RESOLUTION ECO233

FORUM: ECOSOC

QUESTION OF: Developing a minimum welfare state in all countries

SUBMITTED BY: Netherlands

CO-SUBMITTERS:Angola, Egypt, United Kingdom, Norway, Switzerland.

STATUSApproved

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL, 

Acknowledging that creating minimum welfare states can affect other nations in a negative manner,

Recalling how past solutions to improving minimum welfare states have affected the nations that have aided in improving the welfare state,

Noting the World Health Organization’s initiative of ‘Universal Health Coverage’ as a means of providing basic health care to all people of all nations, 

Aware of the disincentives to work that unemployment benefits can create, 

Fully alarmed by the divisive effects of the implementation of the welfare state in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, 

 

  1. Invites all member states to replace unemployment benefits with the provision of a universal basic income by ensuring that:
    1. The universal basic income (UBI) will be provided by the government to all citizens
      1. The UBI will not be subject to taxation
      2. The UBI will be non-excludable and provided to all citizens regardless of socio-economic conditions, education and profession
    2. The value UBI shall be decided by the state in conjunction with the International Labor Organization (ILO), to provide the bare necessities and will be adjusted on a 5 year basis to reflect inflation;
  2. Urges countries to educate the public on the benefits of a welfare system so more conservative groups would not object and hinder the efforts of creating a welfare state through ways such as:
    1. Inviting experts to actively speak out on social media to inform the public on the benefits of the creation of a welfare state such as:
      1. Economic experts to inform the public of the possible benefits the economy would receive
      2. Social experts to educate the public on the potential benefits the country would gain in the social sector such as giving the lower social ranked people a better status
    2. Holding regular assemblies to discuss the responses of the public after the creation of a welfare state to:
      1. respond to the objections that emerge after the creation of welfare states
      2. acknowledge and try to satisfy some propositions made by parties that don’t support welfare states;
  3. Encourages companies and governments involved in the manufacturing of vaccinations to assist other welfare states by:
    1. Distributing vaccinations to Lower Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) or countries that don’t have access to them or do not have a sufficient amount for their population
    2. Incentivizing the manufacturing and purchasing of more vaccinations for the purpose of increasing the availability of them through free professional training on how to use the vaccinations as well as how to store them;
  4. Recommends that member states consider a reduction in taxation upon the implementation or a significant reform in their welfare system:
    1. The reduction should target the personal income tax or its equivalent
    2. The reduction would ideally be a tax cut of 25% of the current tax burden however if that is not feasible given the expenditure of the nation a less significant cut is acceptable
    3. the reduction should last for a period of at least 6 months though will ideally extend further;
  5. Further recommends that with the improvement of infrastructure, governments take the following actions to incentivize the usage of this infrastructure:
    1. Decreasing fees for locals that may come with improving transportation as well as public infrastructure and areas, with a decrease of fees this may encourage more individuals to use these amenities:
      1. Tolls
      2. Entrance fees;
  6. Strongly urges all member states to include public provisions of housing at low cost or without charge by:
    1. Creating owner-occupation housing based off a taxation subsidy system
    2. Creating council or social housing controlled by the local government for legally homeless people, those in bad housing conditions, and those with disability or medical reasons
    3. Getting private companies to invest in these housing plans for locals, therefore creating a good reputation for said private company;
  7. Calls upon LEDC’s and rural regions to further improve the accessibility of public transportation through the aid of the United Nations in order to:
    1. increase employment rate and opportunities by providing greater job accessibility to those residing in rural areas 
    2. improving the economic situation of LEDC’s, allowing for:
      1. education opportunities for youth 
      2. healthcare 
      3. job opportunities
    3. improve accessibility to schools in urban areas for low income families residing in rural areas by providing free transportation for students attending school
    4. increase interactions between rural and urban citizens to prevent civil unrests and improve unification within a nation.