RESOLUTION ECO 122

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to counter unemployment, especially female unemployment

SUBMITTED BY: United States of America

CO-SUBMITTERS:Switzerland, Canada, Montenegro, Pakistan, Paraguay, Zimbabwe, Iran, France, UN-Women, Russian Federation.

STATUSRejected

Affirming that youth is defined as the age between 15 and 24 years of age,

Emphasizing that 16% of the world population is aged 15-24 years,

Recognizing that the International Labor Organization (ILO) brings together governments, employers and workers, to set labor standards, develop policies and devise programs promoting decent work for all women and men,

Recognizing that the total fertility rate (TFR) is the mean number of children a woman would have by age 50 as defined by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs,

Aware that by investing more in growing areas and industries, countries can increase their increase their gross domestic product (GDP),

  1. Calls upon all Member Nations’ governments to reduce employer payroll taxes for an employee by 2024 if the employee has been previously unemployed, which greater reductions towards employees that have been unemployed for more than 1 year;
  2. Encourages all Member Nations to create more working positions by allocating a larger percentage of their gross national income (GNI) to expanding the following areas:
    1. healthcare, by means such as:
      1. investing in research and development of new technologies
      2. construction of new accessible hospitals and other facilities
      3. improvement of current facilities,
      4. ensuring less austerity towards national health organizations
    2. energy, especially renewable energy, by means such as:
      1. investing in the development of new technologies
      2. construction of new energy production infrastructures in renewable energy
      3. improvement of current energy production and distribution infrastructures
    3. any other relevant industries, which may vary from one Member Nation to another
    4. infrastructure, specifically infrastructure that relates to the areas stated above;
  3. Urges all Member Nations to reduce occupational immobility through means such as but not limited to:
    1. investment into training schemes, such as free or paid educational courses, for the unemployed, so as to:
      1. boost people’s human capital
      2. equip people with new skills
      3. equip people with skills that can be transferred from one occupation to another
      4. allow people to gain any education which they did not receive when they were younger
    2. subsidizing the provision of vocational training by private sector firms;
  4. Encourages all Member Nations to reduce geographical immobility through means such as but not limited to:
    1. reforms to the housing market designed so as to:
      1. improve the supply of rented properties
      2. reduce the price of rented properties
      3. increase the supply of affordable properties
    2. Specific subsidies for people moving into areas where there are shortages of labor;
  5. Urges Member States to improve efficiency in their population’s contribution to the national and global economy through either one of the following:
    1. decreasing the national TFR in nations with rates greater than 2.5, through means such as but not limited to:
      1. increasing distribution of contraceptives to the population
      2. increasing education on family planning and contraceptives
      3. increasing sex education, especially in schools
      4. implementing media campaigns on social media, television, and news outlets, to educate the public, especially women, on available methods of contraception and overall sexual health,
    2. maintaining a stable TFR in nations with rates less than 2.5 through means such as but not limited:
      1. creating media campaigns on social media, television, radio, and any news outlets, with the purpose of educating the public on how to maintain a safe pregnancy and give birth safely, both at home and in a hospital
      2. increasing the accuracy of education about sexual health in schools
      3. creating courses on how to raise children for future parents;
  6. Encourages the implementation or improvement of employment protection legislations in all Member Nations in order to decrease the amount of unemployment caused by termination of employment without any cause behind it through means such as but not limited to creating anti-discrimination laws, which ensure that someone cannot be fired due to a factor outside of their control, such as:
    1. race
    2. religion
    3. sexuality
    4. gender
    5. age
    6. veteran status.