RESOLUTION ECO 333

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to reduce non-biodegradable wastes

SUBMITTED BY: France

CO-SUBMITTERS:China, Gabon, Liberia, Mali, Norway, Turkmenistan, UNDP.

STATUSApproved

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE,

 

Defining non-biodegradable waste as “a substance not capable of being broken down by the action of living organisms, and acts as a source of pollution”,

 

Noting with deep concern that only 9% of plastic produced ends up being recycled,

 

Alarmed by the continuous production of 3.5 million metric tons of plastic daily, 

 

Further alarmed by the 8 million tons of plastic waste that enter the ocean each year, and that a total of 5.25 trillion pieces of plastic waste are currently estimated to be in our oceans

 

Emphasizing the need to replace non-biodegradable materials with reusable materials in daily life,

 

Expressing its appreciation to the Green Education Fund for encouraging eco-friendly lifestyles to the youth,

 

Guided by the 12th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) which states “Responsible Consumption and Production” and emphasizing that point 12.5 reads as “By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse”,

 

Aware of increasing global temperatures due to climate change which is partially the result of plastic production, 

 

Condemning the mismanagement of plastic waste, 

 

Reminding about existing biodegradable alternatives such as recycled cardboard and paper, agave, milk protein, liquid wood, and biodegradable polyesters,

 

  1. Urges all More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs)to provide their aid in the global cooperative approach in order to achieve the 12th SDG, by means such as but not limited to:
    1. Providing guidelines for large Multinational Corporations (MNCs), enforced by government-employed field specialists in order to:
      1. Re-strategize product packaging and implementing the utilization of biodegradable material
      2. Understand the origin of industrial waste produced by individual MNCs on a case-by-case basis
    2. Working in close collaboration with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in order to:
      1. Establish programs for waste management in Least Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) with the aim of providing sustainable reuse of non-biodegradable materials
      2. Focus a specific effort on individual LEDCs in order to guide a cohesive response to the 12th SDG;
  2. Calls for nations to promote recycling and safe disposal of non-biodegradable waste through methods such as:
    1. Introducing a procedure countries need to follow in order to dispose of the non-biodegradable waste by:
      1. Hiring industry experts to ensure the waste is disposed of correctly
      2. Training factory employees to  dispose safely and properly non-biodegradable waste 
    2. Lowering the cost of recycling waste through ways such as but not limited to:
      1. Encouraging technological businesses to work with recycling MNCs to decrease the cost of such technologies
      2. Urging Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and governments to support this field more through funding
    3. Setting consequences for MNCs that wrongfully dispose of non-biodegradable waste in ways such as but not limited to:
      1. Imposing government allocated fines on the MNCs
      2. Banning future production of related products
    4. Implementing and normalizing the deposit collection system in nations, using recycling machines in which create the incentive to recycle in places such as:
      1. Supermarkets
      2. Metro stations
      3. Train stations;

3. Encourages nations to collaboratively create a large scale pyrolysis project, accessible to both MEDCs and LEDCs, with the goal of transforming non-recyclable plastic into fuel which can be implemented by:

    1. Encouraging recycling companies to collaborate with Pyrolysis Companies to increase the effectiveness of recycling in ways such as creating a system in which recycling companies transport the non-recyclable plastics to their local pyrolysis company
    2. Helping pyrolysis companies rent pyrolysis machinery to recycling companies through the collaboration between pyrolysis manufacturing companies and recycling companies
    3. Asking the Green Climate Fund to assist with the financial aspect of pyrolysis to allow all nations, including LEDCs to partake in sustainable recycling and  implement adequate filters to reduce air pollution;

 

4. Requests all member states to collaborate closely with state and private media corporations to develop informative campaigns with the aims of reducing citizen produced domestic waste through means such as but not limited to:

    1. Promoting nations with high levels of domestic waste to introduce novel physical and virtual information with the aims of:
      1. Giving citizens the proper educational background on recycling to understand the issue at hand
      2. Encouraging those citizens to their right to dispose of waste effectively and efficiently
      3. Creating a positive communal outlook and therefore a response to this issue
      4. Educating global citizens on not just why to recycle but how one must do so
    2. Strengthening already developed campaigns for MEDCs in order to:
      1. Further, promote proper waste management amongst all citizens within the nation
      2. Provide an accurate government source for information related to recycling;

5. Urges all member nations to create policies to disincentivize the purchase of non-biodegradable waste by:

    1. Implementing a small tax on all products containing non-biodegradable materials,
    2. Prohibiting any private financial incentives to purchase said products, such as but not limited to:
      1. Discounts
      2. Coupons
      3. Advertisements
    3. Promoting biodegradable alternatives by:
      1. Encouraging the purchase of these alternatives,
      2. Encouraging member states to subsidized biodegradable materials.