RESOLUTION PC - 332

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The situation in Lebanon

SUBMITTED BY: Poland

CO-SUBMITTERS:Cambodia, Colombia, DR Congo, Honduras, Ireland, Kuwait, Malta, Sierra Leone, United Kingdom, Sweden, Switzerland.

STATUSApproved

POLITICAL COMMITTEE,

 

Recognizing the current state of suffering of the people of Lebanon,

 

Committed to the universal, inalienable rights of citizens within Lebanon, defining the urgency for a necessary resolution that alleviates the plight of the Lebanese people,

 

Drawing attention to the impact of Covid-19 on the country of Lebanon, due to the lack of a stable government, Lebanon has been extremely vulnerable to the virus and it lacks the resources to provide sufficient medical care and the vaccination to its population,

 

Deploring the plight of refugees within the nation, remaining the country with the highest number of refugees per capita in the world,

 

Further recognizing the need for expansive external assistance within Lebanon,

 

Alarmed by the primary reasons for public outrage is the class and religion divide in Lebanon, with only 10% of the population gaining 57% of total income, 

 

Keeping in mind that public protests has increased after the spread of the COVID-19,

 

Drawing attention to foreign support against peaceful demonstrations and the casualties of civilians as a result,

 

Noting that without the implementation made in the political aspect of this issue, the social and economic aspects related to the topic cannot be improved upon,

  1. Encourages the organization of an online summit with the attendance of all the member states of the United Nations (UN) which will:
    1. be held in an online platform due to COVID-19 with the supervision of UN and United Nations Social and Economic Council (UNESCO) officers in order them to:
      1. elaborate on the annual report according to the latest progress within the conference
      2. inform the member states regarding the criticalness of the issue including statistics of the latest deaths related to homelessness, mental and psychological health, and poverty
    2. aim to urge the member states to tackle the basis of the issue by:
      1. evaluating the necessary steps to be taken for mental treatments in conflict areas the statistics of which will be demonstrated by the UNESCO officers 
      2. discussing relevant steps and measures in order to polarize the areas starting with the region with the most protests
      3. moderate the burden of countries supporting a large number of victims by decisions such as creating a joint budget with subsidizations in proportion with the member state’s economic and social state with the approval of the UN in order to support the government of Lebanon and its actions in relevant zones;
  2. Requests the creation of a non-governmental organization under the UN, called the Beirut Rebuilding and Support Office (BERSO), which will be responsible for the refurbishment of the constructions that were damaged and collapsed in the 2020 Beirut explosion, through the operations and supervisions the official United Nations (UN)-approved engineers and architects whose professional practice is based upon building up and designing social, religious, urban and  substructures and construction to: 
    1. rebuild the educational sites  such as schools and universities through taking necessary measures to minimize the spread of coronavirus which will:
      1. assist the children in such a crisis with the help of counseling, done by counselors gathered with the help of voluntary member states
      2. increase the time and improve the quality of education every child gets 
    2. guarantee the citizens that homes and shelters with bettered conditions  will be provided again  to the owners prior to the explosion as soon as the building’s construction is complete in order to decrease the number of homeless in the city while accelerating the construction of rehabilitation centers, therapies and counseling centers that are all compatible with coronavirus and are provided to any and all citizens who seek for psychological assistance to override the shock of the explosion or grief;
    3. initiate the reopening of the workplaces if coronavirus’ impact has subsided and if the companies sign a contract with the government indicating that:
      1. the workers prior to the explosion will be rehired with the minimum amount of change in their salaries as the company can afford
      2. if the company is on the edge of bankruptcy, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) may financially support the company, if they deem logical, into hiring employees as much as possible
    4. prioritize returning the port of Beirut to full operational capacity as the UN recognizes the importance of trade in order revitalize Lebanon’s import based economy
    5. preserve the religious sanctuaries of all predominantly exercised religions to;
      1.  put an emphasis on undiscriminating and not condemning the ideologies of all religions
      2. remain impartial upon the issue by granting such reconstructive opportunities to religious practices of any and all religions and sects present in the region
      3. verify and determine the sacred places of  all dominant religions in the region with the cooperation of The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to undergo meticulous restoration projects that ensure that the established religions are respecting the other religion’s ideologies
      4. ameliorate the holy perceptions in quest of alleviating the hostility and hatred among the nation caused by the distinctness of the adopted principles;
  3. Asks for the creation of campaigns in the Member States with the help of the UN, UNESCO, and related organizations to raise awareness internationally especially for the situation in Lebanon, countering it and the victims of it by:
    1. raising the aforementioned awareness in the topics of: 
      1. responsibilities they have towards ex-victims and victims who are trying to recover
      2. the hardships they face and faced before
      3. people who have no choice but to live a miserable life 
    2. using certain techniques of advertisement such as:
      1. putting up billboards in crowded zones and popular areas of the agreeing Member States
      2. public posts in which each state’s well-known celebrities take part in, voluntarily, to attract more people to support the cause
      3. pop-up adverts and links to certain informative sites on the matter in order to inform the public on the Internet, in order to reach a wider population
    3. organizing monthly conferences in certain convention centers which will be chosen by the UNESCO, in every Member State with the help of the UN and related NGOs, where:
      1. the conferences will have very small entrance fees, where this fee will be decided upon by the aforementioned organizations
      2. human rights officers, therapists, psychiatrists, and experts, who will be approved by the aforementioned organizations, will give informing speeches on the topic of raising support to Lebanon, through education to raise awareness and educate adults
    4. ensuring that:
      1. all of the expenses made for the succession of these campaigns and conferences are supplied by UNESCO in order to help to agree states with worse economic conditions participate and remain active on the issue
      2. the profit made from these campaigns and conferences will be directly given to the in order for the organization to improve its logistics and program;
  4. Further calls for a formal establishment that will deal with the consolidation and stabilization of children’s mental health and will primarily focus on children who have already witnessed  the combat caused by the conflict between Israeli and Syrian forces, military activities or any kind of social catastrophes in order to:
    1.  warrant social integration and psychological adjustment of children at risk by:
      1. organizing monthly online seminars hosting especially Lebanon schools and safe determined by the UN officials to inform every child how wars, futile yet disastrous protests end up creating mass atrocities in cooperation with UNESCO’s help to distribute the required technological devices 
      2. giving recreation time for those who had just identified to be exposed to police violence  or any military action in cooperation with UNICEF Transitory Care Center 
      3. teaching children who have been living in areas where violence was predominantly exercised by police, caretaker government, or protesters how to curb their anger, vengeance, and impulsiveness     
    2. override accumulated or post-trauma and decrease the risk of developing depression in adulthood by:
      1. urging a petition for the ignorance of children in chaotic regions
      2. encouraging society to establish online support groups to lecture about self-controlling and self-medicating ways for whom had lost a family member or a relative in the conflicted vicinities such as but not limited to protest and full-scale invasion areas
      3. by ensuring that children are building identities disassociated with conflicts in a safe and protected environment by aiding recovery programs to overcome fatal infections and mutilation occurring in areas where covid-19 possesses a high possibility of spreading around and where police forces deploy tear gas and rubber bullets:
    3. sustain interaction with peers and normalizing the school schedule through:
      1. increasing the weekly hours and capacities of extracurricular activities such as clubs held online 
      2. building areas for children to encourage them to spend more time outdoors, rather than indoors 
      3. adding a mandatory yearly project, which will be completed in groups of at least 5, to increase the off-school interaction time between children 
      4. including more group-work activities in online classes to improve the children’s collaboration skills
      5. providing each child with the opportunity of working one-to-one with educators provided by UNESCO to compensate for what they missed during obligatory education exemption caused by the civil war, covid pandemic, Beirut explosion as long as covid-19 measures are taken into account;
  5. Suggests that the United Nations Police to work gradually create safe zones in Lebanon, aiming at providing civilians basic needs such as shelter, clothing, sanitation, and food, by: 
    1. requesting the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to:
      1. claim a suitable territory as a forbidden flight zone which will be cleared of any weaponized group of Israeli and Syrian powers military forces 
      2. place military personnel throughout the designated borders in order to prevent any attempt of an Israeli or Syrian invasion which would drastically escalate fatalities and social tension of citizens of Lebanon   
      3. announce that the area is under UN protection 
      4. use anti-ballistic-missiles and such missiles as repellents  
      5. conduct patrol flights around the area 
      6. declare that any malign intention regarding this area will be severely punished 
    2. building accommodation places, in the means of providing citizens both physical and mental relief, in the aforementioned areas for civilians in which the centers will be: 
      1. employing medically suitable and willing citizens aged between 18 to 45 in order to give them job opportunities such as working at the construction site or contributing to the sustainability of the community through jobs such as but not limited to cooks, teachers, tailors
      2. funded and supervised by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
      3. established with the partake of volunteer doctors and therapists with the help of Doctors Without Borders
      4. getting the help of the World Health Organization (WHO), which will supply needs such as vaccinations, medicine, sanitary products, medical equipment 
    3. opening food banks in the area with the help of the World Food Programme (WFP) in order to:
      1. distribute food to the inhabitants of the safe zones
      2. provide citizens who were displaced from their homes due to the Beirut explosion with the primary nutrients their body needs 
      3. employ the aforementioned willing citizens under the supervision of OHCHR;
  6. Urges the formation of an organization called the Lebanon Civilian Protection Services (LCPS) in order to focus on improving the lives of Lebanese citizens within the country by sending humanitarian aid which will consist of food, clothing, and medical supplies to the people, which will be funded and under the constant surveillance of the UN, which will:
    1. send necessary aid to the Lebanese people along with the Lebanese civilians in the country by means of volunteers chosen by the UN which will be:
      1. under the observation of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
      2. trained by professionals who are chosen by the UN in order to provide the necessary aid to both the civilians and the refugees
    2. provide quality education to the people and help the civilians overcome the psychological issues and traumas that might have been caused due to being exposed to the conditions of warfare and poverty by:
      1. appointing teachers sent by willing member states who will be carefully chosen and vetted by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) with the help of a detailed background check
      2. aiding displaced citizens in the process of applying to schools in their respective regions, continuing from the grade that they were in when their education was impeded
      3. be achieved with the assistance of psychology experts who will be chosen by the World Health Organization (WHO)
      4. help the civilians return to their past lives and mental health adequately
      5. ease the process of reintegration for the affected Lebanese citizens.