RESOLUTION EVC 125

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: Namibia

CO-SUBMITTERS:Sweden, Tajikistan, Congo, Bangladesh, Uganda, Solomon Islands, Saudi Arabia, Fiji, Spain, Botswana, Haiti, Bahrain, Ireland.

STATUSApproved

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

Acknowledging the fact that the destruction of ecosystems has threatened 1 million species –  500,000 animals and plants and 500,000 insects,

Deeply disturbed that the biggest killers of wildlife globally are unsustainable hunting and harvesting land,

Aware that the current rate of deforestation is 160,000 square kilometers per year, which equates to a loss of approximately 1% of original forest habitat each year,

  1. Encourages all member states to adopt eco-friendly policies and manage protected areas introducing a regional point of view, thus acknowledging that the environment exists beyond national borders while respecting each country’s needs, financial state and opinion on the prosperity of their people and ecosystems, by:
    1. convincing these countries to increase measures with regards to protecting natural wildlife areas
    2. adding new policies that enforce and keep these areas fully protected
    3. restricting the total number of people who can visit and trespass through natural areas, both local nationals and tourists while encouraging ecotourism to generate the funding necessary to protect and sustain wild natural areas;
  2. Endorses the concept of drawing awareness concerning the topic of natural wild areas and how to preserve them, which can be achieved through:
    1. focusing on educating future generations through a class in the school’s existing curriculum with the goal of highlighting the value of ecosystems and biodiversity from a young age
    2. informing the general public about the importance of ecosystems and biodiversity, through:
      1. educational campaigns and any kind of educational medium which can reach the majority of people
      2. the use of technology and the endorsement of all technological advancements
      3. the use of social media platforms as means of immediate access to important information;
  3. Strongly supports, the protection and the provision of financial aid to states whose economy is based on agriculture and aquaculture mainly in order to assist in their economic development;
  4. Solemnly reaffirms its commitment to further reinforce most of the global Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aiming at preventing the current alarming continuing deterioration of ecosystem functions;
  5. Urges all member states to be more careful with land-use change, which is considered the biggest driver of biodiversity loss, by:
    1. conserving natural landscapes which have not yet been converted for human activity like agriculture, mining, and urban expansion, in order to prevent further biodiversity decline
    2. restoring and rehabilitating land which has already been degraded
    3. taking a more holistic approach to land-use change which incorporates measures to protect biodiversity
    4. encouraging farmers to:
      1. adopt bee-friendly agricultural standards that rewild areas previously degraded by heavy industry
      2. develop cooperatives that prioritize ecosystem renewal;
  6. Draws the attention of the international community to promote sustainable agriculture:
    1. halting all forms of industrial agriculture
    2. investing in effective integrated farming practices which not only guarantee food security and a decent livelihood for the population, but also the survival of endangered species, thus allowing ecosystems to flourish
    3. producing less meat for consumption, since not only do current levels of animal production destroy the global environment, but they also leave us exposed to pathogens that can cause dangerous pandemics
    4. engaging more deeply both producers and consumers in the global market in the protection of all endangered crops or species
    5. empowering transparency in all market distribution and supply chains with the goal to reduce food waste and to form eco-sensitive consumers and producers;
  7. Asks for a shift toward a sustainable food system that improves and protects biodiversity, by supporting member states to:
    1. return agriculture to the local level — in the form of community gardens and vertical farms — in order to increase food production and reduce food waste
    2. subsidize and actively support agriculture efforts to emphasize crop diversity, soil rehabilitation, and ecological harmony that results in healthy, whole foods;
  8. Recommends the global protection of freshwater sources, by asking member states most urgently to:
    1. update rules around water use so that they reflect dwindling resources and take into consideration the general benefit of the planet manage more efficiently both water resources and landscapes
    2. limit the hunting and capture of freshwater species
    3. promote crops which do not provoke land despoliation or water table pollution to better regulate pollution
    4. embark on massive restoration projects that rehabilitate freshwater ecosystems and wetlands
    5. adopt clear sustainability criteria for the approval of water projects
    6. increase water storage
    7. designate high biodiversity areas as key marine protected areas so as to limit or prevent human activity;
  9. Suggests all national governments to invest in sustainable cities, which have a reduced expansion over wild natural areas and a minimal carbon footprint, by:
    1. promoting nature-based solutions, such as rooftop gardens, parks, and vertical farming
    2. improving access to green spaces
    3. using alternative modes of transportation
    4. updating buildings to consume less energy
    5. improving the food sovereignty of urban areas and protect biodiversity;
  10. Calls upon all countries to include diverse values and perspectives in their governmental policies for the protection of ecosystems including the restoration of degraded landscapes, with particular emphasis on:
    1. the intensive involvement and support of Indigenous people in habitat management and process of land restoration
    2. the drawing on the beauty and the touristic and cultural appeal of Wild Natural Areas (WNA) as a way to gather the funds necessary for their protection and restoration
    3. the management of protected areas by either private or public-private partnerships so as to ensure funding of WNAs
    4. the conservation and restoration of habitats of endangered species
    5. the prioritization of the protection of biodiversity in every aspect of environmental planning
    6. the end of factory animal farming, live, unregulated wildlife markets, poaching, and deforestation;
  11. Emphasizes the international cooperation of all member states in issues such as:
    1. uniformizing regulations for the protection of WNAs and the animals in them, paying particular attention to marine habitats whose areas and species migration patterns often cross international borders
    2.  complying with the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in an effort to make human activities worldwide more sustainable
    3. implementing the goal to revoke the debasement and mass extinction of the endangered ecosystems in the “Decade on Ecosystem Restoration (2021-2030)”
    4. monitoring the biodiversity and landscape of a WNA, thus ensuring that no major developments are constructed in them
    5. the provision of quality infrastructure that allows either for easier accessibility to these areas or for sustainable monitoring of WNAs at a safe distance that does not disturb them
    6. investing in environmental research in order to:
      1. ensure the solutions proposed are the most appropriate
      2. gauge the effectiveness of previously implemented solutions
      3. assess which areas are at the greatest risk
    7. providing financial assistance or making voluntary contributions to the Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) that have seen a very large decrease in quality and area of their WNAs due to unsustainable human practices and lack the necessary infrastructure and capacity to move toward their protection.