RESOLUTION ECO131

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Measures to counter unemployment, especially female unemployment

SUBMITTED BY: Argentina

CO-SUBMITTERS:Benin, Botswana, Austria, Armenia, Finland, DR Congo, Brazil, Luxembourg, Mali, Jamaica.

STATUSPassed

The Economic and Social Council,

Conscious that 46% of the workforce is made up of parents with children under the age of 18, and maternity/paternity leave longer than 12 weeks is only available to 11% of those workers,

 

Taking into consideration women are disproportionately represented among the economically disadvantaged and need more help than men in acquiring sustainable livelihoods,

 

Supporting the actions of multiple member states and organizations to minimize female unemployment and aiming to achieve gender equality,

 

Alarmed by the negative implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on employment,

 

Acknowledging the significance of the 2030 Agenda of Sustainable Development, specifically the 5th Sustainable Development Goal about Gender Equality,

 

  1. Encourages all United Nations entities to mainstream gender issues in employment, integrating the special needs of women into their programs and policies towards solving unemployment by:
    1. Collaborating globally to create projects in the form of training programs to assist female graduates from disadvantaged groups with finding jobs and adjusting to the labor market
    2. increasing the outreach programs and studies on unemployed women to include data in UN Women’s annual reports, asking questions such as but not limited to:
      1. demographic characteristics of the job seekers
      2. obstacles faced when becoming entrepreneurs
    3. planning special events centered on the theme of female employment;
  2. Urges all employers to impose measures that will support single-parent employees through was such as but not limited to:
    1. the integration of childcare benefits into employee compensation, allowing access to caregivers for employees working certain shifts
    2. paid maternity and paternity leave creating job security
    3. covering abortions in company health insurance for female employees
    4. arranging mandatory meetings and workshops for willing male employees that consist of the amelioration of their knowledge of household skills including cooking and cleaning;
  3. Strongly urges the creation of an international campaign that will aim to raise awareness on the matter of male and female unemployment in the form of:
    1. educational content in the media about unemployment and measures to tackle the issue, as well as informing female students on equality and women unemployment
    2. lectures and conferences that will educate the public on female unemployment and equality, specifically targeting students
    3. providing financial support packages, including direct cash-transfers, expanded unemployment benefits, tax breaks, and expanded family and child benefits for vulnerable women and their families who have been affected by COVID 19 by:
      1. giving specific grants, funding as well as state-backed loans to women-owned and -led businesses that will function as an economic relief
      2. implementing gender-responsive social protection systems such as affordable and quality childcare services to support income security for women;
  4. Suggests that the UN creates a sub-branch under UN Women named Women Empowering Unit, working along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) that will be established in the Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) with the purpose of introducing older women as well as an adolescent to work-life, educate them about leadership, employment, and life-skills, and to economically empower them through:
    1. Workshops in regions where there is a high percentage of uneducated women where these women will be helped with the following:
      1. teaching skills that they can use to become self-sustaining, such as craftsmanship, sewing, and stitching
      2. early childhood care and education training for women who wish to become teachers
      3. computer training to create a skillset needed for jobs
      4. mentorship programs supported by influential women in different industries
      5. make use of pre-existing skills including arts and crafts for creating new job opportunities;
    2. Creating a sufficient number of on-site childcare units for the children of women attending vocational training which will include:
      1. breastfeeding rooms
      2. a doctor present at all times
      3. professionalized female teachers and childcare workers supported by UNICEF;
    3. Encouraging women interested in STEM to enter the industry by:
      1. introducing them to current research, research tools, techniques, and terminology in STEM
      2. exploring and preparing female community college students for apprenticeship opportunities in STEM-related faculties
      3. providing experience preparing resumes and completing internship and job applications
      4. developing writing and critical analysis skills of scientific papers;
  5. Asks that States improve and increase women’s socio-economic conditions through:
    1. expansion of employment opportunities with national policies that prioritize investments made in the sectors where women workers are concentrated and introduce measures that help the employment of women from vulnerable groups
    2. creating opportunities for the improvement of financial literacy and training women on financial matters such as taking a loan or mortgage
    3. access to resources, including microcredit, new technologies, and agricultural input by:
      1. adopting policies to increase the number of microcredit and microfinance institutions in order to provide for the strong demand for financial services
      2. offering the clients of credit institutions, especially women, other basic services that are pivotal to their well-being and entrepreneurial success
      3. providing microcredit services and programs with lower interest rates to female clients;
    4. improving pre-existing credit programs that will be providing small loans for the self-employed such as sole proprietorships as well as encouraging private-sector investment in female employment with a focus on:
      1. providing positive incentive schemes for repayment such as requiring borrowers to form groups among their peers and accept joint responsibility in repaying the loan
      2. offering small loans that can be repaid in weekly installments over a period of one or a decided amount of years
      3. improving public investment should target SDG sectors and be made conditional on social and environmental performance
      4. regional initiatives that can help spur private investment in cross-border infrastructure projects and regional clusters of firms in SDG sectors.