RESOLUTION EVC 223

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures of adaptation to promote the global response of LEDC’s and MEDC’s on the risks of climate change

SUBMITTED BY: Greenpeace

CO-SUBMITTERS:Belgium, Ireland, Malawi, Namibia, Slovakia, South Africa, Mexico, UNDP, Tanzania, United Rep., European Union.

STATUSPassed

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

 

Deeply concerned that carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions have increased by 50% since 1990,

 

Aware of the negative effects of climate change including, but not limited to, sea levels rising, increased global temperatures, acidification of oceans, deforestation/forest deterioration, impoverished biodiversity, severe weather conditions,

 

Taking into consideration the 400 billion tonnes of ice that have melted in the region of Antarctica and Greenland from 1993 to 2019,

 

Recognizing the fact that 2020 was the warmest year on record based on NASA’s analytical data,

 

Taking into account the public authorities of each country, 

 

Acknowledging that sustainable development has positive impacts on lowering the temperature limit, reclining the population vulnerable to climate change, decreasing the likelihoods of the occurrence of health problems,

 

Acknowledging further that both LEDCs and MEDCs have took actions and must continuously be responsible of the implementation of sustainable measures,

 

Aware that LEDCs lack access to effective financial and technological approaches and resources to reach the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), 

 

Noting the need for global cooperation to combat issues related to climate change,

 

  1. Encourages governments to form a funded collaboration to offer financial incentives such as subsidies or taxations, to encourage companies in the private sector to take into consideration means of making production greener, through measures such as but not limited to:
    1. considering greener forms of production including, but not limited to:
      1. energy conservation
      2. the introduction of few or no artificial chemicals into the process when possible, especially when production occurs directly in, or in the vicinity of natural areas;
      3. methods of reusing materials to minimize waste
    2. Advising larger corporations to focus on offsetting their production carbon footprint through investing in measures such as, but not limited to, Carbon Sequestration and Storage;
  1. Calls upon member nations to increase their focus on disaster risk management in the hopes of making the effects of climate change less destructive through means such as a partnership with the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) among other relevant organizations to address key which would entail:
    1. Building disaster resilient water supply systems with the assistance of specialist organizations such as the Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) including, but not limited to more resilient:
      1. Water treatment and storage plants
      2. Pump-stations and wells
      3. Underground basins
    1. The modification of critical infrastructure (such as highways, bridges, railways, etc.) to ensure durability and resistance to climate change related disasters through UNDRR documented advice on making critical infrastructure more resilient, which include:
      1. Establishing an international definition of resilient infrastructure
      2. Increased regulatory mechanisms ensuring the infrastructures are up to date
      3. Improved coordination on different levels among all involved parties
      4. Facilitation the collection of risk data and making the publicization of this data mandatory
    2. Relocating critically affected populations through means such as enforcing the creation of more emergency camps and stronger emergency response to these critically affected populations, additionally ensuring all populations are protected equally through measures such as, but not limited to:
      1. Educating emergency camp volunteers on methods to handle persons with disabilities to ensure comfort and safety in times of climate disaster, 
      2. Ensuring all emergency response systems have access to the appropriate machinery to transport persons who may not be able to move to emergency camps on their own due to reasons such as age, disability, or illness;

 

  1. Invites all Member States to strengthen current regulations or implement new ones to monitor the use of renewable energies in order to cut down GHG emissions, such as:
    1. promoting the use of renewable energy worldwide especially in MEDCs, through measures including but not limited to: 
      1. Securing proper safety definitions for nuclear plants to ensure they are effective methods of greenhouse gas reducing energies,
      2. taxing fossil fuels to increase price and reduce use, and implementing subsidies on the prices of green energy to increase their accessibility to LEDCs and MEDCs
      3. implementing grant schemes to alleviate start up costs for citizens who wish to invest in renewable energy sources such as solar panels
    2. introducing the use of cost-effective renewable energy in LEDCs, through measures such as but not limited to:
      1. LEDCs partnering with NGOs such as the International Solar Energy Society to apply rooftop solar power batteries in highly sunny regions,
      2. constructing wind power stations in windy regions, which produce high quantities of energy at a lower cost, making them more affordable for many nations;

 

  1. Requests the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the UN Development Program (UNDP) to adapt technical, institutional and financial necessities of LEDCs to ameliorate their climate change adaptation and mitigation plan, through measures including but not limited to:
    1. the electrification of manufacturing processes by the use of technology which will further contribute to a more standardized innovation in industry when compared to bio-based methods
    2. introducing efficient ways on capturing CO2, such as managed infrastructures and storage reservoirs
    3. providing welfare for populations inflicted by climate-related malnutrition or poverty
    4. funding nations building of infrastructures for cost-effective renewable energies such as but not limited to hydropower plants,

 

  1. Encourages the international community to institutionalize some basic standards that ought to be met by each member nation by:
    1. introducing incentives such as deductions or discounts for citizens and corporations to use environmentally friendly methods such as:
      1. green transportation
      2. Purchases from more sustainable sources and stores 
    1. introducing a quota defined by climate experts of each individual nation between natural and humane environment protection 
    2. moving towards the unification of environmental policies among states where possible
    3. paying special emphasis on the protection of commons as a means of protecting the environment in general
    4. Ensuring these policies will be made while respecting each country’s needs, financial state and opinions on the prosperity of their people;

 

  1. Emphasizes the necessity and importance for raising global awareness on more adaptation and mitigation synergies led by a collaboration of Governmental and/or Non-Governmental Organizations such as the UNEP, WWF, and the American Bureau for Land Management among others, to reduce the drastic impacts of climate change on the environment by utilizing local knowledge through means such as but not limited to:
    1. Training and increasing the density of firefighters in locations already known to be at high risk of fires due to issues such as dryness or agricultural burning methods to prevent climate consequences of forest fires, 
    2. Creating smaller campaigns/programmes benefitting the issue which volunteers all over the world can take part in which could include:
      1. The introduction of more green infrastructure through the planting of trees such as Plants for Planet has previously done, as well as the restoring of wetlands
      2. Implementing awareness programmes to bring attention to the issue at hand in addition to increasing the number of volunteers involved in the programmes;
    3. Showcasing the plausible impacts of climate change on the general population, in order to increase their willingness to change daily behaviours that negatively impact the environment such as transportation or waste removal methods, impacts showcased could include;
      1. Respiratory disease from smog and air pollution
      2. Extreme weather disrupting transportation
      3. Food supply disruptions 
    4. Encouraging and informing the population about the distinct daily routine changes to consider in order to reduce their negative contributions to the climate crisis, such as but not limited to:
      1. recommending foot or bike transport over vehicle transport to reduce carbon dioxide emissions,
      2. Turning of energy utilizing devices when not in use, such as laptops and lights,
      3. Using their purchasing power on more sustainable products and companies,