RESOLUTION ECO123

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to counter unemployment, especially female unemployment

SUBMITTED BY: Paraguay

CO-SUBMITTERS:China, France, Luxembourg, Pakistan, Russian Federation, UN-Women, Zimbabwe.

STATUSApproved

The Economic and Social Council

Noting that less than 40% of unemployed women who lost their job because of COVID-19 were able to take their jobs’ back meanwhile this percentage is 58% for men,

Observing that in the first quarter of 2020, women employees earned 80.4% of what men earned,

Affirming that according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics among the 115.9 million full-time workers earning wages or a salary in the country, particularly median earnings for women were $857 while median earnings for men totaled $1,066,

Recognizing that the International Labour Organisation (ILO) brings together governments, employers and workers, to set labour standards and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men,

  1. Recommends the revision of state’s existing legislation, in order to tackle mistreatment and unequal work opportunities in ways such as, but not limited to:
    1. supervision of a team created by UN organizations and member states aiming to ensure corporations’ compliance of treaties through:
      1. the drafting and proposal of country-specific recommendations regarding employment policies governments should follow
      2. tracking and monitoring of each countries’ progress on an annual basis, as they follow these recommendations
      3. facilitating cooperation between countries wishing to partake in bilateral investments or trade deals, expanding employment opportunities;
    2. setting national standards for employment policies such as a zero tolerance harassment policy;
  2. Strongly encourages governments to support underprivileged aspiring by:
    1. creating local education centers specifically aiming to teach citizens about entrepreneurship which will:
      1. help the individuals to find internship programmes to get started in their industry
      2. create a network for students when searching for employment opportunities
    2. applying tax reductions to citizens with small businesses to financially support them
    3. encouraging government-owned banks to give out loans to start-up businesses with lower interest rates;
  3. Encourages member nations to amend pre-existing legislation discouraging the dismissal of employees within companies, in ways such as but not limited to:
    1. financial and legal when employees are faced with dismissal for reasons such as discrimination of race, gender, age, or religion
    2. law enforcement in the form of retribution towards employers that dismiss their employees unreasonable in ways such as:
      1. fines
      2. arrests
  4. Requests member nations to encourage employment through reducing discrimination by means such as but not limited to:
    1. companies are required regarding salaries of employees and publish them in official documents to UN agencies,
    2. agencies are to be created within member nations on the subject of preventing workplace harassment
    3. all employees are to be encouraged to report any sort of harassment done by coworkers or managers;
  5. Further requests that all member nations come together to form a subcommittee known as the Committee for Maintenance of Sustainable Employment (CMSE), which will work specifically to combat the effects of increased unemployment as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, in ways such as, but not limited to:
    1. procuring finances in order to subsidize businesses most affected by the COVID
    2. working in close coordination with businesses directly involved in the work-from-home movement as a result of the pandemic;
  6. Calls upon the development of a software of comparison that would be applied in all companies, in order to ensure the reduction and future abolishment of  the gender segregation gap, by the following process in the system:
    1. in case of an unfair rejection the following would happen:
      1. when prejudice is evident during the interview process, the program will automatically send a report to the country’s ministry of labour
      2. once the report is sent, the ministry of labour would carry out a judicial process that investigates the case, to define the reasoning of the disqualification of the person, and indeed whether this person deserves the job or not
      3. the ministry would give the job to the person
    2. in the case of fair rejection, the following would happen:
      1. anyone rejected at their job interview with a completely fair treatment can request the program a file with all the information referring to the job resume,
      2. the program will send an email with all the information regarding the reasons why the applicant was rejected eliminating speculation of unfair rejection
    3. the software would be developed and applied as following:
      1. In LEDC’s where technology is at limited access there will be centers with access to this application,
      2. In MEDC’s these centers will be also available while most people will have access by various tools.