RESOLUTION ECO 132

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to counter unemployment, especially female unemployment

SUBMITTED BY: China

CO-SUBMITTERS:Republic of Korea, Angola, Paraguay, Solomon Islands, Turkmenistan, Thailand, World Bank, UNDP, United Kingdom.

STATUSApproved

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

Recalling the resolution 70/219 which stresses the protection of women in the workforce and the importance of gender equality,

Alarmed by the global gap between men women as a result of the fact that women’s labor force participation rate is 49% whereas men’s is 75% according to the International Labour Organization (ILO),

Having considered the reasons of the women’s high unemployment rate as unequal payment, occupational segregation, gender discrimination, hardships of work-family balance, lack of quality care jobs, and disproportionate impact of economic crises on women,

Noting with deep concern the fact that men vastly outnumber women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields in which women compose only 28% of the workforce,

Taking into account the negative effect of COVID-19 and the lockdown on businesses therefore increasing the unemployment rate,

  1. Requests all member states to establish a branch of the ministry of education that will set up, improve and pursue the progress of vocational high schools, career education programs, apprenticeships, summer schools:
    1. enhancing educational opportunities for women by:
      1. giving the opportunity to take online education if the job does not require face to face education during pandemic
      2. postponing face to face education until it is safe due to the pandemic
      3. advertising the created jobs through social media, Television, newspapers
    2. encouraging women to establish cooperatives or small businesses by educating them through the aforementioned programs on:
      1. entrepreneurship
      2. business
      3. marketing
      4. manufacture
    3. collaborating with companies that will employ women directly after women graduate and receive their report cards or certificates of the graduated profession and provide apprenticeships during summer or holidays
    4. conducting career education programs online if it doesn’t require face to face education due to the pandemic
    5. giving scholarships/financial aid to their families or to the women themselves 
    6. facilitating transportation to high schools and education programs and making it accessible to everyone by:
      1. setting up safe, accessible public transportation while keeping in mind the accommodations of the students and attendees
      2. establishing these education centers in rural areas and in specific areas economically unfortunate citizens live in
      3. opening up boarding schools;
  2. Urges LEDCs to launch a Women’s Employment Program in cooperation with ILO, UN Women, their local Employment Agencies and governments to improve women’s labor market situation that will:
    1. run different training courses under primary, secondary and tertiary industrial sector and provide aid in job applications for administrative field for the general public to be employed in order to increase job opportunities for women
    2. ensure decent working conditions are provided to women
    3. establish a team formed by the UN representatives from each voluntary state that will visit countries that has high unemployment rate of women to observe their practices in order to determine further steps to be taken in the program, have regular meetings to discuss and update the legal framework, and attend meetings including presentations on gender equality given by UN experts who are knowledgeable regarding the subject and recent data
    4. ensure safe public transportation especially at economically unfortunate areas, improving public transportation roots that will ensure outer parts of the city is approachable by public transportation and work further on providing safe transportation in collaboration with local authorities/municipalities 
    5. offer counselling services that have an accessible hotline and website available to families and individuals to give advice on their financial situation and employment, especially women employment, in ways such as:
      1. operating separate sessions for women in order to allow them to be open and honest about their work experience and life management
      2. redirecting women to training programs in order to produce skilled female workers with increased choices of higher quality occupations
      3. holding family sessions to explain the importance and economic benefits of reducing the gender participation gap
    6. raise awareness both written and online media devices such as newspapers, radios, reports, and televisions in order to root out discrimination and sexism
    7. focus on closing the gap between genders by:
      1. preventing unpaid female labor through legislative action
      2. creating flexible schedules which women employees could arrange according to their needs
      3. providing equal opportunities to both genders
      4. preventing the women unemployment caused by housework and family care intervening with their career, to ultimately support women who work, by holding education sessions for families that will promote involvement of men to the family, establishing child care centers close to workplaces;
  3. Recommends all member nations to form or support NGOs and women’s shelters that will work in collaboration with local authorities or municipalities and create job opportunities for women by:
    1. setting up places for the organizations to sell their products without charge
    2. supporting these organizations by using their labor force to produce needed products
    3. opening up studios that women won’t be charged and can work in during the process of making their goods
    4. establishing locations for educational events and conferences free of charge;
  4. Asks STEM companies, organisations, universities and member states to collaborate in order to encourage and enhance women’s activity in STEM areas by:
    1. creating STEM competitions that the number of female and male attendees are equal and will give prizes like scholarships to the winners
    2. providing summer internships, job shadowing opportunities or career days and advertising them through social media, newspapers, TV, high schools and middle schools
    3. introducing girls career opportunities, women in STEM areas by holding workshops in city centers and economically unfortunate areas, collaborating with high schools and middle schools to give conferences, working on providing counseling to girls at middle schools and high schools
    4. collecting funds that will be used for educational expenses for individuals in need, scholarships, expenses of the STEM competitions, and advertisements mentioned in subclause b.