RESOLUTION DISC 331

FORUM: DISARMAMENT & INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: COVID-19 and its implications for disarmament

SUBMITTED BY: Jordan

CO-SUBMITTERS:Algeria, Cambodia, Cuba, ITALY, Myanmar, Russian Federation, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yemen.

STATUSPassed

THE DISARMAMENT AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE,

 

Believing that disarmament is a necessary activity for member states to ensure peace,

 

Defining disarmament as all activities that limit or remove the military capacity of nation, especially in the context of nuclear, biological, chemical, and other weapons of mass destruction,

 

Further defining vulnerable populations, in accordance with the WHO,  as people whose situations or contexts make them especially vulnerable, or who experience inequality, prejudice, marginalization and limits on their social, economic, cultural and other rights in accordance with the WHO,

 

Taking note that the recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has brought nations to higher tensions with each other and may bring about threats to disarmament,

 

Recalling the many mechanisms, such as the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), treaties, such as the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty, and non-government organizations, such as the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, are already in place to ensure the continuation of disarmament efforts, 

 

Approving of the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) chairman’s, Izumi Nakamitzu’s, efforts and desires to ensure that the COVID-19 pandemic does not inspire or cause the reversal of efforts towards disarmament, especially in volatile regions like the Middle East,

 

Noting with approval the actions that have already been taken to prevent COVID-19 causing the reversal of disarmament efforts such as the informal workshops that were co-organized by UNODA and Jordan,

 

Acknowledging that the COVID-19 pandemic has made it difficult for usual inspections of military capacities and activities to occur,

 

Expressing appreciation for the efforts of concerned nations keeping disarmament in the international dialogue during the stressful events of COVID-19,

 

Noting with deep concerns how inequalities in the distribution of vaccines will only exacerbate existing tensions, with the WHO warning of an impending moral catastrophe,

 

Seeking not to allow violent or inhumane conflicts, such as the use or creation of nuclear weapons, to break out during a period of shared trauma and difficulty on the international level,

 

Appreciating the role of the 1970 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in maintaining international security and promoting diplomatic tranquility and confidence among member nations of the NPT,

 

Emphasizing the sudden changes of presidents due to inadequate response to COVID-19  and as  a result of the sudden shift of governments the drastic change of its  policies,

 

Recognizing with great concern the threat to human life that the simultaneous presence of the COVID-19 pandemic and armed conflicts has,

 

  1. Strongly emphasizes the need for armed conflicts to undergo ceasefire, amplifying calls made by the Secretary-General to ensure that measures surrounding the disarmament committee with reference to safety concerns regarding people and national security can be met during the ongoing pandemic further emphasized with the notion of conflicts being predominantly in developing regions with inadequate health infrastructure to ensure humanitarian disasters are avoided;

 

  1. Encourages the expansion of the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) COVAX program to reduce vaccination purchase and distribution disputes through:
    1. the expansion of the existing COVID-19 vaccination program to cover the most vulnerable individuals worldwide, regardless of nationality or financial status, with: 
      1. the creation of a new, global, COVID-19 vaccine delivery service that collaborates with air, naval and ground operators to utilize grounded assets to increase the range and speed of delivery worldwide
      2. the promotion of the use of military personnel as to accelerate COVID-19 relief efforts
    2. voluntary collection funds from member states to further the efficiency of COVAX through:
      1. a proposed, month-long, online funds appeal campaign coordinated with cultural symbols with the aim of raising funds as well as increasing awareness of misinformation surrounding vaccination
      2. a coordinated and well-publicized open letter asking private companies that have profited from the pandemic, particularly in the tech sector, to consider donating a portion of their profits to the WHO’s COVAX efforts
      3. suggested re-allocation funds from member states’ defense budgets
    3. the encouragement for member states to increase technological and material sharing efforts with the aims of:
      1. accelerating the production of all COVID-19 vaccines
      2. the pooling of excess medical supplies with other willing nations
      3. further improving the treatment of COVID-19 patients
      4. the formation of new health-focused alliances between the countries as a result of the transfer of medical knowledge;
  2. Suggests that this committee consider the impact of newly weaponized viruses and technologies that may be used as weapons instead of traditional nuclear weaponry, and collectively research to understand the extent to which chemical weapons of destruction may be used through means such as but not limited to:
    1. focusing on the creation of a scientific base to understand the production of weaponized chemicals, through the introduction of scientists from willing member nations, who will aim to collaborate together to gather and present information to educate the rest of the committee 
    2. urging member states to subsidize and invest in healthcare and science industries to potentially create a better medical and scientific infrastructure to increase the knowledge of the residents that have medical professions in member states, for the betterment of each member’s understanding of chemical weaponization;
  3. Seeks to extend the expiration date of any treaty that facilitates disarmament and discourages re-armament that is set to expire in 2021 until at least 2024, and to protect treaties such as the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and similar documents so that their failure does not:
    1. jeopardize the peace that currently exists in some regions which would worsen and encourage violence, especially in response to the development of nuclear arsenals, in the world in response to perceived threats
    2. cause the elimination of nuclear-weapon-free zones (NWFZ) which are important tools in maintaining peace and preventing armament;
  4. Calls for the 1970 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) review conferences, which have been established indefinitely every five years, to be held every three years, either in a secure in-person or online format, in order to:
    1. update member states on the present situation regarding nuclear disarmament to keep member states prepared for spontaneous events that may endanger international security,
    2. maintain international security and promote tranquility and confidence among member nations, by ensuring the prompt review of non-proliferation efforts from member parties through sustaining the occurrences of review conferences in times that prevent safe person to person conferences from being held
  5. Further calls for the inclusion of China, India, and Pakistan in international disarmament talks and the creation of new nuclear de-escalation treaties for the purposes of:
    1. reducing international tensions caused by the absence of emerging nuclear powers as being signatories to existent nuclear treaties, and further establishing agreeable terms with these states which are founded upon the principles of:
      1. future-proofing in order to be inclusive of new nuclear powers
      2. not founded upon cold-war era disarmament, but are relevant to the modern interdependent world
    2. ensuring the prevention of further cold wars and arms races on international scales
    3. helping clear the way to regions deeply affected by COVID which would have previously been unable to been reached due to high tensions;
  6. Further suggests the creation of a UN-funded grant for: 
    1. NGOs that focus on disarmament, such as the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, so that they may continue their valuable work during the financial crisis associated with the COVID-19 pandemic which will:
      1.  forge new alliances and strengthen the ties between the countries that were previously hostile
      2. decrease the chances of having another major world war
    2. formalization and expansion of workshops like those co-organized by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the UNODA in order to continue the dialogue and training around disarmament in the current global environment reminding that the lack of formalization and expansion of these workshops may result in:
      1. an increase in the number of small skirmishes between countries which will result in unnecessary loss of life
    3. future conflicts that are more destructive between countries as a result of the increase in the sizes of the armies.