RESOLUTION ECO121

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to counter unemployment, especially female unemployment

SUBMITTED BY: Mexico

CO-SUBMITTERS:Finland, Greenpeace, Kenya, Liberia, Latvia, Madagascar.

STATUSApproved

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL,

Aware of the serious impact of unemployment on the likelihood of depression and substance abuse,

Alarmed by the increase in global unemployment as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic,

Recognizing the UN’s fifth Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of gender equality,

Concerned that the global unemployment gap between men and women continues to increase,

Acknowledging that women’s jobs are 1.8 times more vulnerable to dismissal than men’s jobs,

  1. Urges the governments of all member states to expand publicly funded daycare centers and nurseries in order to provide opportunities for new families to return to work by achieving the following:
    1. providing proper care for the children of working parents by:
      1. Increasing utility and availability of resources by budget-planning
      2. Introduction of stable insurance plans for individuals with one or more children
    2. encourage job prospects for women by:
      1. Introducing a Zero-Tolerance policy against harassment in order to increase the overall safety of the work environment
      2. Mandatory and fully paid maternity leaves for pregnant women in order to secure their employment
      3. Enforcing affirmative action to control the ratio of male to female employees
    3. provide the needed resources for poorer families such as:
      1. food vouchers to cover the cost of school meals
      2. school materials including stationary and art supplies;

 

  1. Asks that member states collaborate to create a United Nations Technological Accessibility Programme (UNTAP), which would:
    1. help cover partial cost for transitioning businesses and employees online by:
      1. allowing business owners to apply for grants to aid them in moving operations online through establishing web services
      2. allowing employees who could work online but don’t have the tools to apply for grants to assist on paying for technological tools critical to their job
    2. create online courses in conjunction with global education nonprofits and educators, in order to:
      1. provide accessible and affordable degrees in professions that can be done remotely, allowing individuals to adapt to job requirements caused by the pandemic
      2. encourage more individuals to enroll in online courses in the medical field, to help with the rising demand of jobs in medical professions due to the pandemic
    3. create financial incentives for families to support higher female education within families
    4. offer online financial literacy training to open up new opportunities for people in the workforce;

 

  1. Encourages governments to expand the number of local businesses to provide employment opportunities through methods such as, but not limited to:
    1. providing easy access to small business loans and/or grants in order to set up in low cost enterprise-processing zones
    2. offering business development classes at community education programs and colleges in order to educate individuals on business activities and processes
    3. reducing the process that individuals must go through to start businesses, specifically:
      1. making it easier for citizens to have gain access to electricity as this is vital for the start-up of any business
      2. easing the regulations for trading across borders
      3. progressive tax policies in order to establish flexible pricing systems when setting up low-cost premises;
  1. Strongly urges a reduction in the number of sweatshops globally, especially in Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) by:
    1. providing tax exemptions and subsidies to businesses that operate in the renewable industry
    2. encouraging employment based on affirmative action, setting quotas for the number of females working in large industries such as the energy market
    3. funding employment agencies and combating gender discrimination in the workplace;
  1. Ensuring an equal education for all, especially focusing on females in LEDCs by:
    1. encouraging public education in LEDCs
    2. initiating stricter law enforcement against violence in LEDCs, to prevent females from being a subject to violence whilst traveling by foot to school
    3. raising awareness on female rights and discouraging discrimination;
  1. Decides to remain actively seized upon the matter.