RESOLUTION ECO231

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Developing a minimum welfare state in all countries

SUBMITTED BY: Australia

CO-SUBMITTERS:Angola, Canada, Liberia, Paraguay, United States of America, Zimbabwe.

STATUSRejected

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL, 

 

Deeply concerned about the lack of social security for disadvantaged groups in some nations and hoping to make a change through the consideration of this resolution,

Guided by the increased economic and social mobility that countries have received through the development of minimum welfare states,

Recalling past resolutions that aimed to make a considerable impact on development of a welfare state for disadvantaged people,

Keeping in mind the Copenhagen Declaration at the World Summit for Social Development that established a new argument that everyday citizens are to be put at the centre of financial, social and political development and that 117 heads of State pledged to abide by the declaration, 

Acknowledging that the creation of a Welfare State is a demanding task in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic but that it is now required due to the disproportionate number of people below the poverty line that have been affected, 

Acknowledging with regret that according to the World Health Organization (WHO) 800 million people are forced to spend over 10 percent of their household income on healthcare, 

Deeply disturbed that according to the International Labour Organization (ILO), approximately 4 billion people in the world live without Social Security,

Noting the World Health Organization’s initiative of ‘Universal Health Coverage’ as a means of providing universal basic healthcare to all people, 

  1. Recommends that all nations adopt a government managed form of ‘social protection’ program that enables its citizens to gain an adequate standards of living through the establishment of guidelines that: 
    1. Focus on key entities such as:
      1. The health of individuals and their families,
      2. Protection of individuals’ human rights to shelter, nourishment, education, privacy and freedom,
      3. The ability of an individual to gain access to employment and meet the minimum standard of wages/salary required to sustain oneself as defined under national guidelines subject to each member state, and moderated by the ILO,
      4. The ability of an individual to have access to technology and other fundamental resources such as water, electricity etc,
    2. Emphasize upon the importance of protecting those that are socially and financially deprived and vulnerable and achieving the aforementioned objectives through:
      1. Appropriate legislature and policy that creates schemes or initiatives to protect or provide financial or social assistance to those disadvantaged as a result of unemployment and physical and mental infirmity,
      2. Necessary infrastructure to establish a means of fulfillment,
      3. Multimodal forms of awareness to educate the general public,
      4. The encouragement of cooperation between governments of member nations in both bilateral and multilateral formats;
  2. Encourages all member nations to include appropriate social and financial policies and legislature, subject to nations’ internal circumstances through developing and enforcing policies that reduce pressures on those living under the poverty line, through the:
    1. Creation of children and family protection insurance schemes such that the development of children is prioritized,
    2. Implementation of industrial policies that foster competition and engages a larger part of the workforce, particularly those in cyclical or situation unemployment;
  3. Further recommends that member nations institute the following policies to provide health security, assistance and insurance to their populations, by:
    1. Varying the social insurance rates as per the net income of the family, number and age of family members and any known pre-existing health issues such that:
      1. Benefits are provided to the people who suffer from mental or physical disorders as a means to make any required medication available at subsidized rates by requesting funding from the WHO or other international bodies,
      2. Income for retirees in the form of social welfare, pensions, or assistance are provided based on their status of employability and their previous ability or inability to incrementally save their income,
    2. Agreeing to collaborate on achieving the goals set out by the WHO in the development of ‘Universal Health Coverage’ which could be done through:
      1. increasing funding into the Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs)  by the means of monetary, experiential, skill or any other suitable form of aid to maximize the national capability to tackle health issues,
      2. Collaborating on ad hoc regional forums created under the WHO and ILO as a means of increasing the flow of medical resources between neighbouring and within nations,
      3. Prioritizing the creation of medical infrastructure in the required LDCs, to be determined by a sub-committee under the WHO called the WHO Infrastructure, through requesting financial aid from volunteer MEDCs, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), World Bank Group (WBG) and other international organizations at low interest rates, to be determined by the nations or organizations themselves,
      4. Investing in the maintenance of child health care and spreading awareness to parents about the required nutrients and nourishment required for growing children at different ages by means of fliers, websites, school presentations or any others deemed suitable;
  4. Urges nations to first and foremost tackle the socioeconomic issues given the current ongoing crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic and to do so through the following three-pronged course of action which asks nations to:
    1. Understand the importance of universal access to healthcare services and immediate testing for the coronavirus, and hence provide free or inexpensive healthcare to best care for their citizens through:
      1. Subsidizing the price of coronavirus testing for people in need,
      2. Funding the supply or creation of medical or tablet banks that hold essential and common tablets at subsidized costs,
      3. Creating volunteering programs where volunteers can undergo brief vocational education in the field of coronavirus testing or treatment and help in low-risk or mild cases of the virus,
    2. Form sustainable methods of specialized care like the pediatric nutrition and maternal care through:
      1. Gauging the number of people who require specialized care through the conduction and analysis of a country-wide census,
      2. Increasing the appointment of neonatal, gynecological and pediatric specialists in public healthcare and incentivizing the private sector to do the same to the extent deemed appropriate as per the census results;
  5. Strongly urges the creation and enforcement of policies that aim to decrease unemployment in countries while also providing a living income for the unemployed disadvantaged populations such as elderly, and disabled through:
    1. Encouraging the formation of more job opportunities in all possible sectors as to reduce the overall unemployment rate itself through:
      1. Encouraging local entrepreneurship and financially supporting smaller entrepreneurial businesses and enterprises through subsidies or reduced corporate taxes,
      2. Offering vocational education programes to unemployed workers for preparation and later include them in the workforce,
      3. Expanding domestic production through diversification of trade exports dependent on specific country,
    2. Developing a means of calculating the appropriate minimum living wage for workers in entry-level jobs through consideration of factors such as, but not limited to:
      1. Scaled calculation based on the nation’s currency inflation rate, 
      2. The average cost of living,
      3. Cost of necessities and basic rations,
    3. Appealing for the development of schemes that fund the unemployed so that they can maintain living quality of life, with hopes of rejoining the workforce through:
      1. Installment of standards for the universal basic income and social assistance, providing financial aid to unemployed individuals based on the number of people that are reliant on them, so long as the worker is can prove that they are actively seeking employment,
      2. Increasing of partial taxes on the highest earners in the nation, one that is erasable by voluntary donations;
  6. Calls for the implementation of the ‘Education for All’ Agenda into discussions and practice through the creation of quality education systems during the pandemic such that the online learning of students is mobilized or the in-person learning systems are adjusted for safety measures by:
    1. Ensuring the creation of learning systems for children from poverty-stricken households or with learning disadvantages in an effort to provide the resources available at affordable prices for all diverse groups and to recognize the importance of a multi-sectoral approach to education that involves the collaboration of government, public and private schools through:
      1. holding virtual academic or non-academic exchanges between schools,
      2. encouraging privileged students to participate in resource creation so that students who don’t have access to simple textbooks can attend school and gain education,
      3. making use of open platforms to encourage students to attend workshops, courses and sessions in the case that staff to impart specialized skills aren’t readily available
      4. tying up with organizations that can offer scholarships to meritorious students under financial stress that can help fund trips and conferences for students with novel ideas and business models
    2. Acknowledging the importance of a high standard of teachers in the improving of education and noting that more teachers must be added to the workforce so that a larger number of students can be reached and that this can be done through:
      1. the availability of subsidized basic vocational courses under the educational sector for unemployed citizens to obtain smaller roles in such institutions
      2. raising the social profile of teachers, similar to that of Finland as a method of encouraging more applications towards teaching posts especially in areas that are deprived of teaching facilities;
  7. Requests member states to work closely in their attempts of developing digital devices and their supplements to facilitate the provision of accessible technology through:
    1. providing skill aid in the form of computer or technological engineering to citizens within the respective member states, through methods such as but not limited to:
      1. the provision of digital literacy workshops in the aforementioned institutions that targets basic, foundational skills in navigating through technology,
      2. greater focus on the employment of specialized staff in technological fields within institutions, 
      3. the promotion of organizations and student-led initiatives and drives that attempt to curb digital literacy issues and provide for basic devices to those with a lack of it,
      4. the promotion of subsidized workshops and lessons, that elderly citizens can enroll into, to attain focused knowledge on digital devices
    2. making infrastructure to promote technology more readily available through:
        1. small-scale funding from external organizations, or a reallocation of regional economy divisions to provide for basic technological setups such as computers and projectors in institutions lacking the same, so as to encourage greater student interest in developing these skills,
        2. encouraging the promotion of centers or hubs within states, that provides free internet connectivity, charging spaces and other such technological developments, that can be specifically useful for citizens unable to avail of the same,
        3. encouraging transportation and energy based industries to transition towards more sustainable means of development, for example the promotion of electric cars within nations;
  8. Encourages focused measures between states, in order to strengthen anti-corruption policies by implementing measures such as but not limited to:
    1. establishing measures to counter corruption within the member states in collaboration with the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) that include:
      1. regular, unannounced checks by UNCAC officials, within governmental offices of member nations to ensure no unjust activities are taking place,
      2. bringing to light external organizations already focusing on the reduction of corruption and encouraging regional governments to widen their scope of impact within respective regions
      3. increasing the frequency of corruption-specific conferences and meets between nations both at bilateral and multilateral levels
      4. placing greater focus on the enforcement of anti-corruption policies, subject to each member nation,
    2. promoting specific awareness regarding corruption existing in states by:
      1. spreading greater awareness among the general public through targeted campaigns and drives that stresses on the importance of reducing corruption,
      2. the inclusion of multimodal platforms in the propagation of this awareness, including radio programs, television advertisements, magazines, journals, short films, etc, in order to increase their impact on citizens;
  9. Promotes the incorporation of social and emotional counseling networks, in which teachers are trained via online seminars held by organizations like the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) on how to aid people facing emotional and mental struggles so that the knowledge gained by them can later be spread to members of the community, therefore:
    1. providing access to basic knowledge about the importance of healthcare in a nation that might not include it as part of their national health system,
    2. battling against the stigma towards people suffering from these conditions, whilst also generating a support system for them and therefore improving their wellbeing.