RESOLUTION EVC 311

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Making renewable energy more accessible to Less Economically Developed Countries [LEDCs]

SUBMITTED BY: Greece

CO-SUBMITTERS:Turkmenistan, Dominican Republic, Iceland, Spain, Guatemala, United Arab Emirates, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, France, Denmark, Russian Federation.

STATUSPassed

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

 

Fully aware that according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) there are currently 46 recognized Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) in the world and that most of these lie in Western, Central and Eastern Africa, and with the exception of Haiti, all aforementioned LEDCs are in Africa, Asia or Oceania/Australasia, when making decisions upon LEDCs,

 

Observing that cars and other automobiles are one of the main consumers of oil,

 

Recognizing the dire consequences of climate change to the environment and to the people and that by transitioning to renewable energy sources we can reduce those negative effects,

 

Noting with regret that we have a long way before having all countries transition to renewable energy sources,

 

Recalling the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change which works towards addressing climate change, which was negotiated and signed by 154 states, 

 

Keeping in mind the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 by members of the United Nations (UN),

 

Taking note of the ratification of the Paris Agreement on climate change and mitigation which aims to lower the global average temperature, which around 194 countries have signed,

 

Noting with regret that 2.7 billion people around the globe lack access to clean and safe energy and around 80% of the world’s energy comes from fossil fuels,

 

Noting with deep concern that it is estimated that oil will run out in approximately 47 years and gas in 52 years while the temperature will rise up to 2 degrees Celsius by 2100 due to the rapidly increasing use of fossil fuels,

 

  1. Recommends the creation a biannual meeting called the United Nations Discussion on the Development of Renewable Energy in LEDCs (UNDDREL), comprised of representatives of all LEDC member nations, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Committee on Sustainable Energy of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) , the Committee on Energy of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), and similar committees from the United Nations Economic Commission, and the The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), along with the African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank and any other related UN organization that will:
    1. discuss, administer and finance all other clauses in this resolution unless explicitly said otherwise
    2. discuss deployment of specialized UN representatives to the regions to inspect all energy projects started within this resolution;
  2. Invites UNDDREL to mitigate damage caused to carbon based, developing economies by preserving aspects of profitable industries which are threatened by growing environmental awareness, allowing them to further invest into greener solutions, through means such as but not limited to:
    1. continuing to promote the economic activity in industrially dependent areas through the use of existing infrastructure (companies, factories, skilled workers, etc) to manufacture new ecological innovations, such as solar panels or e-cars
    2. encourage and aid, whether financially or otherwise, small oil tank stations to convert or at least incorporate energy stations for electric cars, to not only allow such stations to keep up with the modern market, but to further incentivize the purchase of electric cars, since recharging cars would not only be more accessible but is also cheaper than diesel engines
    3. establishing a committee of experts and relevant sub-bodies, affirmed by the UN, to develop a system for providing LEDCs with monetary compensation based on their achievements regarding renewable energy, to be determined by:
      1. the countries’ financial state
      2. the money and resources used to contribute to the move towards renewable energy
      3. the population and the land size;
  3. Asks that all More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) invest in LEDCs in order to:
    1. provide LEDCs with the needed resources in order to establish renewable energy sources
    2. train and employ experts that can evaluate the situation in each LEDC and elaborate a specific action plan
    3. prepare for any failures or inconsistencies when establishing renewable energy sources
    4. ease the transition and help the process along, seeing as it will not be an overnight change
    5. help them acquire infrastructure and technology to utilise their renewable energy sources
    6. offer scholarships to people from LEDCs in order to get the knowledge needed on renewable energy and then transfer it back to their country;
  4. Suggests to invest in projects that build community solar power energy grids such as SOLshare and Grameen Shakti, especially in large communities, school areas, and areas that are generally exposed to sunlight and encourage said projects and ones similar of its kind, specifically ones in MEDCs and Newly Industrialized Countries, to expand into LEDCs, as long as wind farms have enough wind, solar farms have enough sun etc.;
  5. Suggests the creation of a sub body under UNDDREL called the Renewable Energy Research Organisation (RERO), which will consist of a number of scientists with a specialty in “green” jobs, environmental science, geoscience, hydrology, atmospheric science and meteorology, biochemistry and biophysics that aims to find the best sources of renewable energy for each country that will bring the best results based on factors such as its climate and the availability of resources, along with working with the Ministry of Finance of certain LEDCs to analyze the financial ability they have to determine which renewable energy resources are within their estimated expenses and will not cause any substantial damage to their economy;