RESOLUTION ECO212

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Developing a minimum welfare state in all countries

SUBMITTED BY: Iran

CO-SUBMITTERS:Bolivia, Botswana, Gabon, Jamaica, Libya, Panama, Solomon Islands, World Bank.

STATUSRejected

Recalling a compilation of United Nations named Economics and Social challenges and Opportunities published in 2020, in which it mentioned building welfare states as a way to improve equality in productivity and growth as well as an effective method to achieve SDGs,

Noting the short but quickly-improved history of the welfare state, covered with a variety of welfare policies like social insurance and basic medical care, have already evolved into three totally different types of welfare states,

Recognizing the benefits of setting up a minimum welfare state not only include a reduction of poverty and increased economic performance, but also comprise a sense of well-being and happiness of individuals,

Bearing in mind that developing a minimum welfare state and improving the welfare system is not only an economic action to improve the economic performances of the state, but also social activities to ensure and promote all kinds of human rights,

Concerned that only state nations include Nordic Countries (Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, and Finland), Germany, France, and Netherlands have already built welfare states,

 

  1. Asks all Member States to cooperate in order to cite a specific and scientific definition of minimum welfare state, which points attention to the following conditions:
    1. healthcare,
    2. education,
    3. economic productivity,
    4. employment opportunity,
    5. social safety net and particularly for vulnerable populations;
  2. Suggests the implementation of a flat income tax policy to avoid poverty trap due to a progressive income tax policy and to avoid wealth inequality as propelled by other tax policies, adapted to suit each member nation according to their economic development;
  3. Encourages the implementation of a low corporate tax policy to encourage an even greater job creation through increased investment as per theory;
  4. Employs member nations to establish an administrative agency in their own government, to cooperate in managing a member country’s welfare affairs through:
    1. The assessment of the total amount of money used by the country for welfare, which would:
      1. establish effective communication streams between member nations through a central,
      2. hire Employers and employees through a central communication network facilitated through the International Welfare Agency,
      3. work for ensuring a healthy and safe work environment for the employees,
    2. produce annual reports aimed at assessing the efficiency of minimum welfare states ensuring the following:
      1. Overseeing that countries are taking action towards creating a minimum welfare system, 
      2. Providing a yearly report on welfare states that are both developed and that are developing;
  5. Further calls the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) to contact and organize experts in relevant fields to visit developing countries (especially the 50 least developing countries) who will be responsible for: 
    1. field researching the countries’ economic status,
    2. providing professional help in public affairs such as medical treatment and education;
  6. Urges UN member states to develop necessary laws and regulations to ensure the human rights of their citizens are being protected and as such the voice and will of their citizens concerning matters related to their country are heard by means such as but not limited to:
    1. ensuring fair and free elections that are inclusive as well as transparent by:
      1. making sure everyone has an equal opportunity to be a contender,
      2. safeguarding the right for every adult citizen to vote,
      3. setting an upper limit for campaign spendings, depending on the status in each respective country,
      4. ensuring all citizens have equal access to a designated voting location and that they are within reasonable distance,
    2. calling for member states to ensure freedom of press as well as honest media, in order for citizens to be able to research social issues as well as forming their own opinions on various matters;
  7. Suggests  all UN member states to ensure basic services in preschools, primary schools, lower and upper secondary schools that will aid children and ensure that all children and teenagers can complete their schooling despite for example the financial situation of their family by means such as but not limited to;
    1. providing students with their basic school supplies free as charge, such as but not limited to pencils, erasers, rulers and notebooks,
    2. offering basic healthcare services that would be available to all students, regarding sexual health and regular check-ups, that would entail a physical as well as a basic psychological check-up conducted by local authorities;
    3. building infrastructure within regions lacking in educational facilities, through means such as but not limited to:
      1. Materials for infrastructure are to be sourced from the local region,
      2. Materials that may not be obtained within the local region or require potentially difficult manufacturing processes, such as erasers, they are to be bought from external sources,
      3. Workers infrastructure are to be hired from within the local region and to be given appropriate compensation,
      4. Infrastructure built are to include the buildings for the school, including water and electrical services, as well as paved roads to connect schools to the nearby area,
    4. Staff that may not be available such as electrical engineers or doctors are to be brought from external countries, which have as a priority to be placed on staff table to speak the appropriate language,
    5. Parents of families are to be provided financial incentive to send children under the age of 15 to educational facilities, in form of a monthly monetary incentive of 10% of the average family income of the nation with a minimum of 40 USD per child under the age of 15 placed in education;
  8. Strongly urges governments to introduce the policies and regulation in order to address the problems adhering to market failure in ways such as but not limited to:
    1. Have a national job market database in order to allow all citizens to seek jobs efficiently and effectively, through which citizens those seek jobs and application can get access to the database at regional government offices or online,
    2. Monitoring firms by conducting welfare and proper conduct checks, referring to the ethicality, production methods and quality of the work environment, in ways such as but not limited to:
      1. having each firm to be checked up once a year by government officers and professional consultants where advices would be given,
      2. requiring monthly document regarding employment fees of each firm to be submitted at government offices or online,
    3. Adjusting price controls according to the rate of inflation and market prices in forms of price ceiling predominantly to disencourage consumption of goods or services that generate negative externality.