QUESTION OF: The situation of the Exclusive Economic Zones [EEZ] in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

SUBMITTED BY: European Union

CO-SUBMITTERS:Bolivia, Bangladesh, Cyprus, Denmark, Ecuador, Greece, Iceland, Romania, Slovenia, United Arab Emirates.




Alarmed by the increasing naval presence in the Mediterranean due to increasing tensions, 


Defines that the root of the problem is the overlap of different Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) claims by the Republic of Turkey, Greece and the island Cyprus,


Recognizes that the discovery of natural gas and oil in the area has flared up tensions due to its economic value,


Aware of the Bern Agreement signed by both Turkey and Greece in November 1976 to avoid unilateral action infringing on each other’s claims until their dispute over the issue was resolved,


Further aware of the existing maritime treaty currently signed by 168 entities known as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS),


Further recognizing that the Mediterranean is a crucial international trade route and disruptions in said route will cause major economic consequences felt all over the world, 


  1. Encourages the creation of a 10-day annual conference, to be held in Zagreb (Croatia) as a country in the region but not involved in the dispute, and attended by all involved UN bodies and Member States in the region, which will be monitored by the sub body created in clause 8, and which will be held to negotiate a treaty or treaties by which each nation is satisfied with and until all issues in the region are resolved;
  2. Invites bilateral talks between the Republic of Turkey and Greece in order to peacefully broker an agreement applying to the Turkish continental shelf and by extension the constraints of the nations’ land borders with the following responsibilities:
    1. adhering to a radial delimitation of 200 nautical miles from the coast and at the maritime border intersection between the Republic of Turkey, Greece and the Republic of Cyprus in which the following conditions will be secured:
      1. ensuring the removal of any military presence that is not justified by a formal declaration of war
      2. designating the European Parliament as an impartial advisory to weigh and assign drilling rights within extended contested zones
      3. natural gas networks established by the EastMed pipeline, Poseidon pipeline or the Interconnector Greece-Bulgaria pipeline remain under national jurisdiction
    2. advises the Secretary-General to consider special provisions to the UNCLOS article 76 in order to integrate the aforementioned agreement;

3.Calls for bilateral talks between involved member states with conflicting EEZs for de-escalation of any tensions:

    1. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies should try to resolve the situation peacefully and prevent any further escalation
    2. each involved Member State should try to cooperate with each other due to their status as NATO partners; 


4. Urges all member states involved in the region to do everything in their power to reduce the present tensions so that the negotiating process may be facilitated and suggests but does not force the implementation of the following steps in order to achieve this, including but not limited to:

    1. to keep all military vessels out of overlapping EEZ claims and preferably in the nation’s own territorial seas
    2. the halt to gas and oil exploration in only the areas which find themselves in overlapping EEZ zones until an agreement is reached over the zone; 


5.Requests the Secretary-General to refer the present issue to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in the event that insufficient advances have been made by either party in retrieving their military presence from the disputed area;


6. Emphasizes the declaration of the UNCLOS in entitling rights to islands in their free exploration of resources within the assigned EEZ and as such recognizes the following: 

    1. the invalidity of the Turkey-Libya Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) due to the suppression of the EEZ from the Greek island of Crete
    2. the invalidity of the 2020 Greece and Egyptian maritime deal;


7.Further encourages the creation of hotlines between the involved Member States’ governments head offices to deescalate future conflict in the area quickly when it arises;


8. Endorses the creation of a UNSC sub-body, which will monitor the negotiations held in Zagreb (Croatia) and deal with the allegations of mistreatment of nations at the conference negotiations.