RESOLUTION YHC 321

FORUM: YOUTH & HEALTH COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The use and supervision of digital tools and platforms to respond to a health crisis

SUBMITTED BY: Poland

CO-SUBMITTERS:Malta, Namibia, Sudan, Bangladesh, Nicaragua, Jordan, Fiji, Netherlands, Sri Lanka, France, Finland, ILO (Labour), Ireland, Algeria, India, Palestinian Authority, Turkmenistan, Venezuela.

STATUSApproved

THE YOUTH AND & HEALTH COMMITTEE, 

Defining telemedicine as the practice of medicine to deliver care at a distance using telecommunications and infrastructure to deliver care to a patient at a distant site,

Aware that 59% of the world consists of active internet users,

Recognizing the benefit of using digital tools to respond to health crises, specifically pandemics and epidemics when the use of telemedicine is encouraged,

Concerned that the COVID-19 pandemic is responsible for over 2 million deaths globally,

Deeply disturbed by WHO’s findings that state that at least 50% of the world’s population remains is unable to access necessary health services and the number of households fall into poverty because of health debts,

Deeply concerned about the influences of the nation’s socio-cultural backgrounds on individuals’ access to digital healthcare services, 

  1. Asks the United Nations to research into efficiency and effectivity of methods 
    1. assisted by the WHO and UNESCO to:
      1. analyse countries and regions which are most in need of digital tools and keep this in a document
      2. look into the most cost effective and efficient ways these countries and implement digital tools
      3. oversee the use of any money received to ensure it is used adequately
    2. by sending computer specialists to the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to make sure that those countries know how to access and use digital tools and platforms to respond to a health crisis in order to check the spread of a disease;
  2. Advises nations with low access to electricity rates to distribute battery or solar powered radios at the discretion of the nation to receive information on good health and have posts in no or low electricity towns with news of health as well as advice on hygiene and health from physicians;
  3. Encourages the collaboration of countries and WHO to create telemedicine kiosks in their countries which will:
    1. help civilians to communicate with healthcare experts which will:
      1. eliminate the need of going to a hospital in many cases
      2. decrease the rates of internet-based consultancy without having the risk of being misinformed
    2. take place in areas such as but not limited to:
      1. pharmacies
      2. densely populated common public areas
      3. grocery stores
      4. governmental buildings
      5. markets
    3. be provided by WHO to every member state’s health ministries by:
      1. having a non-profit price for all member states
      2. using funds for LEDCs unable to afford such products
    4. have a maintenance crew which will:
      1. provide the regular maintenance of telemedicine kiosks
      2. repair the telemedicine kiosks in case of deteriorations
      3. be given necessary educations by WHO experts;
  4. Requests for United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to begin research into improving:
      1. gender, economic, social, age, racial, and colourist biases regarding digital diagnosis systems,
      2. quotas for test subjects from more diverse backgrounds to be taken into account when developing new digital healthcare systems such as: 
        1. low socioeconomic backgrounds
        2. ethnic minorities
        3. subjects who have no education background or who are illiterate
        4. other marginalized communities;
  5. Further encourages all member states to promote the usage of digital healthcare systems, especially for elderly people by using public ads in platforms such as but not limited to TV, newspaper, advertising boards, while sending educators to rural areas in order to inform people living in there who do not have access to aforementioned platforms by organizing in order to encourage:
      1. all citizens to get informed about digital health as soon as possible
      2. the citizens who are more informed about digital health to volunteer 
      3. all citizens to make personal  donations;
  6. Suggests that countries that are more specialized with digital divides help those countries that are not so specialized by:
      1. organizing online meetings and webinars to explain to all governments how digital health is going to work
      2. creating a document outlining the standards of digital health equipment to give all nations a clearer idea of where they are lacking
      3. providing them with study guides that will help them find whatever information they want;
  7. Urges the creation of a global fund named the Global Digital Divide Fund (GDDF) supervised by the WHO and United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) to allow less economically developed countries to afford vital digital tools and education on the matter:
    1. that will support:
      1. the distribution of necessary digital tools especially to areas with a rate below 80% of mobile penetration
      2. the offering of technical assistance to all rural areas
      3. the creation of a program in order to help citizens understand how to use digital tools
    2. that are supported and funded by:
      1. contributions from international non-profit organizations and higher-income countries contributing according to their budget or Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
      2. volitional donations from nations, intergovernmental organizations, United Nation organizations, and the private sector.