RESOLUTION ECO 321

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to reduce non-biodegradable wastes

SUBMITTED BY: Libya

CO-SUBMITTERS:Austria, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Thailand.

STATUSRejected

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL,

Recognizing “non-biodegradable waste” as waste material that does not decompose, decay or dissolve by natural means in less than a millenia, 

Acknowledging that “non-biodegradable plastics” are derived from petrochemicals,

Noting the Declaration of Prevention, Reduction, and Reuse of Food Waste Nairobi 2016,

Further noting the Declaration on Marine Plastic Litter and Microplastics Nairobi 2016 which was based on the issue of limiting the marine plastic litter and microplastics,

Aware of the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal,

Recognizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,

Further recognizing the twelfth Sustainable Development Goal “Responsible Consumption and Production,”

Bearing in mind the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter in 1972 and its 1996 Protocol,

Taking into account the United Nations presentation on “Combating Transnational Trafficking of Waste” in terms of a definition of illegal waste transfer,

  1. Asks for the creation of the International Fund for Biodegradable Availability (IFBA), a United Nations Organization (UNO), which would:
    1. provide funds to Less Economically Developed Countries’ (LEDCs) governments to create enterprises that have available biodegradable materials, to extract them and produce items to replace non-biodegradable ones with the aim of:
      1. generating job opportunities for regions with unemployment
      2. utilizing the resources of LEDCs to boost their economy
      3. granting accessibility to cheaper biodegradable materials by creating surpluses
    2. tackle corruption by:
      1. requiring UN inspectors be allowed to monitor transactions of public sector officials involved in such projects, as well as to monitor and report potential mislabeling of waste products
      2. requiring nations, governments, among other jurisdictions to prepare a detailed scheme to implement this resolution on a local level
      3. working with local governments where corruption is easier to monitor, with the permission of the host nation
    3. accept funding from member states that are interested in investing in this project
    4. create waste to energy factories, aiming to use the power obtained in the industries of LEDC countries
    5. provide remaining funds to organisations like “Green Tech Cluster Styria GmbH”, “International Living Future Institute”, and others who use their resources to research about waste management and reduction;
  2. Suggests utilizing funds obtained from the IFBA to incentivize and reward individuals with technological assistance that can improve their current situation in relation to the consumption of non-biodegradable plastics by providing scholarships from 50.000 USD to 200.000 USD in funding to scientists in universities that can volunteer to offer their services for this case, to college students with the aim of nurturing their knowledge and incentivizing them to discover more significant advancements which can only be destined in more advanced and detailed research;
  3. Suggests a decreased tax decided upon by each member state according to their economic development, to firms upon upholding an agreed-upon contract between government and firms regarding recycling waste, giving economic incentives to recycle rather than pollute;
  4. Calls for taxation of 15% or more on the use of popular non-biodegradable resources per region, to reduce its consumption in regions that:
    1. have a per-capita GDP greater than 30.000 USD based on their purchasing power parity,
    2. have a per-capita GDP lower than 30.000 USD, but still, optionally decide to apply it if the nation believes they are capable of sustaining it;
  5. Further calls for utilizing the taxation revenue to create subsidies on biodegradable materials that can replace the non-biodegradable ones, by identifying the more accessible biodegradable materials in the region and applying a corresponding percentage according to the whole earnings made from taxation mentioned in clause 4;
  6. Endorses the creation of an Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), to act as a body to provide certification for the reuse of waste in manufacturing methods:
    1. the NGO will be able to provide a certification that can be publicly displayed, indicating that the firm is making significant use of recycled materials in its manufacturing methods
    2. the certification will only be granted after:
      1. a rigorous inspection by the organisation regarding the firm and its production methods
      2. at least 50% of the materials used in the production process must either be biodegradable or recycled
      3. the production methods should not produce any non-biodegradable waste that is not reused
    3. the NGO should also engage in a large marketing campaign to raise awareness about itself and the certification it provides and thus the positive impact using the products it approves can have on the planet
    4. member states should implement a law of awareness which requires firms that are not certified by the NGO to display the impact of consumption showing images such as but not limited to: 
      1. the Pacific Garbage Patch
      2. rivers filled with plastic;
  7. Promotes the usage of Social Impact Bonds, an effective public-private partnership that grants financing via performance-based contracts as a way of financing small waste management projects like the ones proposed by NGOs like WasteAid International, these including but not limited to:
    1. training on implementation of community level circular economy projects
    2. mirroring projects that have already had success in recycling plastic;
  8. Recommends member states provide economic incentives to create public transport systems as opposed to promoting personal vehicles after eradicating the Coronavirus pandemic, reducing demand for petroleum products, production decreases as well with plastic production, by the cancellation of debt borrowed from the World Bank pertaining specifically to this project and offering reduced prices to loyal customers;