RESOLUTION EVC - 126

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: Burkina Faso

CO-SUBMITTERS:Colombia, Burundi, Azerbaijan, Dominican Republic, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Angola, Cyprus, Côte d’Ivoire.

STATUSApproved

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

 

Alarmed by the decreasing amount of endangered species in Western Africa due largely to poaching and destruction of their natural habitat by ways of agricultural means,

 

Deeply concerned by the annual decline of 110,500 hectares, or 4.04% on average per year, from 1992 to 2002 in forest cover,

 

Having adopted the Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan in 2000 as well as a Forestry Code that defined the National Forestry Policy and established 12 Wildlife Conservation Units covering the entire country to combat losses in biodiversity,

 

Recognizing former agreements such as the 2014 resolution, Poaching and Illicit Wildlife Trafficking: Towards Joint Action by the International Community (A/69/430) and the African Elephant Summit for their great steps towards the protection of wildlife,

 

Further recognizing the works of the WILD Foundation, the International Anti-Poaching Foundation and the Reserve Protection Agency, 

 

Desiring to create new measures to prevent farmers from deforesting to make more land for agricultural needs,

 

Declaring its inability to protect rangers and other citizens in harm from the oncoming threat of militarized groups without the external help of other delegates’ countries,

 

Seeking funds and security to combat the consequences of poaching and other human activities on  Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) wildlife reserves,

 

Emphasizing the need to act now so that more species do not become extinct and nature in LEDCs can be preserved for future generations,

 

  1. Expresses its hope for the UN to make a major global policy that takes serious measures towards the penalization and criminalization of poachers by:
    1. Increasing the fines for poachers
    2. Revoking property and assets for those who poach
    3. Looking more into poaching rings by conducting investigations with already apprehended poachers
    4. Encouraging nations to form awareness on the issue of poaching by:
      1. Assigning UN authorities to organize mini-conferences to explain to communities the consequences of poaching and what individual steps could be taken to avoid this issue
      2. Using TV broadcasting, magazines, radio broadcasting, internet media to show the effects of poaching and explain how poachers could be reported to the necessary governing institutions;
  2. Encourages the cooperation of organizations, foundations and NGOs such as but not limited to:
    1. The WILD Foundation
    2. The International Anti-Poaching Foundation
    3. The Reserve Protection Agency;
  3. Further suggests that more radical form of penalization for poachers such as the death penalty be replaced by programs in which mandatory service hours be serviced by poachers in wildlife rehabilitation centers, helping with both:
    1. The overwhelming need for aid at wildlife sanctuaries
    2. Teaching of poachers to change mindsets instead of the death penalty, which may prevent poachers from a repeat offense
  4. Calls for funding from the UN that would help LEDCs participate in sustainable farming that does not require deforestation for more land and implementing such funds by:
    1. determining fund allocations depending on the current economic situation of a given low-income country
    2. encouraging private entities from More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) to provide such funds
    3. using technology to supervise the Wild Natural Areas (WNA) for any illegal human disturbance and intervention;
  5. Invites developed countries to make an effort in assisting countries experiencing excessive desertification, which is partly caused by climate change, with methods such as but not limited to:
    1. substantial financial resources for measures such as:
      1. maintaining vegetative cover, which serves as protection of soil from wind and water erosion
      2. utilizing seed banks
      3. reintroducing species into deserted regions
      4. sustainable land management practices (SLM).