RESOLUTION ECO 323

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to reduce non-biodegradable wastes

SUBMITTED BY: Netherlands

CO-SUBMITTERS:Latvia, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Switzerland, Thailand.

STATUSApproved

 

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL,

 

Keeping in mind the important role the manufacturing of non-biodegradable items plays in the global economy,

 

Deeply concerned by the negative impact of non-biodegradable waste on biodiversity and especially marine life,

 

Realizing the importance of combating land and marine pollution,

 

Defining LEDCs as Less Economically Developed Countries,

 

Defining CSR as Corporate Social Responsibility of a firm,

 

1. Endorses the creation of a Non-Governmental Organization, the International Waste Management Organization (IWMO) to act as a body to provide certification for the reuse of waste in manufacturing methods that will:

    1. provide a certification that can be publicly displayed, indicating that the firm is making significant use of recycled materials in its manufacturing methods,
    2. grant certification only after the completion of a rigorous inspection procedure by the organization, whereby founded that 50% or more of the raw materials used in the product are reused and the volume of waste generated is at a minimum or reused as well,
    3. engage in a large marketing campaign to raise awareness about itself and the certification it provides and thus the positive impact using the products it approves can have on the planet;

 

2. Recommends the funding of the construction and operation of waste management infrastructures in all countries, by the IWMO, which will work in cooperation with member governments in order to:

    1. develop a set program detailing the 4 steps of waste management and how they apply to the said member state,
    2. monitor the facilities by a centralized system in the said member state,
    3. train waste management employees on how to operate machinery beforehand who will be expected to:
      1. be well-informed about waste management, 
      2. suggest ways to combat pollution, 
      3. give talks at local schools to raise awareness;

 

3. Suggests the governments of member states to initiate market surveys that conclude on production prices for plastic and reusable bags manufacturers and then pass legislation on gradually increasing taxes on items in the span of 5 years, such as but not limited to:

    1. plastic bags by percentages that are in accord with the country’s current economic status,
    2. plastic bottles by percentages that are in accord with the country’s current economic status decided through the market surveys by 2031;

 

4. Encourages ​member nations to provide subsidies, with the help of the IWMO for LEDC’s, to public and private recycling firms or firms pursuing environmentally friendly production processes such as but not limited to:

    1. usage of biodegradable resources,
    2. expanding its CSR in terms of afforestation or awareness,
    3. reusing the water/power used in the first round of production,
    4. usage of solar, geothermal, hydroelectric, tidal, wave, wind, or other renewable energy sources in the production process that pursues carbon neutrality;

 

5. Calls for the creation of a research and development program on microplastics and nano plastics that will entail but is not limited to the following:

    1. developing technologies and machinery to detect micro-and nano plastics as well as distinguish between them,
    2. developing a risk assessment to evaluate the detrimental effects of micro and nano plastics on the environment;

 

6. Urges the establishment of international criteria that member states are recommended to follow describing waste collection based on criteria which will include factors such as but not limited to:

    1. separate collection of each source of waste,
    2. source categorization,
    3. separate storage for each source of waste,
    4. Member States should come up with their own waste separation strategy however it is recommended that they refer to the criteria.