RESOLUTION EVC 211

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Discussing the increasing call for energy system transitions in the mitigation of climate change

SUBMITTED BY: Burundi

CO-SUBMITTERS:New Zealand, Iceland, Spain, Argentina, Turkmenistan, Bangladesh, Cyprus, Latvia, Botswana, Uganda.

STATUSApproved

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

Deeply concerned by the fact that global temperature is predicted to rise by 3 degrees Celsius if no action is taken,

Observing the current destructive effects of climate change such as the rapid rise of temperatures in 2020, the unpredictable rise in the sea levels, the alarming increase in the level of sea acidity,

Reaffirming UN Resolution of “Protection of Global Climate for Present and Future Generations of Humankind, 19 December 2019”, “European Parliament resolution on 2018 UN Climate Change Conference in Katowice, Poland”, “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 21 October 2015”, “UNESCO and Global Action on Climate Change, October 2009,”

Taking note of the previous attempts made on the issue of climate change and the fact that further attempts must be made to achieve a sustainable plan,

Deeply concerned by the fact that 4.9 million litres of petroleum are spilled into oceans yearly,

Bearing in mind that 3.5 billion to 7 billion trees are cut down worldwide per year,

Acknowledging the immediate danger that climate change poses to the entire world,

Realizing that if action is not taken immediately that the results will be catastrophic,

Recognizing that in order to combat climate change in an effective manner global initiation from all nations is essential,

Taking into account that the cost of renewable energy is greater than the cost of fossil fuels, however recognizes that it is worth it long-term;

Confident that climate change can be reversed if all member states do their part,

Aware of the reduction of emissions in many member states resulting from COVID-19 implications,

  1. Calls upon all member states to raise awareness on the issue of climate change by means of:
    1. integration into middle and high school education curricula for a more sustainable path to combat this problem by assigning experts to organize conferences for the education of the teachers on the regarding matter, as well as by adding certain topics to the curricula such as:
      1. the science of climate change, which explains the basic components of the climate ecosystem, touches upon the underlying elements of climate change and presents the effects of climate change on today’s world
      2. climate change and the society, which describes the social consequences of climate change, mentions the observed effects on the nations at risk and demonstrates the potential consequences if necessary actions don’t get implemented
      3. response to climate change, which focuses on mitigation plans and what actions are being taken, includes the discussions made on possible strategies to adapt and describes the significance of education and social awareness in combating climate change
    2. brochures, billboards, newspapers, magazines, television, social media and radio broadcasting which will demonstrate the serious consequences of climate change and propose actions to take individually
    3. internet web-sites especially designed to give information about the ongoing efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change
    4. experts from relevant NGOs to assemble small conferences and meetings to people who are not able to access the internet resources and create a committee for monitoring the misinformation in the promotion for social awareness;
  2. Further calls upon all member states which have not signed the following agreements to reconsider their decisions and recognize them or follow certain parts of the agreements such as but not limited to:
    1. the Paris Agreement in which the nations agreed to:
      1. try to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius for the mitigation of global warming
      2. aim to achieve the global peaking as soon as possible, while also recognizing that it will be a longer process for the Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs)
      3. reaffirm the necessary actions that the developed countries must take to support the LEDCs to form a clean and climate-resilient future
    2. the Kyoto Protocol which focuses on:
      1. the reduction of the emissions of six main greenhouse gases which are carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulfur hexafluoride
      2. creating a plan to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of 37 developed countries
      3. a “carbon credit system” in which nations could earn credits by taking place in a cooperation to reduce emissions;
  3. Asks ​all member states to establish an international committee called “International Standard Determination Committee for the Mitigation of Climate Change’s Effects” (ISDC) to standardize certain issues such as but not limited to the standardization of:
    1. filtration of the factory gases with establishing a standard called “The Factory Gas Filtration Standards” (FGFS)
    2. definitions such as but not limited to:
      1. “energy efficient”
      2. “countries with high emission rates”
      3. “environmentally friendly”, in accordance with the areas like automotive emissions, energy production, etc.;
  4. Invites all member states to consider allocating necessary budget to loan home and businesses for energy system transitions in which
    1. citizens repay over time through property taxation and the governments would consider giving tax breaks for the reduction of liabilities,
    2. interest policies would be determined according to the type of the economy, meaning that:
      1. More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) would loan with low-interest,
      2. Newly Industrialised Countries (NICs) and LEDCs would have the freedom of determining the loan interest rate without discouraging the public from using the loan opportunity;
  5. Emphasizes the existential significance of combating climate change by calling for energy system transitions, with special attention to:
    1. providing new regulations to ensure the safe usage of certain energy systems used for high efficiency, such as nuclear energy, which will be determined by the ISDC
    2. creating a mass mobilization globally to combat climate change, including the involvement of NGOs, local governments, and businesses;
  6. Requests member states to mitigate climate responses through energy system transitions, where measures should be taken on a local to regional and national/global basis to work on, including measures such as but not limited to:
    1. community based adaptation(CbA) to increase adaptation, and adapt the working of efficient ways on capturing CO2 and decrease the effects of CO2, such as using:
      1. well managed climate infrastructures
      2. storage reservoirs
    2. alternative methods of energy such as nuclear power while also noting to:
      1. provide new regulations to ensure the safety of nuclear plants, through the decision of each country’s public authorities
      2. focus on implementing nuclear plants for sustainable transition where countries may work with public guarantees indemnifying areas of the upfront investment costs of recently envisaged nuclear capacity
      3. ensure proper disposal of nuclear waste through national regulations
    3. technological advancements such as the commercial utilization of solar photovoltaics (PV) in regions with low solar insolation, such as northwestern Europe, may contribute significantly as an alternative solution to produced renewable energy
    4. incentives to encourage developers with various methods such as but not limited to:
      1. governmental grants to financially support the development of eco-friendly technologies, motivate developers and attract new developers
      2. innovation competitions and fairs for developers to share their businesses and technologies
      3. startup accelerator programs to support the eco-developers with seed investments made into the businesses, intense mentoring and training periods for swift performance, the organization of a demo day for sharing and seminars for the purpose of education;
  7. Further requests funding in sustainable jobs and businesses that help drive economic growth while reducing climate impact, which include investing in:
    1. infrastructure, that ranges from renewable energy assets to health and social care, and digital economy
    2. energy efficient buildings certified by relevant environmental agencies that reduce the need for cooling and heating
    3. nature for ecosystem resilience and regeneration including restoration of carbon-rich habitats and climate-friendly agriculture
    4. research and development to assist rural economies in embracing sustainable agriculture, ecosystem regeneration, or accelerating renewable energy.