RESOLUTION ECO232

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Developing a minimum welfare state in all countries

SUBMITTED BY: Benin

CO-SUBMITTERS:Ethiopia, France, Guatemala, Nigeria, UNDP.

STATUSSubmitted

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

Regarding the problem of growing wealth inequality all throughout the world;

 

Noting the threat that vulture capitalism poses to social security in many nations,

 

Mindful of the fact that access to welfare is a global issue, and thus must be tackled through international-minded solutions

 

Bearing in mind the United Nations Economic and Social Council Resolution (297/WP/SDG/1), which states a ministerial declaration on generating full and productive employment and decent work for all,

 

Taking into consideration the C117 – Social Policy (Basic Aims and Standards) Convention carried out in 1962 by the International Labor Organization (No. 117),

 

Fully aware of the devastating economic and social effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and of its role as a determining factor for a further exponential increase in global unemployment,

 

Referring to Shanty Towns as  a deprived area on the outskirts of a town consisting of large numbers of crude dwellings.

 

Emphasizing the importance of the United Nations Department on Economic and Social Affairs Resolution, which stated the economic and social challenges and opportunities,

 

Taking into account the word “sufficient” as an adequate measure of resources to live a normal quality of life,

 

Bearing in mind “non-formal education” as an addition and/or a complement to formal education,

 

Taking note of “affordable housing” as household units that are accessible by that sector of society whose income is below the median income,

Acknowledging basic public services as access to electricity, running water and sewage systems

 

Recognizing “healthcare” as the organized provision of medical care to individuals,

 

  1. Encourages all Most Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) to create a public housing system in order to combat the rising issue of homelessness by constructing public housing complexes to be lent to the homeless population, with certain regulations by means such as but not limited to:
    1. applying resident must not own any private properties considering it is possible for the individual to sell and thus make money from the property to reside in a private house and or reside on the property itself seeing whether it is possible to do so
    2. the applying resident must make less than or equal to the minimum wage during the time of the lease because salaries over minimum wage are sufficient and adequate for the monetary payment of a private housing institution
    3. restoring certain properties and buildings by, the usage of basic furniture and amenities to reside in and be able to work if they are employed in a minimum wage job which would also encourage employment and thus benefit the local economy;
  2. Promotes LEDCs to invest in solutions towards the problems presented within shanty towns and people in homeless conditions such as but not limited to:
    1. Upgrading of Shanty Towns via the incorporation of basic public services and formalisation of the housing within these communities
    2. Emphasizing on the need of searching for alternative sustainable housing such as but not limited to recycled and refurbished containers, train cars and, eco-bricks made buildings as potential relocation solution;
  3. Calls upon member states to improve the quality of life of civilians such as:
    1. access to basic healthcare services especially pharmaceutical care, nutritional support, dental care, laboratory and diagnostic care, mental health care and most importantly, emergency healthcare services, enabling civilians to receive vital aid while supporting and strengthening the infrastructure, which would:
      1. be funded and aided by the United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO) for LEDCs and major conflict areas whom wish to improve the healthcare necessities provided to individuals
      2. support the economy considering healthier individuals become more economically fertile with the satisfaction and mindset of a longer lifetime, thus anxious about financial savings, and the creation of more healthcare jobs with the increased wages of healthcare workers, that would eventually, ameliorate the demand for healthcare and medically related goods and services
      3. most significantly increase public satisfaction and thus create a pleased and content community, difficult to be affected by social conflicts and disputes, leading to a peaceful environment of living and a developing welfare state,
    2. the development and improvement of an integral public transportation system by the bettering of the quality of travel (increasing service and frequency, increasing operating hours, and reducing the delay of transit vehicles),in rapid transit and city busses, therefore creating a more accessible connected landscape which would:
      1. have benefits to the economic situation of the nation itself, allowing a substantially higher rate of employment due to the easy access to a variety of services and jobs, in addition to securing a tighter, closer relationship between different aspects of the community
      2. be funded and aided by the United Nations (UN) for all member states wishing to improve the public transportation system in their regions and prioritizing LEDCs that may have a deficiency and are not able to do so by governmental funds,
      3. significantly reduce road/car related accidents, to as low as a 50% drop in car crashes and road-related deaths thus creating a safer and more reliable environment in regions where travel may not be as reliable,
      4. draw a path for a greener future with less environmental negative effects, since public transport also reduces carbon emissions from cars and privatized transportation to almost half, which would mean a large saving in energy costs, improve public health, and betters the quality of living for individuals,
      5. minimize the cost of congestion and maximize economic productivity by the preservation of resources such as energy and natural gasses crucial to health and the misuse of said resources,
      6. provide equality of access to multiple employment and services, provide increased cohesion and decreased isolation within individuals and the classic “private car” and transportation system;
  4. Requests the redesigning of social insurance to civilians that would subsequently eliminate the crisis of lack of insurance that prevents the development of a minimum welfare state, and also provide a rights-based guarantee against a predefined catalogue of normal threats, including old age, injury, death of the supportive partner, illness and unemployment, for public assistance in cash and/or other financial support;
  5. Encourages all member nations to stand by the implementation of a new United Nations sub-division, which recruits financial specialists from the UN in the aims of:
    1. Supervising funds that are given to states in order to guarantee that those funds are properly utilized for what they were purposed for, 
    2. Collaborating with member states in order to:
      1. Combat the wrongful distribution of UN allocated funds
      2. Ensure for all member states that the budget of the committee is being properly utilized for a specific goal;
  6. Promotes the incorporation of social and emotional counseling networks, in which teachers are trained via online seminars held by organizations like the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) on how to aid people facing emotional and mental struggles so that the knowledge gained by them can later be spread to members of the community therefore:
    1. providing access to basic knowledge about the importance of healthcare in a nation that might not include it as part of heir national health system,
    2. battling against the stigma towards people suffering from these conditions, whilst also  generating a support system for them and therefore improving their wellbeing;
  7. Encourages the implementation of alternative financing methods in order to fund novel programs via:
    1. Implementation of microcredit programs by governments in order to boost self-employment and entrepreneurship, as a way of creating a broader market
    2. Implementation of microcredit programs at an international level as financial aid from MEDCs to LEDCs, allowing some projects mentioned above to be able to get started
    3. Implementation Of  Social Impact Bonds as they are an effective public-private partnership that grants financing of preventative interventions and social services through performance-based contracts.