RESOLUTION EVC 232

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: The implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in climate-resilient development pathways

SUBMITTED BY: Luxembourg

CO-SUBMITTERS:Canada, Colombia, Lebanon, Sierra Leone, Tajikistan, Madagascar, Malaysia, Pakistan, Republic of Korea.

STATUSApproved

The ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE, 

 

Expressing its appreciation of the Paris Agreement towards climate action, signed by 175 countries and put into action in 2016,

 

Affirming that Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) and More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) are defined through the observation of their gross national income per capita being under 12,535 US$ in accordance with the World Bank,

 

Recognising the problems that nations had with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and committing to growing from past mistakes, 

 

Guided by the 17 United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG),

 

Taking into account the importance of climate change research conducted by organisations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,

 

Concerned with the fact that although the SDGs are admirable, they may be difficult to achieve without adequate funding,

 

  1. Encourages the exploitation of technology to aid sustainable development, for example:
    1. a large-scale carbon market including both low-income and high-income economies, or any sets of interactions between local carbon markets and/or companies and carbon-emitting bodies, that will:
      1. operate according to the principles of cap-and-trade liquid carbon markets, in which a general cap is set and exceeding such caps is not permissible, yet bodies participating in the carbon market acquire allowances via the means of auction, and limited and increasingly sparse allowances which shall prioritise LEDCs
      2. enable member states and emitting bodies to trade their allowances with others
      3. operate in tandem with, or extend existing emissions trading schemes
      4. enable lower income countries with low carbon emissions to use their income associated with their carbon trading activities to build renewable energy infrastructure
    2. sharing the development of environmentally friendly technologies between environmentally friendly organisations to support the dissemination of sustainable technologies
    3. accelerating the development and further deployment of novel and renewable energy technologies via:
      1. investments in renewable energies such as solar, wind, geothermal, tidal, biomass, and hydropower
      2. monetary incentives such as tax deductions to promote renewable energy
      3. supporting projects such as the Arctic Ice Project, which is proposing to spread small reflective beads of glass on glaciers to increase albedo
      4. building nuclear reactors with innovative technologies such as those designed by TerraPower, for example using molten-chloride as a coolant instead of water which is safer and more efficient;
  2. Requests that extensive international research and documentation for viable solutions is conducted through:
    1. the construction of a task force regarding Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and carbon sequestration projects with the collaboration of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) which will determine novel methods of carbon storage and sequestration and their efficacy and also emphasise on crowd carbon capture methods such as hydrogen hydrolysis
    2. the creation of a UN scientific task force to be called “Global Task Force for Climate Engineering” under the Working Group II of IPCC with the collaboration of UNEP, UNDP, and willing member states that will:
      1. identify areas where multinational large-scale geoengineering projects could solve climate and environmental problems 
      2. authoring extensive scientific reports on the nature of current or future problem areas
      3. investigating the cost/benefit relationship of any possible projects
      4. indicate and justify any geo-engineering projects and the methods to use, such as but not limited to reservoir creation, iron fertilisation, afforestation
      5. also share its findings and reports with the UN Technology Bank for the LEDCs and the World Bank so that necessary funds may be gathered 
    3. regional World Meteorological Organization (WMO) offices to run regional ensemble climate models to produce high-resolution climate projections for the determination of climate-sensitive areas and the future climate profiles of Member States, in collaboration with the IPCC and national meteorological agencies in the relevant area
    4. the establishment of a scientific commission on genetically improved crops with the under the UNEP and with the collaboration of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and willing member states that will constitute an official scientific authority on the issue, and be used by all relevant UN agencies as the primary source of information regarding genetic biotechnology, and will publish its reports publicly;
  3. Strongly emphasises the need for ensuring food security for all in light of climate change and therefore urges member states to ready their agricultural sectors for climate change mitigation via:
    1. in light of RCM climate projections, geographical and demographic surveys construct plans for future agriculture via:
      1. determining future crops and agricultural areas that will require minimal irrigation and environment-damaging processes
      2. incentivising the plantation of crops and the usage of agricultural practices that would be compatible with the future climate via grants, low interest loans and such methods
      3. planning agricultural districts and zones around forecast future water reserves and climatic areas
      4. deterring plantations that depend on artificial irrigation, or will be endangered by imminent climate change;
  1. Urges the construction of sustainable cities and the renovation of current cities,
    1. Ensuring as physically and reasonably possible that newly built cities do not forcibly remove people currently residing in areas intended to be built on by,
      1. Financially compensating people who are relocated due to the construction of sustainable cities
      2. Strengthening national laws against the unethical displacement of people for the purpose of building new cities;
  1. Asks for precautionary measures to be created for populations that are vulnerable to climate change such as:
    1. early warning systems and evacuation plans for areas vulnerable to floods or other natural disasters
    2. enforced building and structure codes to ensure that infrastructure can withstand hazards by using hazard resistant materials, structures, and technologies such as:
      1. water permeable pavements
      2. levees, dams and river modifications where flooding may occur
      3. low evaporation water storage and transfer systems such as low surface area dams and sand dams
      4. non-essential water-intensive structures such as lawns, non-native decorative plantations and car washes is strongly discouraged or prohibited
      5. rainwater harvesting and cisterns are incentivised or required for large development projects
      6. small-scale renewable energy projects are incentivised by applications such as feed-in pricing, grants and low-interest loans
      7. revised building codes to reflect changes in frequency and nature of extreme meteorological events, such as requiring levees and water management in coastal developments and requiring reinforced structures to protect against wind damage
    3. discourage immigration to settlements where water stress might occur in the future and encourage a more homogeneous population distribution or immigration to cities and areas that are less vulnerable to the effects of climate change;
  2. Suggests that this resolution’s prepositions be funded by:
    1. MEDCs through:
      1. micro-financing schemes organised by MEDCs for green entrepreneurs in LEDCs
      2. foreign direct investment by private companies
      3. foreign aid as administered by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other organisations
    2. partial subsidisation of climate-friendly innovations mentioned above by the governments responsible for the international industry from which the items are exported from and provided to countries in need,
    3. all member states through a carbon tax as well to account for the environmental costs of using fossil fuels to create and transport consumer goods.