RESOLUTION EVC 131

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: Argentina

CO-SUBMITTERS:Luxembourg, Pakistan, Togo, France, Philippines, United Arab Emirates, India.

STATUSRejected

Emphasizing the importance of remaining actively seized on wildlife protection where biodiversity loss is ranked as one of the top five threats according to World Economic Forum’s 2020 Global Risks Report and which is additionally the main idea behind three Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),

 

Recognizing the dependence of global warming to deforestation, greenhouse gas emission and several industries as stated in several UN Environment Programme (UNEP) reports,

 

Bearing in mind the requisites for ecosystem viability and their unique requirements that demand utmost surveillance,

 

Noting that ecosystem viability can be rendered possible with the transition to renewable energy sources instead of non-renewable ones that threaten the sustainability of wildlife diversity and the state of the climate,

 

Welcoming the United States of America’s re-entry to Paris Climate Accord, which is a crucial step towards fulfilling international emission goals,

 

Fully aware of the fact that Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) may struggle during the transition to ecosystem viability due to their oil incomes and therefore emphasizing the importance of international cooperation during this process,

 

  1. Recommends Member States develop the level of social awareness of consumers’ environmental impacts with data collected from aforementioned report and other secondary United Nations (UN) databases through ways such as but not limited to:
    1. implementing curriculum in education systems to inform the future generation, with topics such as but not limited to:
      1. “Wild Natural Areas and Their Value” which underlines the economic, social and cultural significance of WNAs
      2. “The Protection of Wild Natural Areas” which focuses on the current steps which are being taken towards the protection of the WNAs and the steps that are planned to be implemented
      3. “The Future of Wild Natural Areas” which encourages discussions made on what possible steps could be taken and the expression of students’ thoughts on the matter”
    2. informing citizens through media platforms such as social media, features on television, and internet sites, on more sustainable means of transportation, such as:
      1. encouraging the socialization of public transport
      2. implementing bicycle-sharing systems
      3. making environmentally friendlier means of transportation such as electric vehicles
    3. encouraging national and private sector industries to switch to more sustainable energy resources including renewable energy, by forming subsidies for industries where renewable energy-powered machines or non-mechanical processes can be implemented, such as eco-grazing in the agriculture industry;
  2. Asks for the formation of a regular assembly called International Coalition for Energy Source Transition (ICEST) where official expert reports are discussed and which will:
    1. be conducted in specific time intervals designated by all willing Member States that form the collation, while being funded by all willing Member States that are concerned about the environmental aspect of the future or any subsidiary companies that fulfill accountability requirements
    2. compare the rates regarding ecosystem sustainability such as gas emission rates and make further interpretations on the topic while setting short-term and long-term goals to minimize the effects of greenhouse gases, which will be watched and reported scrupulously
    3. focus on another official up-to-date report formed by environmental experts from contributing Member States including Canada and Norway where concerning issues regarding habitat loss degradation rates and requisites for ecosystem viability are focused on;
  3. Invites all More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) to create the framework of a government-backed domestic funding agency, which will be announced nationally through an official report and media agencies, in order to:
    1. promote and support independent renewable energy projects that fulfill the requirements of viability and accountability
    2. ensure the smooth transition to more sustainable energy sources using:
      1. campaigns and posters to inform citizens about the sustainability of energy sources and perpetuate the encouragement of environmental consciousness
      2. social media accounts to raise awareness on the importance of wildlife protection
      3. possible partnerships with relevant non-profit organisations to devise special and supported projects;
  4. Suggests that a combination of incentives and taxes be used to create a market for consumer goods that are produced sustainably, for example,
    1. a carbon tax in industrialized countries, which can be used to develop more complex renewable energy resource systems for ecosystem viability
    2. increased taxes on wide-spread selling of single-use items such as plastic bags in supermarkets in favour of environmental friendly alternatives made up of materials such as but not limited to: cotton, wood-plastics, glass and specific metals
    3. incentives that can be used in all industries, such as but not limited to:
      1. the funding for filtering systems of industrial sites
      2. a subsidy formation for electric-powered generators;
  5. Further encourages all Member States to work cooperatively with UNEP and participate in the latest programmes including the United Nations Reducing Emissions From Deforestation and Forest Degradation (UNREDD) programme, identifying the national emission and degradation rates beforehand for the sake of an orderly list during the programme conferences, while:
    1. setting at least three short-term goals in correlation with the programme experts’ reports and recommendations, which will:
      1. focus on environmental issues concerning that specific country 
      2. aim to be accomplished by the next conference, and considerably progressed if not accomplished completely
    2. setting at least one long-term goal in correlation with the recommendations of UNEP programme experts, which will:
      1. focus on international environmental issues concerning all nations
      2. aim to be accomplished by a determined date in the conference, which will depend on the viability of the goal
      3. aim to provide and promote Green Job opportunities in sectors such as but not limited to agriculture and manufacturing, in order to foster the preservation of the ecosystems and boost resilience towards climate change, by supporting the limitation of greenhouse gas emissions and expediting the minimization of waste and pollution;
  6. Requests all Member States that have high deforestation and fossil fuel combustion rates due to industrial actions to begin switching to more eco-friendly options in relevant industries in order to decrease the effects of climate change, by:
    1. eliminating several fossil fuel sources in possible industries that have proportionately detrimental effects on the environment in a significant amount and switching to renewable energy sources instead, such as but not limited to:
      1. using biofuel-powered machines instead of gasoline-powered ones
      2. implementing solar cooling and refrigeration systems instead of nuclear storage facilities
      3. utilizing the residual energy of biomass burning instead of natural gas 
    2. endorsing the investments in eco-friendly technologies, which is a requisite for infrastructure fortification;
  7. Emphasizes the need to have a labeling system mandatorily enforced in all industries, where the products that are environmentally friendly are shown with green labels to consumers while environmentally unfriendly products are labeled red, which is designed to discourage their use, in order to:
    1. provide information about the eco-friendly product making workplaces which can be used as a data point in conferences focusing on ecosystem sustainability
    2. review the data and making suggestions to reduce the number of red labels;
  8. Supports increasing the prices of non-recyclable items while decreasing the prices of recyclable materials in order to maintain the balance of prices while supporting ecosystem viability and raising citizens’ awareness on the dire consequences of global warming in the environment;
  9. Urges the ratification of an aggravated penalty recognized by governments that will be applied to citizens and organizations who are responsible for direct contribution to deforestation in endangered zones such as the Amazon rainforest while encouraging nations that include deforestation in their economic policies to build up on more sustainable means of economic income and also to put an end to the over-exploitation acts in any habitat including over-fishing and over-hunting;
  10. Requests the creation of a Lumber Supply and Price Regulating Council LSPRC for the purpose of discussing policies regarding the international trade of lumber and attempt to achieve the goals of:
    1. Reducing deforestation rates to more reasonable rates
    2. Promote alternative more ecological was of harvestinTg lumber
    3. Prevent destruction of land of indigenous people in local areas of nations
    4. Prosecute entities associated with the unlicensed harvest of lumber and black market.