RESOLUTION ECO 222

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Developing a minimum welfare state in all countries

SUBMITTED BY: DR Congo

CO-SUBMITTERS:--, Brazil, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Thailand, Indonesia.

STATUSSubmitted

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL,

Bearing in mind that at the period 1860-1890 the German Empire dominated in European affairs which led to the development of the first welfare state,

Acknowledging that in 1881 the first welfare state was adopted by Otto von Bismarck,

Fully aware that during the period 1945-1960 the Decolonization Period arose the interest of unions to distribute socio-economic issues,

Recognizing that in 1948 comprehensive measures of social insurance were adopted in the United Kingdom, which bear more similarities to the current welfare states,

Noting with appreciation that in 1960 the Dutch welfare state model was developed,

Bearing in mind that in the 1970s the distinction of the social-democratic welfare state was established,

Supporting the work of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the multiple reports that it has released over the years about the development of minimum welfare states in all countries and their main faction among the others towards the improvement and protection of living standards of each country,

Noting with appreciation the efforts of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that has included the vast majority of Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) in its programs so as to cover the basic aspects provided by the social protection of each state and influence on the distribution of social protection,

Expressing its deep concerns that in the early 2000s the Dutch welfare system was collapsing,

Appreciating the creation of a sub-Department known as Department of Social Affairs proceeded by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs focused on the development of social welfare,

Welcomes the treaty signed by the United Nations Department on Economic and Social Affairs called ‘Economic and Social Challenges and Opportunities’,

Noting with deep concern that the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in poverty rates skyrocketing,

Taking into consideration that without a minimum welfare states in all countries the phenomenon of social disorder along with other economic issues would rise,

 

  1. Ensures sustainable and resilient societies in urban and rural communities by means such as but not limited to: 
    1. integrating solutions for the provision of adequate employment for women and men and addressing barriers to people’s economic empowerment by:
      1.  investing in child and youth development supporting a healthy and educated population, providing decent jobs for those of working age and creating conditions conducive to investment and growth,
      2. establishing a minimum wage for each country which will provide suitable living conditions based on the economies of each country,
      3. implementing the Beijing Platform of Action and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women so as to contribute to measure women’s unpaid care development,
      4. developing policies on Youth Economic Empowerment (YEE)  as a measure to provide young people with the skills needed to secure decent work,
    2. encompassing social protection, fundamental principles and rights at work and social dialogue, in ways such as, but not limited to:
      1. integrating legislation granting employees anti-discrimination rights,
      2. strengthening education systems to reduce unemployment in the long-term,
      3. ensuring the provision of healthcare to citizens,
    3. making continuous efforts by the guidance of the United Nations and other NGOs so as Members States that have not ratified and fully implemented the International Labour Organization conventions do so by:
      1. respecting fundamental principles such as freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to organize and bargain collectively,
      2. working towards the elimination all forms of forced or compulsory labour, 
      3. Working towards the eradication of child labour and discrimination in respect to employment;
  2. Suggests the development of Member Nation’s economy to majorly contribute towards the increase in transformation of nations through multiple means:
    1. asking for the establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) within member nations in order to further support investment within regions,
    2. SEZs are to have reduced tax rates as per the member nation’s discretion,
    3. SEZs are to be within locations in which the area within a radius of 2km has a population density of at least 30 people per square kilometer to ensure SEZs are within zones of economic activity,
    4. resulting in an expansion of the economy through the introduction of new businesses, creation of new markets, increased competitiveness, and overall increased output;
  3. Recommends investment into infrastructure such as energy sources, buildings, and roads to improve economic activity:
    1. energy methods used are to be renewable such as but not limited to hydroelectric energy, wind turbines, solar panels, and biomass as per what the Member Nation believes would be ideal
    2. buildings are to be created for the purpose of providing regions for businesses within SEZs as well as for other purposes such as for government job centres
    3. materials for infrastructure are to be locally sourced, such as lime, or shipped from external sources if difficult to manufacture within the region, such as solar cells;
  4. Calls for measures to allow for easier employment through help from the World Bank:
    1. subsidies are to be provided in research and technology within small-scale enterprises
    2. investing in high-tech firms, especially within LEDCs, in order to further diversify markets as well as aid employment
    3. investment into the improving of existing technologies within existing structures such as but not limited to traffic lights and streetlights;
  5. Recommends more effective tax systems by governments to be able to manage revenue more efficiently in order to increase expenditures in social welfare and to reduce the potential for economic disasters due to poorly designed tax policy by creating new tax policy that meets all the following criteria after approval from the UN or willing organizations of the UN:
    1. complete neutrality and fairness
    2. with no discrimination is to exist towards based on religion, age, or gender
    3. this does not include taxing based on income level
    4. no one is to be double taxed or not taxed
    5. comprehensibility, effectiveness, and flexibility
    6. the tax rules are to be clear and understandable by taxpayers
    7. having taxes be applied as soon as possible in order to have them be received immediately and to avoid confusion as to how much is owed on certain topics
    8. the taxation system is to be able to be easily changed to keep up with technological and commercial developments;
  6. Suggests the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls as a measure to achieve sustainable development through means such as but not limited to:
    1. elaborating and implementing strategies, policies and targeted measures to prevent all forms of violence against women and girls and to provide protections to victims
    2. political commitment through highest level government officials stating stances that denounce discrimination
    3. the creation of anti-discrimination laws as per the member nation’s discretion so long as it focuses on reduction on discrimination in the hiring and dismissal of employees due to gender
    4. the providing of services through any relevant government agencies such as physical and mental health support for any sort of violence against women, with an agency being created if one does not currently exist
    5. the investigation and punishment of perpetrators of violence and corporations found to discriminate as per the previously mentioned government agency
    6. the signing of previous relevant UN treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
    7. providing further aid towards women and girls in order to provide a route into education and joining of the workforce through means such as but not limited to:
      1. using previously built infrastructure, such as what is created in clause 2, sub-clause b, in order to create facilities to educate women and girls in fields, especially those in service such as healthcare and education, in order to further develop the nation, 
      2. encouraging parental leave through the means of providing it within Member Nations in order to have more women in the workforce;
  7. Urges that welfare states in which the following services are not included to begin to include the,
    1. in reference to pensions,:
      1. they are to be provided at the nation’s age of retirement
      2. they are to provide a salary at any applicable minimum wage
      3. they are to be given to citizens of the nation that have worked at least 20 years
    2. access to benefits in unemployment reflecting different national policy objectives or constraints so as to include:
      1. unemployed people who are actively looking for work
      2. groups who do not report active job search
      3. groups who have some employment
      4. benefits are to include unemployment pay as per the member nation’s discretion
    3. access of parents child allowances
      1. all parents are to be provided a salary as per the member nation’s discretion in which they are to be given allowance based on the amount of children they have
      2. this is especially encouraged in member nations in which the fertility rate has reached unsustainable lows;
  8. Ensures equal education opportunities to all people, in ways such as, but not limited to:
    1. encouraging member nations to collaborate with UN institutions such as UNICEF, UNESCO and other relevant NGOs to:
      1. reduce or abolish school fees for primary and secondary education
      2. provide adequate learning resources to marginalized and underdeveloped areas
      3. allocate volunteering teachers and educators to ensure education is being provided to those in need,
    2. introduce technological devices to facilitate and expand e-learning and online training programs
    3. curriculum planners especially in MEDCs to design teaching methods and instructional materials that will facilitate learning and increase students’ chances of achieving success
    4. ensuring that there is no discrimination among children and schools in the allocation of human, material and other educational resources;
  9. Recommends a more unified front for providing healthcare services for both LEDCs and MEDCs in ways such as:
    1. access to healthcare system to all combating barriers to health services to include:
      1. high cost of care
      2. inadequate or no insurance coverage
      3. lack of availability of services
      4. lack of culturally competent care
    2. more expansive and efficient healthcare networks to span across countries, headed by an organization such as the WHO, while providing investments and further research into global disease responses, in order to ensure that there is an effective response to pandemics such as COVID-19.