QUESTION OF: COVID-19 and its implications for disarmament

SUBMITTED BY: Saudi Arabia

CO-SUBMITTERS:Afghanistan, Chile, Cuba, Eritrea, Iceland, Mauritania, Oman, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Sierra Leone, Spain, Syria, Turkey, Burkina Faso.



Expresses its hope that COVID-19 stands as an example that peace can only be achieved via international disarmament and unity,

Acknowledging resolution 44/197B of the General Assembly,

Considering  Article XIV of The United Nations Rules of Procedure, rules 134 – 138,

Recognizing that wars of conquests are illegal and therefore are grounds for the suspension from the UN of states that initiate such wars,

Noting the recent developments of support for a sovereign Palestinian state, and supporting a generally more peaceful foreign policies,

Understanding that according to the International Law Commission of 1949, article XI all territories acquired by a state through conquest should not be recognized by foreign states,

Concerned that some member states have been party to human rights abuses under the grounds of institutional discrimination of minority peoples and labor rights abuses against foreign workers,

Demonstrating that many states have persevered through COVID-19 with much better health accomplishments when compared to other states,

Noting Article 6 of the United Nations Charter, which outlines the procedure for expelling member states who have persistently violated the Principles of the UN Charter,

  1. Calls upon member states to enforce stricter measures and condemns those who disregard measures, especially during a world crisis disregarding human lives, creating unnecessary confusion, disruption, and installing fear amongst people and members of the committee, and suggesting that these measures include political sanctions to disenfranchise the perpetrators;
  2. Calls on all member states to engage in peaceful negotiations annually taking place in Geneva, Switzerland on April 14th-15th with the ultimate goal of decreasing tensions until the World Health Organization (WHO) declares the end of a pandemic;
  3. Strongly emphasizes the need for a ceasefire to all armed conflicts, amplifying calls made by the Secretary-General to ensure that measures surrounding the Disarmament Committee regarding safety concerns regarding people and national security can be met during the ongoing pandemic, and further emphasizes with the notion of conflicts being predominantly in developing regions with inadequate health infrastructure to ensure humanitarian disasters are avoided, where failure to adhere to the mentioned request shall result in economic sanctions against figures responsible for bringing forth a ceasefire, yet providing null efforts to do so, especially in situations such as but not limited to:
    1. the case of one country agreeing to a ceasefire (sanctioned by the United Nations and or its organ bodies’) while another refuses, it is recommended an embargo be placed on the entity that refuses to cooperate is a sovereign state, however in the case of the following;
    2. an uncooperative entity that a sovereign state or a militia (and or revolutionary front) – respectively requests the UN to maintain contact with the respective group (through the means of a cease for the foreseeable future / until the pandemic is subdued)
    3. proxy wars – which will be subjected to the same measures, alongside the added guideline being that aligned parties (other nations) agree with the aforementioned statements;
  4. Encourages member states to raise awareness of the negative impacts both Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs), Biological and Chemical Weapons (BCWs), and Weaponized Viruses along with the consequences of rising tensions worldwide, will have on the world and the individual member states as well as:
    1. informing the general public of the dangers of neglecting disarmament during the pandemic, which would be communicated through means such as but not limited to:
      1. social media campaigns on official verified UN accounts to reach younger generations
      2. distribution of flyers
      3. media campaigns on mediums such as television, radio, and public advertisements
    2. hosting a worldwide day of appreciation for essential workers on the one day of the aforementioned conference (April 14th), and an international day of awareness on the other (April 15th)
    3. suggesting that member states adapt curriculums worldwide throughout the duration of the pandemic in order to educate the younger population on the aforementioned dangers of neglecting disarmament during the pandemic by:
      1. including lessons on the overall pandemic
      2. highlighting the dangers of nuclear weapons, and thus the need for disarmament
      3. investigating the effects of the pandemic on the process of disarmament, emphasizing the lack of inspections and supervision;
  5. Requests the use of alternative methods to carry out disarmament inspections during pandemic related events in member states that show signs of volatility in their production of nuclear arms or through acts of hostility in not adhering to previous disarmament treaties towards other member states through means such as but not limited to:
    1. certified NGOs 
    2. inspectors which have been approved by the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISC)
    3. inspectors from neutral third-party states;
  6. Further requests all member states that have nuclear programs to give a report monthly on their nuclear program, and suggests that failure to do so could result in sanctions which would be determined by an independent body or committee;
  7. Recommends a program of goodwill amongst member states to ensure joint cooperation across the world and to restore coordination between member states during pandemics, including the following:
    1. incentivized through programs funded by the UN, to make sure member states understand the importance of the issue, and are fully encouraged to cooperate in the joint efforts of disarmament efforts (if member states adhere to previous clauses)
    2. achieved through the reduction of sanctions approved by an independent UN panel, or bipartisan agreements between member states 
    3. ratified by various UN committees such as but not limited to DISC and United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA);
  8. Strongly encourages that the Security Council, under Article 6 of the UN Charter, should exclude non cooperative states from the UN;
  9. Recommends the committee install new policies to replace and improve current policies that set an inadequate standard to ensure the goals of the committee and its designed purpose, to protect the people(s) of the world, may be met in a respective and ordeal fashion transcending (in a respectable manner) global issues (exterior) via:
    1. the need for more frequent meetings in order to ensure that set goals are followed in a substantial manner in order to combat the crumbling infrastructure surrounding disarmament which has only been accelerated during the COVID-19 pandemic in methods such as but not limited to:
      1. an array of meetings dedicated to solving past conflicts that were unable to be resolved, which occur in spaces (whether that be virtual or in-person) as seen fit by the chairperson
      2. meetings further serving the purpose of ensuring that the infrastructure serving the disarmament committee remains intact to secure a peaceful prosperous future for generations to follow in regards to the subjects surrounding and more, including reduction of the military budget, African nuclear-free zone, the prohibition of WOMD, maintain international security, establish a nuclear-free middle east area
      3. meetings revolving around a seasonal calendar as opposed to the current model where the committee only gathers once a year (with the expectation of smaller accords)
    2. the goal of setting regional policies with the current climate to strengthen them fortify discussions around current and future goals where they will occur within a respective timely manner where:
      1. the creation of regional offices centered around continental and geographic locations will be focused on a large area – to mediate/enforce discussion between parties, hoping to reduce the polarization of the geopolitical situation around the world,
      2. regional panels shall consist of 2 representatives per nation in the grouping with an additional UN supervisor who shall preside over each respective panel – in the interest of maintaining a streamlined communicating process and a peaceful discussion;
  10. Reminds member states of the united mission of tackling the disarmament efforts during the pandemic together, recognizing the challenges that come with international cooperation that is spurred by the United Nations.