to air/cast the event so that global understanding increases on the issue;
  4. Encourages the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs hold annual meetings, in which the topic of surveillance will be debated thoroughly with the requirement of:
    1. every country submitting/sharing their yearly report including the result of their concluded operations and how cyber monitoring helped, and excluding topics and operational results that will risk national security
    2. having the countries that employ digital monitoring the most:
      1. share their experiences in how they conducted their monitoring without violating the privacy of their citizens
      2. show how non-intrusive cyber monitoring can be achieved successfully in terms of counter-terrorism;
  5. Strongly suggests that the UN further support NGOs such as Privacy International that are trying to fight government surveillance by:
    1. allowing members of these NGOs speeches in UN-affiliated conferences that concern the issue of government surveillance, surveillance or national security
    2. helping these NGOs gain popularity and global acknowledgment by:
      1. supporting them in their public campaigns
      2. by publishing the NGO’s achievements in UN News and any other UN-affiliated newscasts/websites;
  6. Invites all Member States to come to a conclusive agreement and determine what will and won’t be validated as a possible breach of national security and what might and might not risk national security for their own country:
    1. following the already established guidelines provided by the 39th United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) annual report, taking into consideration the suggestions of each country’s intelligence agency
    2. so that further complications can be avoided in the annual meetings mentioned in clause 3, and the risk of a national security breach will be nullified;
  7. Calls for the United Nations General Assembly to create a Group of Governmental Experts (GGE), nominated by the UNGA, with the purpose of advising the UNGA over which social media and messaging platforms are the most secure and encrypted with the goals of promoting the safest platforms to the public.