RESOLUTION ECO 312

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to reduce non-biodegradable wastes

SUBMITTED BY: Benin

CO-SUBMITTERS:Angola, Armenia, Egypt, Finland, Indonesia, Paraguay, Ukraine.

STATUSPassed

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL,

 

Noting that the term “non-biodegradable” is defined as “not being able to break down and decay naturally and in a way that is harmful to the environment”,

 

Deeply concerned that non-biodegradable waste which is not disposed of properly, can cause pollution both in water and land ecosystems, threaten human life and impact the health of communities and wildlife species,

 

Acknowledging the importance of attaining target 12.5 of the Sustainable Development Goals, under which the United Nations have agreed to “substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling, and reuse” by 2030,

 

Bearing in mind the necessity to comprehensively address the management of non-biodegradable waste in the context of existing international environmental laws and the pronouncements therein,

 

Furthermore, according to the definitions of hazardous waste as explained by the EPA of the USA, “ a waste is determined to be hazardous if it’s listed on one of four lists, these are F, K, P and U lists. The F and K lists determine common manufacturing and industrial processed waste as hazardous, whereas P and U lists designate Hazardous waste from commercial sources”,

 

Recognizing that poor waste management control pertains to the lack of separation from wet waste and dry waste which then contributes to the production of greenhouse gases and the leaching of potentially toxic chemicals into the soil and groundwater,

 

Defining non-biodegradable waste is a kind of substance that cannot be broken down by natural organisms and acts as a source of pollution, 

 

1.Invites non-LEDCs (LESS ECONOMICALLY DEVELOPED COUNTRIES)  to utilize effective solid waste management by:

  1. administering advanced filtration systems that remove waste from large bodies of water such as:
    1. passive Filtration Systems implemented at river-waterbody intersections, that filter large, medium-sized debris and waste from water bodies, 
    2. enhanced Microfiltration, a membrane filtration device of collodion and cellulose acetate manipulation,
  2. encouraging the modern, strengthened, and scientifically sound sewage systems to be introduced, which would reduce the output of impermeable surfaces by:  
    1. the introduction of permeable surfaces to allow water to be drained into the soil before returning to its watersheds and maintaining the plastic waste on the ground,
    2. Improving or constructing conventional concrete streets, asphalt roads that do not have drainage capability that leads to runoff containing possible microplastic waste, 
  3. prioritizing coastal Member States which lack efficient infrastructure for waste management, and river banks in East Asia and Central Africa, as those nations feed 90% of plastic pollution into large water bodies;

 

2. Encourages Member States financially developed enough to promote economically manageable recycling programs to do so, instead of direct landfilling, while taking the national financial status of Member States and expected environmental outcomes into account, in their regions with the assistance of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for effective and sustainable waste management by: 

  1. recycling and reusing non-biodegradable products to eventually transform them into useful materials 
  2. broadening the facilities for recycling, such as recycling bins and centers, and management and monitoring of wastelands by the ministries of environment and urbanization in governments to establish resource-efficient cycles,
  3. setting campaigns organized by governments to provide profit for inhabitants, in which the amount will be determined by each government regarding their financial state, in exchange for following and complying with the rules and regulations for recycling;

 

3. Asks Member States to create and enforce laws to limit the amount of non-biodegradable waste created by privatized companies by keeping to the standards established and monitored by organizations such as but not limited to World Health Organization (WHO) through:

  1. transitioning into using more renewable energy sources such as solar power, hydroelectric power, in producing energy so that the volume of non-biodegradable waste can be diminished,
  2. requesting assistance from organizations such as World Bank and IFC (International Finance Corporation),
  3. petitioning other countries that are more economically and technologically developed in environmentally methods, such as Germany and Sweden, to cooperatively assign their expert staff to departments in LEDCs who are less developed in sustainable environmental methods in order to set an example in the financial markets of these nations;

4. Calls for comprehensive government waste management policies to be enacted in order to improve waste management practices and technologies such as:

  1. government policies including macro-level funding for best in practice waste processing technology including power generation from waste processing, funding on a regional and local level, to  ensure the use of appropriate waste collecting equipment such as dump trucks and waste storage where required along with the re-training of personnel in new policy goals such as the effective recycling and segregation of waste, 
  2. enforceable guidelines, created and implemented in accordance with the state’s existing legislation, for waste that is disposed of in breach of regulations and or illegally dumped in which the specification of legal dumping grounds should be done avoiding any confusion and instead directs citizens to specific areas where they can dispose of their waste; 

 

5. Further encourages all non-LEDC member states to pursue the reduction of all single-use plastic waste to near 0 as a long-term plan, by the implementation of the suggested steps of promoting the delivery of cost-free, reusable, eco-friendly carrier bag alternatives by the Member States by increasing the price of plastic bags so that individuals in LEDCs preferably use non-plastic bags, and thus the resulting ban of single-use plastic bags by the year 2040;

 

6. Promotes LEDCs to pursue the same goals set by the resolution itself by establishing both long and short term goals reevaluated considering the status of the Member States in order to be applicable within these nations by methods such as getting assistance by monetary organizations such as but not limited to:

  1. World Bank, 
  2. International Finance Corporation (IFC), 
  3. local organizations, 
  4. NGOs;

 

7. Requests the administration and implementation of a monitoring system formed inside a sub-branch of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) infrastructures into Member States which would:

  1. observe how waste products are handled and transformed and which organizations undertake these processes in the nations where waste management is insufficient or nations that receive  waste products from the other Member States, 
  2. determine whether these non-biodegradable wastes enter the Member States from international sources in illegal ways and if so:
    1. take actions by regulating and limiting this transportation by strengthening borders and checkpoints with law enforcement officers from the affiliated nations in which the arrivals and departures take place,
    2. locate the routes that these products enter the countries;

 

8. Invites all willing Member States to replicate the Nationally Defined Contributions (NDCs) within the Paris Agreement with;

  1. strengthening the relationship with The Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection to lead by 2030 to a 50% decline in the worldwide use of plastics and microplastics by,
    1. suggesting an environmental regulation that would state  on single-use plastics,
  2. hopes of re-emphasizing the need for a circular economy by 2030, taking a hold of the fact the control of products that are impossible and dangerous to recycle is beyond the expertise of the Member States.