RESOLUTION DISC 211

FORUM: DISARMAMENT & INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The situation of the Exclusive Economic Zones [EEZ] in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea

SUBMITTED BY: Qatar

CO-SUBMITTERS:Algeria, Burundi, Cambodia, Malta, Mozambique, Myanmar, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Namibia.

STATUSPassed

THE DISARMAMENT AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE, 

 

Recognizing the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS),

 

Guided by articles 74 and 83 of UNCLOS and their call for negotiation to settle disputes,

 

Bearing in mind article 121 of UNCLOS and the provisions granted to islands,

 

Keeping in mind cases in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) such as Bahrain v. Qatar (2001), Nicaragua v. Colombia (2012), Bangladesh v. Myanmar (2012),

 

Acknowledging existing and internationally recognized maritime claims,

 

Deploring the illegal annexation of a portion of a Member State and the establishment of an illegitimate so-called state,

 

Further deploring illegal excursions into Member States’ sovereign waters, violating international law and endangering regional stability,

 

Condemning military aggression in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, 

 

Expressing appreciation for the assistance provided to the region in defense of international law and sovereignty,

 

Noting with approval the sanctions imposed on offending parties in order to pressure Member States into abiding by international law and negotiating differences,

 

Recalling the urging of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for talks and the success of talks in the past to temporarily decrease tensions,

 

Further recalling the Bern Agreement and its success in temporarily decreasing tensions,

 

  1. Encourages the scheduling of an International Maritime Organization (IMO) conference with the aim of advancing UNCLOS which would:
    1. be attended by current signatories and prospective signatories
    2. encourage all relevant Member States who have not yet done so, to sign and ratify the UNCLOS and thereby agree to the terms established
    3. continuously update the UNCLOS to maintain current relevance in relation to technological advancements, border shifts, and current conflicts
    4. recommend any UNCLOS related disputes to the appropriate body of arbitration;
  2.  Asks for the creation of a council called “United Nations Council on the Law of the Sea on Mediterranean Sea” (UNCLSM) aiming to reach a consensus on Aegean Dispute of overlapping Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) (hereafter referred as “Aegean Dispute”) which will:
    1. consist of the Secretariat of the United Nations (UN), willing the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) signatories, willing members of the UN, Turkey, Greece, Republic of Cyprus in which:
      1. all of the members will have the right vote regarding the Aegean Dispute, but none of the decisions will be binding
      2. all the decision taken by council will be referred to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
      3. Turkey, Republic of Cyprus, and Greece will address Secretary General by letters such as but not limited to: A/75/598–S/2020/1116, A/75/513-S/2020/1015, A/74/832–S/2020/350 about their process of agreement
    2. aim to reach a consensus on topics regarding the legal basis of cases that require urgent action about international waters and maritime boundaries to prevent military aggressions and refer it to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) as both Greece and Turkey are NATO Allies;
  1. Requests Greece, Turkey, and The Republic of Cyprus to collaborate and try to reach a consensus on the overlapping EEZs and the exploitation of natural resources by arranging and attending meetings regarding this topic which will be:
    1. for solving the concerns and disputes by bilateral agreements when the meeting is regarding:
      1. borders and maritime boundaries
      2. definitions of terms which takes place place in the United Nations Convention on Law of Sea such as but not limited to continental shelf, territorial sea, EEZ around the Greek islands
    2. multilateral when the meeting is on the topics concerning other Member States, as well, such as but not limited to the trade routes, the area’s distinct economic impact on a Member State, the conservation of marine life etc. or that the concerned Member State is in a union such as but not limited to the European Union (EU), Republic of Cyprus, Libya, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon in order to:
      1. ensure the sustainable mutual agreements on the topic with also recognizing the Member States would likely to compromise from their maximalist national interests
      2. dismiss the unified claims which can be made by the several Member States but disregards international law and UNCLOS as the mutual agreements between the Member States shall not interfere with non-signatory Member State in that agreement and shall not overlap with the EEZ with non-signatory Member States
    3. keeps track of the results of these bilateral and multilateral meetings between the Member States to see if there are any improvements in finding solutions for the EEZ conflicts and will function with a Member State acting as a mediator; however, this mediator shall be unanimously agreed upon by Turkey, Greece, Republic of Cyprus;
  1. Further requests that the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) establish the United Nations Organization for the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (UNOEMS) under the UNODA, an ad hoc organization in conjunction with the International Maritime Organization and the ISA, which would:
    1. facilitate any and all discussions between relevant Member States, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), and non-state actors or groups
    2. in cooperation with any other relevant United Nations bodies, to host a United Nations Conference for the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, which would:
      1. be attended by all relevant Member States in the region as well as any NGOs deemed appropriate
      2. be held regularly until such time as the conference is deemed no longer necessary
      3. serve the purpose of negotiating any new agreements regarding EEZs in the region of the Eastern Mediterranean , projects such as the Eastern Mediterranean Pipeline, or any other relevant issues deemed necessary
      4. be mediated by the UNOEMS in order to not violate or supersede the UNCLOS, but to establish region specific agreements within the boundaries of the UNCLOS
    3. provide a proportional monetary incentive for the continued cooperation with these discussions and provide UN and any wishing Member States with regular updates of previously public information as to the state of the region and any negotiations or projects that are currently ongoing;
  1. Strongly requests that the UNOEMS establish incentives for the demilitarization of the Eastern Mediterranean Sea region which would:
    1. include a proportional financial incentive to be regularly distributed to relevant nations for:
      1. the restriction of all military vessels to their respective territorial waters
      2. the restriction of all seismic vessels to their respective territorial waters
      3. the continued cooperation with any and all negotiation attempts orchestrated by the UNOEMS
    2. said incentives would not apply if:
      1. the nation whose navy is in disputed waters is there to protect a NATO ally of theirs from aggression from a foreign power
      2. the nation whose navy is in disputed waters has given warning to all parties involved in the dispute,
      3. the United Nations Security Council deems it necessary to have peace keeping forces in the waters for preventing one nation from invading the other’s EEZ or preventing a foreign nation not directly implicated in the conflict from aiding the nation (with the exception of clause 2.a),
      4. all parties involved in the dispute agree upon the presence of said military forces
    3. include any non-financial incentives deemed appropriate
      1. apply to any and all relevant Member States or groups as determined by the UNOEMS;
  1. Urges involved parties to continue talks in accordance with articles 74 and 83 or delegate this issue to the appropriate body of arbitration with the purpose:
    1. in the short-term of de-escalating the situation in order to avoid physical confrontation by:
      1. withdrawing vessels from other members’ sovereign waters
      2. continuing a suspension of drilling operations in all disputed waters in the region
      3. utilizing respectful public messaging that calms relevant parties without sacrificing a commitment to international law and sovereignty
    2. in the long-term of establishing a lasting solution that:
      1. respects the sovereignty of all Member States
      2. is in accordance with UNCLOS and international law
    3. of establishing a precedent of:
      1. not acquiescing to intimidation 
      2. defending the rights of islands as stipulated in UNCLOS
      3. defending the sovereignty of Member States
      4. reaffirming UNCLOS when it is under attack
      5. abiding by international law.