RESOLUTION EVC 122

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: Venezuela

CO-SUBMITTERS:Rwanda, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Morocco, Syrian Arab Rep., Thailand, UNDP, South Africa, India, Uganda.

STATUSSubmitted

Being fully aware that the main goal of this committee is to produce measures that would protect natural wild areas from human activities,

Understands that the current COVID-19 situation may impact the countries ability to tackling issues such as the one above, however, encourages all nations to act on this key issue,

Reaffirming wild natural areas and its wildlife is defined as undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans,

Persuading members of this committee to aid the situation as this is a problem that affects everyone,

  1. Urges Nations to work together to protect wildlife, regardless of borders by but no limited to:
    1. holding meetings between countries with shared borders in order to ensure animal territories are protected regardless of nation border
    2. place specific laws and limitations on their protected land based on their needs, for example preventing the use of motor-powered vehicles on protected lands unless granted permission
    3. Controlling the output of waste especially waste from tourism or industry;
  2. Recommends that Member Nations impose guidelines regarding human activity surrounding the reserves that have been established by the UNPOWNA which would;
    1. reduce the amount of light and noise pollution which can cause changes in animal and plant behaviour and damage the ecosystem
    2. prevent the exploitation of the natural resources in these Wild Natural Areas (WNAs), as this can disturb the ecological balance and decrease biodiversity
    3. maintain the size of the wild natural areas to ensure a range of biodiversity which would increase their ability to recover and cope with changing environments due to human activity;
  3. Further urges Member Nations to set up checkpoints at border entrances for any food, crops or farming supplies that are coming into their country to be inspected to ensure that no unwanted foreign species will come into the nation as they could potentially become invasive and destroy the balance of the ecosystem;
  4. Seeks the creation of a UNEFC (United Nations Environmental Funding Committee) to facilitate activities that include but are not limited to:
    1. the monthly collection of funds from member countries carried out through the following process:
      1. The UNEFC organise annual meetings analysing the largest risks to wild natural areas and the relative size of funds required to combat these risks
      2. Member Countries contribute a set amount of funds relative to the individual country’s economic status (GDP) and environmental involvement
    2. the distribution of resources to combat the issue that include but are not limited to:
      1. manpower through providing specialists researching into geoengineering
      2. tracking technology to monitor the progress of wild natural areas
      3. other essential tools for maintenance of the ecosystem
    3. the collection and evaluation of annual reports submitted by member states stating the impact and usefulness of the resources provided, as well as the progress of the combatting of the main threats to the wild natural areas;
  5. Strongly encourages Member States to join the movement of protecting wild natural areas from human activities by actions such as but not limited to:
    1. creating a high school education program to raise awareness inspiring and motivating the youth of today funded by the national ministry of education, this could be done though actions such as but not limited to:
      1. Schools volunteering to clean local areas
      2. Starting clubs aimed at protecting wild areas
    2. the creation of an eco-friendly mass media campaign to improve the education surrounding the threats to wild natural areas and show the importance of protecting these wild natural areas, which will be administered worldwide by social media and television in More Economically Developed Countries, through biodegradable leaflets and educational classes in Less Economically Developed Countries and through educational classes, both online and in schools, for school children and teenagers
    3. organizing conferences informing the population and the civilians about the risks posed to wild natural areas
    4. building subsidized museums and expositions informing the population about wild natural areas;
  6. Calls for the creation of a new UN body to be called the United Nations Committee for the Protection of Wild Natural Areas (UNPOWNA) to work in conjunction with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in order to;
    1. recommend sites where reserves should be established to preserve biodiversity
    2. come up with suitable punishments for poachers
    3. enhance country specific measures for locating, tracking and arresting poachers, with a minimum prison sentence of 6 months for first time poachers.