RESOLUTION EVC - 123

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to protect wild natural areas from human activities

SUBMITTED BY: Mexico

CO-SUBMITTERS:Greece, Greenpeace, Hungary, Iran, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Malawi, Malta, Mauritania, Montenegro, Netherlands.

STATUSSubmitted

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE.

Recognizing current educational initiatives can offer future generations the tools to further environmental progress,

Taking note of the need for international cooperation when dealing with the protection of internationally owned wild natural areas,

Realizing that the main cause of loss of natural space is due to agricultural, industrial or mining activities,

Bearing in mind the importance of protecting Wild Natural Areas (WNAs) as a means of preserving the environment as a whole,

Keeping in mind that the issue focuses specifically on man-made threats to ecosystems,

Aware of the numerous threats to WNAs including climate change, habitat loss, degradation, habitat pollution, habitat exploitation, and alien species among others,

  1. Encourages member states to participate in a United Nations (UN) devised environmental education initiative, including but not limited to the following actions:
    1. producing new school curriculum covering content relevant to environmental progress, cooperating with major environmental organizations and Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in order to utilize the knowledge and research of these organizations while making the program more veritable, including topics such as:
      1. explaining the effect of climate change on local ecosystems and biodiversity
      2. learning the inner workings of technologies related to renewable clean energy production, such as fusion and elemental turbines
      3. ensuring the younger generation is aware of the severity of our current climate crises, and the consequence of it remaining unresolved by creating an ‘eco-warriors’ program in all state-run primary educational facilities, increasing environmental awareness in youths by holding involved students accountable for their school’s carbon footprint, assigning to them jobs such as:
        1. maintaining, or implementing if necessary, a school-wide recycling program, varying depending on the opportunities for recycling available in that nation
        2. installing and maintaining a green area, where students would have the opportunity to nurture plant life, a program that would have to be tailored to the spaciousness and budget of different educational institutions
        3. devising and proposing creative ways to decrease the carbon footprint of their communities, and/or to raise awareness for climate change;
  2. Endorses the notion of a program designed specifically to combat the issues of habitat loss, degradation, and deforestation at their root by:
    1. instructing companies who collect and sell natural resources on methods for preserving natural resources and taking these resources in a more eco-friendly manner
    2. encouraging governments of nations where habitat loss and degradation is prevalent to implement laws that will require companies partaking in disforestation to replant at least 30% of the trees they cut down if this action is possible and to require fees and suspension of permits if this is not followed
    3. recommends placing focus on decreasing the destruction of forest fires and their impact on natural systems in order to protect wild natural areas from human activities, through measures such as, but not limited to, expanding policing sectors to include a department focused on upholding fire safety standards, to ensure penalizing of agricultural fire-setting techniques such as slash and burn;
  3. Proposes member states incorporate the protection of wild natural areas into current government economic growth goals, through measures such as, but not limited to:
    1. investing in measures of sustainable development of urban areas so as to not to encroach further on natural areas including but not limited to management of waste disposal and reducing the expansion of urban areas
    2. shifting focus away from attracting commercial tourism in favor of expanding local ecotourism by increasing the quantity and quality of government-run ecological attractions such as national parks, nature sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves, in order to:
      1. increase public investment in the preservation of areas of natural beauty by providing a commercial incentive
      2. raise public awareness on the impact of irresponsible actions, such as littering or unsafe fire setting, upon the surrounding environment, and the importance of maintaining natural areas
      3. increase employment rates through the new requirement for employees created by increased tourism industry surrounding preserved natural areas, including jobs such as but not limited to Food service workers and cleaners for eateries and food establishments in surrounding areas to the preserved nature reserves
    3. taxing ecotourism bodies, redirecting these funds to furthering the nations protection and rehabilitation of wild natural areas and further pursuing economic advancement policies;
  4. Suggests the creation of the United Nations Project on Revitalizing Surrounding Environment (UNPRSE) the importance of protecting and recovering species facing extinction by but not limited to the following measures:
    1. allying with wildlife rescue centers and related organizations to implement and maintain breeding programs for native species suffering from declining populations
    2. advising governments to utilize their jurisdiction in order to limit the effects of human activities on vulnerable species by temporarily restricting areas that experience high human and animal traffic during times when vulnerable species are known to migrate through or frequent these areas
    3. encouraging local businesses, through rent subsidies, to set-up in the general locality of pre-established national parks in order to increase tourism to national parks to spread awareness on the importance of environmental preservation 
    4. utilizing existing prison rehabilitation schemes as a means of furthering the protection of wild natural areas by facilitating communication between prison facilities and environmental organizations or national park services to assign ecologically fulfilling jobs to low-risk or parole inmates, such as:
      1. maintaining and repairing tourist pathways within the national park
      2. clearing litter away from preserved areas
      3. planting flora in national parks to increase their landmass and overall biodiversity;
  5. Supports member nations in implementing and enforcing laws against the usage of chemical pesticides with major negative impacts  on the environment, such as Atrazine, Acetochlor, Propizochlor, or Chlorpyrifos by creating a group of inspectors from governmental agricultural protection sectors who will inspect:
    1. The techniques used in agricultural businesses if pesticides that are bad for the soil and the environment are found the business will be fined and penalized
    2. Issues of pollution in marine areas such as marine dumping, ocean acidification, sewage, toxic chemicals from industries, large scale oil spills, and ocean mining;
  6. Recommends combatting the overexploitation of natural resources by targeting the issue at its root cause through awareness campaigns led by relevant UN subsidiaries and/or NGOs, entailing events, the distribution of flyers, television advertisements funded by the UN, and even implementations in school curriculums which would focus on:
    1. informing the public of the fact that overexploitation is not wholly caused by the intentions of mining, deforestation, or similar companies but may stem from the overly high demand for resources worldwide
    2. utilizing government-run social media campaigns to highlight the importance of consumer attention to the environmental impact of their purchasing actions;
  7. Draws attention to the creation of methods to combat the issue of illegal animal trade resulting in the introduction of invasive alien species into ecosystems, which cause disruption within the ecosystem’s, food chains, and other natural cycles within WNAs through means such as:
    1. law enforcement for the prevention of animal trade that especially focuses on Reinforced custom checks in airports and on borders to ensure no traveler brings non-native species into the country
    2. efficient means of ensuring no visitors to WNAs carry with them alien species and also understand the severity of doing so;
  8. Calls for the creation of an organization which would be a collaboration of NGOs such as Wilderness International Network (WIN) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and other NGOs with similar collaborative goals in the matter of animal protection in order to:
    1. legally purchase land in order to allocate proper jurisdiction over these regions so hunting and poaching can be properly restricted in these regions
    2. more strictly enforcing laws that classify these specific areas as protected so hunters or poachers are discouraged from targeting wildlife there in fear of legal retribution.