RESOLUTION PC - 221

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to better regulate the use of personal data and artificial intelligence

SUBMITTED BY: Oman

CO-SUBMITTERS:Benin, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Paraguay, Turkmenistan, Venezuela, Viet nam, Ethiopia, Switzerland, Czech Republic.

STATUSPassed

FORUM: Political Committee 

QUESTION OF: Measures to better regulate the use of personal data and artificial intelligence

SUBMITTED BY: Oman

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,                                                   

Defends that the threat that comes from the potential abuse of personal data is most definitely valid and should be taken with the utmost seriousness,

Calls upon this committee to take action to expand and specify its definition of what constitutes a considerable threat when it comes to the misuse of such personal data,

Bearing in mind that all member states should be able to hold themselves and their peers responsible without hesitation in the pursuit of the protection of privacy for their citizens,

Recognizes the immense potential artificial intelligence holds for the future economic, technological and social development of all nations globally as a means to raise standards of living,

Defining Artificial Intelligence (AI) as the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings,

Noting that AI uses computers to try to mimic the human brain,

Further noting  AI has acted as the main driver of emerging technologies like big data, robotics and IoT, and it will continue to act as a technological innovator for the foreseeable future,

Recognizing that from January 2015 to January 2018, active AI startups increased 2.1x,

Emphasizing the 2013 Data access, ethics and protection guidance note set-up by the United Nations development group, with particular reference to the first, fourth and ninth principle

Recalling Article 44, 50 and 81 of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) set up by the European Union of 2018 in the hope that the members of the committee realize the importance of data privacy, transfer and protection

Guided by the ethical benefits of AI on Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDC’s), climate change, medical and technological development and data security while taking in account the role of The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in this ongoing topic,

  1. Encourages specificity and transparency with AI algorithms, if possible, due to the potential of vagueness and confusion leading to the creation of algorithms based on racially biased data it has the potential to be reflected in the AI, in order to prevent this nations must consider:
    1. checking the data used in order to prevent any racial bias 
    2. making sure that authorities do not use AI according to their prejudices such as:
      1. sexism
      2. racism 
      3. xenophobia 
      4. any religious bias
      5. Ideological bias;
  2. Further encourages a license be necessary to operate machinery that uses AI, where incorrect use might lead to harm towards people, as will be decided by the aforementioned government agencies,  the  qualities of which will be as follows:
    1. licenses will be provided upon completion of a tutorial and examination, the creation of which will be left upon the deployer, and approval of which, much like the license itself, lies on the governmental agencies 
    2. operation of this machinery without a license is to be treated by the government of each country as illegal, and be reprimanded accordingly
    3.  if a machine is sold by one user to the next, the license does not follow, and the new user needs to get a license themselves;
  3. Recommends that countries create legal measures to ensure transparency, but at the same time protect the rights of the developer through:
    1. ensuring that the algorithms used for the AI is protected through patent
    2. subpoenas from each nation individual court can override patents, even when the patent is established in a country different from the one where the trial is being held;
  4. Supports the cessation of the development of AI that would potentially lead to machines becoming a more accurate and precise version of humans, such as:
    1. machines that can accurately read or display emotions or pass the Turing test with a success rate of above 50% effect
    2. machines whose work could easily, accurately, and without danger, be performed by people
    3. machines that are capable of self improvement;
  5. Calls upon governments to educate and inform their respective populations on the importance of their online presence, the value of their personal data and how it might be used, both for their detriment and benefit and its potential implications by:
    1. holding conferences by the large AI producers on the potential malfunctions or how to treat the AI
    2. educating students on how AI can be useful for support of people, rather than the replacement of them,
  6. Approves that no AI machine should have complete power in a job or task, but at least minimal human supervision or intervention is needed to minimize possible mistakes, solve ethical repercussions and also prevent mass unemployment, by further:
    1. clearing accountability in jobs or tasks such as but not limited to:
      1. medical treatments and life-risking interventions
      2. operations involving users delicate personal data
    2. creating a more fair and transparent relation between machines and users by:
      1. having the possibility of a human direct speech to clarify any doubtful interaction 
      2. explaining the what, how and why in an easier way for users struggling to understand the AI machine
    3. educating society about AI and, which also prevents countries and citizens from:
        1. falling behind on AI machinery updates, endangering unemployment rates in the future
        2. limiting the country’s growth as a society;
  7. Calls upon all UNESCO to create a Data Protection Protocol similar to the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)’s seven principles for the lawful processing of personal data which would include:
    1. Lawfulness fairness and transparency which allows everything to be done in a transparent manner in relation to individuals,
    2. Purpose limitation, data is used only for the intended purpose Data minimisation, data is limited to what is necessary in relation to the proposes for which they are processed and companies have to justify the amount of data they collect,
    3. Accuracy; ensures that all data is accurate and is kept up to date,
    4. Storage limitation; permits data for not staying longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data is processed,
    5. Integrity and confidentiality (security), implement efficient anonymisation or pseudonymisation systems to protect the identity of your clients
    6. Accountability; protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organisational measures;
  8. Requests that member states increase research and funding into the key issues facing humanity in the creation of Artificial General/Super Intelligence, including, but not limited to, the ethical implications of AI and the ‘Stop-Button Problem’:
    1. Suggests that member states provide financial or employment incentives to ensure AI specialists, computer scientists and technology firms prioritize the safety of future technologies,
    2. Recommends that members widen the scope for specialists to pursue solutions to the ‘Stop-Button Problem’, including improving upon already existing ‘solution’ theories
    3. Urges member states to adopt or create ethical frameworks for the uses of AI, citing the Machine Intelligence Garage’s ‘Ethics Framework’ as an excellent example of such.