RESOLUTION EVC 213

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Strengthening the link between development and climate efforts

SUBMITTED BY: Hungary

CO-SUBMITTERS:Mauritania, Greece, Syrian Arab Rep., Burkina Faso, Rwanda, Malta, Morocco, Amnesty International, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Guatemala, UNEP ( Environment).

STATUSUnder debate

 

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

Reaffirming its commitment to the UN Sustainable Goals and the 2016 Paris Agreement,

Recalling General Assembly resolution 2/5 of 27 May 2016 adopting the outcome document of the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit, entitled “Delivering on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, stressing for a framework of a revitalized global partnership for sustainable development, supported by the concrete policies and actions 

Cognizant of the guidelines provided in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change,

Acknowledging nuclear energy is strongly favorable in tackling climate change due to their low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, cheap energy production cost, reliability, and recent continued advancements in nuclear energy safety,

Being fully aware that the main goal of this committee is to facilitate a smooth energy system transition into a net-zero carbon economy, 

Considering energy system transition as a shift towards an eco-friendly, renewable  source of energy in order to lower the concentration of greenhouse gases(GHG) and limit/reverse the damage of climate change,

Persuading members of this committee to contribute to the tackling of such a pertinent, global issue,

Aware that public opinion has a large effect on government investment in energy sources and therefore education of the Time- public is an important aspect of any energy system transition,

 

  1. 1. Requests the creation of the United Nations Environmental Frame Approval Panel (UNETAP), a sub-body under the supervision and administration of UNEP, which will get all member nations to give a time frame for each country on each of the goals listed below according to the parties’ own financial, ecological, and physical capabilities, and for the body approve, so that goals are manageable for all member nations;
  1. Encourages Nations to work together to discuss strategies to achieve zero-carbon economies, using methods that include but are not limited to holding meetings between countries in the same region in order to access environmental profiles and concerns, and jointly adapting local and foreign policy frameworks regarding market products and trade routes in order to help accelerate decarbonisation;
  2. Further requests that an international framework be drafted in cooperation with organizations such as the World Economic Forum in order to:
    1. Encourage international cooperation between developing and developed countries by means of holding summits within pre-existing institutions and organizations such as the G7 and G20, along with financial organisations such as, but not limited to the World Bank, United Nations Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), in order for more developed countries to create a plan of action to aid LEDCs in their energy system transitions in ways that include but are not limited to:
      1. Financial contributions, which can be made through organizations that include, but are not limited to the aforementioned financial organisation
      2. Contributions of technological expertise on green/renewable,
      3. Contributions of stored energy/electricity;
    2. Create more environmentally friendly energy consumption and enacting legislation that can slowly incentivise and ease local companies into the usage of existing eco-friendly frameworks by means of but not limited to:
      1. providing tax incentives to companies that abide to the environmental regulations set in the adapted policy framework mentioned above,
      2. gradually and reasonably raise prices for petroleum products;
  3. Seeks the creation of a UNERC (United Nations Environmental Research Committee) to facilitate activities that include but are not limited to:
    1. The collection of funds from all countries pledging a percentage of their GDP to the continued research of novel ways of achieving zero-carbon emission,
    2. The selection and organisation of top researchers and geoengineers that can offer new insight and have new breakthroughs in the field of energy, information and smart technology,
    3. Working with an existing organisation, IRENA, in order to find ways to promote various assessed decarbonisation pathways to different member countries based on their location and regional climate condition, in order to accelerate the energy transition by providing the necessary knowledge, tools and support to Member countries,
    4. Working with NGOs to channel existing funds collected from donations to this joint vision of energy system transition;
  4. Urges all able Nations to invest considerable portions of their GDP into clean, renewable energy sources through means including but not limited to:
    1. Funding research projects linked to universities and technological institutes towards renewable energy efficiency and effectivity,
    2. Carrying out campaigns and giving incentives for the private sector to develop on renewable energy as well,
    3. Embracing nuclear energy as an important tool in the mitigation of climate change in the following terms:
      1. That at least 50% of built nuclear plants are Thorium nuclear plants, as these are safer and more controllable,
      2. Any country may make investments towards developing nuclear energy if they have the capabilities for it, but are by no means obliged to do so,
      3. No costs should be saved for safety in the establishment and maintenance of nuclear power plants and all states should have severe safety protocols set out before the construction of any plants, which may include but are not limited to strong emergency supplies of potassium iodide in all cities (or equivalent administrative units) that hold nuclear plants, and emergency systems that can strongly reduce radioactivity and heat within nuclear reactors that have little to no risk of backfiring,
      4. All countries should be transparent about their use of nuclear energy in order to avoid undue use of this material, such as for the production of nuclear weapons; these should be supervised by a collaboration between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs;
  5. Suggest the creation of Public Awareness Campaigns about climate change with an awareness that a change in public opinion could bring about changes in energy use by:
    1. Conceptually conveying ideas in the lines of:
      1. Awareness of climate change, its impacts and causes,
      2. The importance of stability and sustainability,
      3. The importance of an energy sector transition,
      4. Knowledge on the functioning of clean energy sources (including safety protocols for nuclear energy),
      5. The impact of individual choices,
    2. Promoting education in this area through:
      1. Introducing or strengthening these ideas as mandatory concepts in public school curriculum and as highly suggested for the private education sector,
      2. Investing on advertisements and/or campaigns to inform the already more elder, non-student population that may not have such easy access to information.
  6. Encourages the enhancement of pre-existing legislation, regulations, treaties such as the The Sustainable Development Goals and the Decade on Ecosystem Restoration in addition to the creation of new ones in order to prevent climate change and such as having member states give tax breaks, or other monetary incentives to corporations that use fossil fuels in order to increase their usage of renewable and sustainable energy sources such as, but not limited to:
    1. Wind, 
    2. Biomass, 
    3. Solar;
  7. Requests that all Member States to reduce greenhouse gas emissions currently caused by transportation systems and modes by the means of but not limited to:
    1. Electric and or hybrid vehicles through methods of including but not limited to:
      1. Establish a time frame to switch to electric and hybrid,
      2. Establish a mandatory time frame after where all people switch to only electric;
      3. Use sustainable energy to charge electric vehicles,
      4. Impose taxes on vehicles that produce fossil fuels:
    2. Emphasizes research in alternative fuel sources and other modes of greener transportation:
      1. Invest research into hydrogen fuel cells, batteries, solar technology, and biofuels,
      2. Research into trains, cars, boats, and planes,
      3. Keep producing and researching vehicles powered by human movement such as cycles and scooters;