RESOLUTION ECO221

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Developing a minimum welfare state in all countries

SUBMITTED BY: Colombia

CO-SUBMITTERS:Argentina, Austria, China, Finland, Latvia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Montenegro, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia.

STATUSRejected

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

 

Noting that 9.2% of the world, which is 689 million people, are estimated to live in extreme poverty on $1.90 or less a day, 

 

Fully aware that welfare state is essential for economic success and political stability,

 

Emphasizing that the International monetary fund international labour org said the development of minimum welfare state will help mitigate poverty and poor economic performance in nations that are plagued by these issues,

 

Convinced that developing minimum welfare states would improve overall quality of life,

 

Concerned that 4 billion people, approximately ¼ of the world’s entire population, did not benefit from social protection this year,

 

Taking into consideration that better individual social welfare and allows for nations to focus on the development of modern technologies that would promote further advancement to society,

 

Defining essential medicines as those that the World Health Organization outlines as medicines that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population, and that are listed on the “WHO Model List of Essential Medicines,

 

Noting that the effects of the Indonesia “Program Keluarga Harapan”, with help from the World Bank, showed a decrease in child health issues and an increase in education enrollment rates,

 

Defining low income as persons who earn less than, or at least not significantly more than, the poverty level; that have less disposable incomes than others; and in occasion fail to pay their bills,

 

Regrets the negative implication that the COVID-19 pandemic has caused on international welfare states,

 

Recognizing the success in aiding social welfare programs that the Social Protection Systems in Latin America and the Caribbean have provided

 

  1. Urges the creation of a new “International Program of Education and Well-Being” overseen by UN organizations UNICEF and the World Bank for the purpose of aiding people under the poverty line through actions such as, but not limited to:
    1. improving education systems along with the literacy rate of minors in a state through:
      1. a monthly monetary incentive of 10% of the average family income of the nation with a minimum of 40 USD per child under the age of 15 placed in education,
      2. increasing the quantity and quality of education alongside governments’ support in the recruitment and training of teachers, through online seminars led by trained professionals from UNICEF;
    2. developing a more effective online education system by:
      1. placing more cellular towers in areas with little to no access to the internet
      2. implementing a sustainable back-up program to maintain affordable and effective education in the case of a pandemic
      3. bettering public education funds in order to make portable laptop devices more accessible to low-income families; 
    3. establishing protection systems and laws in which racial minority groups and members of the LGBTQ+ community have access to basic resources; 
    4. adopting systems that protect the rights of disabled citizens in:
      1. Employment
      2. Education
      3. Access to basic needs and resources;
  2. Calls upon the international community, in order to allow those living under the poverty line to increase their income, to establish the following:
    1. offering more job opportunities by:
      1. financially supporting local businesses to offer more local jobs
      2. creating or increasing tariffs on businesses based in the state that conduct manufacturing or other services in another state;
    2. increase the minimum wage of the state to a living wage;
    3. providing subsidized housing for citizens
      1. Citizens who qualify for subsidized housing must already be employed or acquire employment within the first 3 months of occupation 
      2. Governments will grant citizens subsidized housing for the first year of employment, and household must be reviewed yearly to see if subsidized housing is still necessary; 
  3. Endorses all member nations, especially less economically developed  countries (LEDC’s) to improve health care systems, which will consequently help strengthen a country’s welfare states, through means such as but not limited to:
    1. employing health officers from local communities (roughly one healthcare officer for 1,500 people) to provide primary, but essential care to communities by receiving qualifications through completing less intensive, yet still thorough training, which would include, monthly refresher courses to keep health care workers in treatment
    2. adopting the use of mobile telephony in more LEDC’s to increase the scope of extensively trained health workers
    3. establishing ‘urban call centres’ to act as hubs to increase the impact local health officers are able to have as it would provide them with more advanced clinical support;
    4. providing more access to public health that will cover all basic needs in ways such as but not limited to:
      1. relieving the financial stress of costly medical assistance for low-income families
      2. the purchasing of prescription drugs outside of the state, decreasing the prices of such while making them more accessible
      3. abolish tariffs on essential medicines transported by the World Health Organization (WHO), in order to make them more affordable and be transported faster, such as the COVID-19 vaccine;
    5. placing emphasis on the 1st and 3rd Social Development Goals (SDG) through encouraging:
      1. MEDCs to implement healthcare systems that ensure affordable healthcare to all citizens
      2. LEDCs to provide with essential health services as well as basic vaccines, immunizations, and medical supplies;
  4. Requests the establishment of a team of observers by the members of OHCHR to make sure that the Member States follow the International Humanitarian Law which will:
    1. Ask that Member States create specific complaint bodies in their respective Ministries of Justice to share their complaints about human right violations faced in their residing country and work closely with Member States to observe if any case of violation of the International Humanitarian Law happens;
    2. keep a record of all those incidents according to the different sub-issues of human rights in order to:
      1. have a better understanding of a Member State’s problems about the International Humanitarian Law
      2. compare data from all Member States to detect the ones that need most urgent attention;
    3. also be consisting of a sub-team that will come up with suggestions specific to the Member States to minimize human rights violations;
  5. Encourages the education of the citizens in all Member States to inform them about their humanitarian rights that will be a specific curriculum designed by the Member State which should be designated to improve the knowledge of the public on human rights and will follow the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by:
    1. organizing seminars every three months in all Member States which will:
      1. Prepare its content specific to each Member State in order to focus on more common issues in the Member State
      2. Get help from the experts of OHCHR while both creating content and presenting them
      3. Aim to make the citizens aware of human rights violations and motivate them to defend their rights by reporting the incidents that happen to them;
    2. giving a portion to human rights in the elementary school curriculum’s social studies lesson or a lesson that is equivalent to it while
      1. Making OHCHR determine some of the essential content that needs to be covered in the primary school period
      2. Working closely with the Ministries of Education in each Member State to alter the content every next year;
  6. Suggests all Member States to integrate/improve their social insurance policies:
      1. With the help of volunteering international insurance companies that will
        1. Offer their services with a reduced price 
        2. Send their experts in order to collaborate with and develop other existing insurance companies in the countries which lack enough insurance policies
        3. Be incentivized by reducing their taxes whose ratio will be left to the Member State’s decision; 
      2. By looking at other countries’ policies which are seen to be successful according to the states such as happiness and life satisfaction while:
        1. Keeping in mind the differences between the countries in the areas such as social life and economy while doing so,
        2. Closely following the process in order to detect if any alteration is necessary in the policies;
  7. Encourages the implementation of alternative financing methods in order to fund novel programs via:
    1. implementation of microcredit programs by governments in order to boost self-employment and entrepreneurship, as a way of creating a broader market,
    2. implementation of microcredit programs at an international level as financial aid from MEDCs to LEDCs, allowing some projects mentioned above to be able to get started.