RESOLUTION EVC - 124

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: Mozambique

CO-SUBMITTERS:Madagascar, Saudi Arabia, New Zealand, Hungary, Benin, Qatar, Namibia, Nigeria, Indonesia, Haiti, Senegal, Netherlands, Malaysia, Niger, Turkmenistan.

STATUSApproved

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

Recognizing the growing demand for oil in less economically developed countries (50%) over the last decade

 

Further recognizing the short term economic benefits of oil as an energy source, particularly its high-cost efficiency, abundance and ease of transportation, 

 

Emphasizing the severe negative environmental impact the extraction, transportation, refinement and usage of oil has,

 

Noting with appreciation United Nations Summit on Biodiversity that was held on 30th of September 2020 which called for international dialogue on addressing the biodiversity loss and encouraged urgent actions from world leaders,  

 

Recalling the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora of 3 March 1973 which prohibited such trades in order to protect endangered species and other unique environments,

 

Bearing in mind the importance of respecting each country’s sovereignty and knowledge of what is best for its people and ecosystems,

 

  1. Calls for the creation of the International Wild Natural Area Categorization and Classification Committee (IWNACCC) as a sub-committee of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), which will help identify the specific requirements necessary to protect specific Wild Natural Areas (WNA’s), supplying these as recommendations to the corresponding local governments to help ensure the most efficient and effective action is taken to protect WNA’s;
  2. Urges member states, and their local governments, to actively combat the primary direct threats to wild natural areas by means such as but not limited to:
    1. affirming that the legislation and regulations to control and mitigate the anthropogenic pressure to wild natural areas are effectively in place in consideration of the individualized information and definitions provided by the IWNACCC, by:
      1. enacting specific national legislation and implementing the appropriate infrastructure to avoid the overexploitation of natural resources, specifically in and around WNA’s
      2. imposing sanctions and/or fines on corporations and individuals guilty of habitat pollution and/or overexploitation of natural resources, showing that all individuals and corporations involved in such activities will be punished and prosecuted accordingly
      3. ensuring the confiscation of identified invasive alien species
      4. focusing on strengthening and enforcing relevant laws to abate the overexploitation of natural resources, specifically illegal poaching
      5. submitting proof of the implementation of the aforementioned principles to the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Development Program (UNDP) for proportionate subsidization to the respective governments
    2. regulating tourism and resource extraction as it relates to WNA’s by:
      1. financially incentivizing businesses to adhere to the recommended requirements and parameters provided by the IWNACCC
      2. penalizing and prosecuting businesses in violation of the IWNACCC guidelines
      3. only allowing businesses to conduct business if they comply with the IWNACCC parameters
    3. establishing strong Regional Wild Natural Area Regulatory Authorities (RWNARA) by providing:
      1. close cooperation and communication between the RWNARA, police, legal and business regulatory bodies and WNA staff in local governments to be able to mitigate the threats posed to WNAs
      2. adequate and sustainable human, financial and other resources, which should include training of RWNARA personnel and enforcement officers to combat the direct threats posed to WNAs (i.e poaching, pollution etc.)
      3. access to the WHO database on counterfeit medicines
    4. all financial subsidization will be approved through the WHO;
  3. Proposes a dedication of the United Nations (UN)’s budget and resources devoted to initiating project action plans under the WHO regarding educating individuals about the substantial threats to wildlife natural areas by means such as but not limited to:
    1. direct marketing by means such as but not limited to:
      1. emails specifically chosen from unanimously consenting local and international sources
      2. online adverts targeting individuals who have expressed interest in WNA’s to help further educate
      3. television and radio announcements in areas most affected by the issue
      4. aid from sim card companies, who might be responsible for sending awareness messages in regards to WNAs towards their customers
    2. public service announcements by means such as but not limited to:
      1. advertisements on undifferentiated marketing platforms such as television, magazines, newspapers, and public billboards
      2. advertisements on differentiated marketing platforms such as emailing advertisements, online adverts, methods of guerrilla marketing correlating with the APENS model, and sales promotions with consenting authorized pharmaceutical companies (authorized in accordance with the local federal organization dedicated to medicinal drug authorization)
      3. advertisements distributed upon all platforms accessible to relevant UN organizations
    3. education courses integrated into local education systems through the utilization of  monetary incentivization for individual or national education systems willing to host, incorporate and facilitate courses regarding the aforementioned topics;
  4. Calls upon countries to increase efforts regarding the location and subsequent confiscation of invasive alien species to local WNAs as identified by the IWNACCC by means such as but not limited to:
    1. reviewing and revising all laws concerning the smuggling/importation of invasive alien species
    2. working together with the RWNARA to mitigate the effect of all present invasive species on WNA’s and identify potential future sources of invasive alien species and taking action to implement proper infrastructure in order to mitigate such risks;
  5. Requests the allocation of the UN’s annual budget for the purpose of protecting WNA’s by means such as but not limited to:
    1. providing monetary funds by means such as but not limited to:
      1. financially aiding the programs regarding the education of individuals as to the risks posed to WNA’s
      2. projects to minimize invasive alien species
      3. the legislative improvements mentioned in clause 2
    2. supervising all fund usage by subsidiaries and NGOs related to the fund to ensure proper implementation through the WHO which will be done by means such as but not limited to:
      1. The mandatory collection, compilation and subsequent analysis of reports of the utilization of provided monetary funds, 
      2. The publishing of an annual report detailing the utilization and effect of funds
      3. Supervised by the World Bank and International Finance Corporation
    3. Providing an opportunity to request additional funding and/or supplies necessary to the protection of WNA’s;
  6. Further suggests that parties involved place considerable efforts on mitigating pollution (air, water, and soil) through ways that include but are not limited to:
    1. the development of waste management systems by:
      1. connecting rural areas to wastewater treatment facilities
      2. providing incentives for cities (or other small administrative units) to improve the quality of waste management and ensure that this is well provided for the whole population
      3. significantly decreasing or eliminating the population’s dependency on landfills by introducing or increasing landfill taxes and actively advertising the importance of individual contributions in these implementations (for example reduced food waste, recycling, and the donation of old, unwanted material)
    2. addressing harmful agricultural practices by:
      1. Banning pesticides that ruin the soil, such as Atrazine, Acetochlor, Propizochlor, and Chlorpyrifos
      2. Maintain constant inspection of techniques used in major agricultural businesses and put in place laws that ensure that any violations will be fined/penalized
    3. ensuring energy efficiency through:
      1. collecting data on the country’s residential and industrial-technological devices, and how much energy is wasted in different sectors
      2. utilizing the results from the above along with scientific guidance from government-appointed officials to lessen the production of waste energy
      3. widespread campaigns on energy conservation as an individual practice.