RESOLUTION DISC 311

FORUM: DISARMAMENT & INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: COVID-19 and its implications for disarmament.

SUBMITTED BY: Chad

CO-SUBMITTERS:Cameroon, Bangladesh, Burundi, Tunisia, Singapore, Lebanon, Poland, Niger, Armenia.

STATUSPassed

THE DISARMAMENT AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE,

Recognizing the limitations in travel, trade, and economy due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as economic and commercial set-backs and unprecedented regressions in economic activity,

Further noting that political stances among countries were affected by the pandemic and either suspended or aggravated,

Acknowledging  that arms inspections will become increasingly difficult within the worldwide COVID-19 restrictions which will infringe upon the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF treaty), the New START treaty, or the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty,

Further recognizing the implications of the pandemic; many treaties among countries came to sudden halts, however, with the clear fact that the above scenario should and does not have any negative impact on the progress of the NEW START treaty extension, considering the dangerous implications that could result between USA and Russia should the issue is not resolved ( if the treaty expires, the two countries will be allowed to increase their nuclear weapons haphazardly, increasing the risk of world wide national security), the COVID-19 situation should not be represented as an excuse to not proceed with the extension,

Condemning the illicit trade of conventional weaponry that has been continuing despite the pandemic and therefore contributing to internal conflict in several Member States,

Alarmed by increased military spending when government resources could instead be used to provide financial relief, research funds and medical supplies to help combat the global pandemic,

  1. Encourages the delegations of the United States of America and the Russian Federation to commence negotiations in 2021 in order to create a new disarmament treaty, focusing on including other nuclear powers, recommending that:
    1. this treaty limits the deployed strategic nuclear warheads to 1395 (reducing by 10% the limit from the New START), deployed missiles and bombers to 700 or less and deployed and non-deployed launchers to 800 or less
    2. it allows at least 18 on-site inspections per year as to verify that other Member States are respecting the treaty and allows for satellite and remote monitoring;
  2. Asks for the extension of the New Start treaty’s deadline for an extra year (2022), to allow for the compensation of the delayed inspections, and the option to extend until 2026, before the expiration of the treaty on the 5 February 2021 in order to give enough time for both parties to conduct all of the inspections that could not be done throughout 2020 in 2021, with proper protection and following the protocol of COVID-19 by reinforcing the usage of face masks during the agreements between both subjects, keeping a 2-meter distance between all authority, providing hand sanitizer and other antibacterial products;
  3. Proposes that governments dedicate their resources meant for weapons towards fighting the pandemic by recommending that governments redirect public resources from weapons and war towards the production of medical equipment, medical staff, and provision of wages, rents, food and health care and urges nuclear-armed states to cease their nuclear weapon modernization programs and reallocate the resources;
  4. Requests the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) to organize conferences or bilateral talks between the Member States that are or have been parties to treaties on disarmament that have not been fully implemented due to the Covid-19 pandemic, which will:
    1. aim to ensure an agreement between the parties for an extension of the previous treaty to be approved or for a new treaty to be signed so that the arms inspections in the previous treaty can be conducted
    2. be overseen by the Secretariat of the United Nations and if a decision cannot be reached on an issue that poses a threat to international peace and security the Secretary-General will refer the issue to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in accordance with Article 99 of the UN Charter
    3. work in cooperation with the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research to include the necessary measures for the implementation of the treaty in pandemic conditions, such as but not limited to:
      1. the procedure for the arms inspections and alternatives in cases visits are not possible
      2. possible extensions to the treaty and the conditions that would require such an extension
      3. the establishment of an independent organization, if the parties agree, under the UN that will conduct investigations to provide an advisory opinion in case the parties believe a violation of the treaty has occurred;
  5. Calls for the establishment of an advisory panel under the UNODA to support the Member States in conducting arms inspections or monitoring activities in regions affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, and that the United Nations Conference on Disarmament hold a virtual meeting in the near future to discuss the impacts that the pandemic has had on the process of disarmament in its ratifier states in order to:
    1. facilitate the process of communication between the Member States regarding the pandemic conditions and the changes that may be necessary to the content or implementation of the treaties on disarmament
    2. work in cooperation with representatives from the private sector to support the technologies that can be used for inspections regarding disarmament treaties such as but not limited to arms tests
    3. strongly urge the implementation of the treaties in cooperation with the UNODA or UNSC can provide for the implementation of the agreements, such as but not limited to:
      1. parties to a treaty requesting the support of the UN for the establishment of an organization that aims to investigate treaty violations
      2. discussing the issue in the UNSC if the parties to the treaty believe there was a violation of the treaty
      3. asking the UN Secretariat to supervise the bilateral or multilateral talks on the treaties on disarmament
    4. urge particularly affected Member States to conduct detailed studies into the impact of the pandemic on their broader national security situations, including the effects on civil conflicts and other internal security matters
    5. invites Member States to create and sign a resolution which will establish space disarmament laws and regulations, seeing as the Outer Space treaty was signed in 1967 and has become obsolete with recent technology and developments, which will:
      1. limit the number of military forces that can be sent into space
      2. limit the kind of military equipment and different kinds of weapons that can be sent into space
      3. decide the different areas 
    6. explore new ways of conducting inspections within the guidelines of COVID-19 established by the World Health Organization (WHO)
    7. be discussed and approved in the Disarmament and International Security Committee and later approved by the United Nations Security Council for it to be enforced;
  6. Highly requests the UN to review the nations outside and inside the Non-Proliferation Treaty, such as India, Pakistan, Iran and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and readily establish them as Nuclear-Weapon States (NWS) to allow initiation and creation of formal bilateral and multilateral agreements with the states, as the inequity of NWS could prevent important negotiations occurring between states, thus leading to hindrances in nuclear disarmament.