RESOLUTION EVC 312

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Methods to transition from oil-based energy sources to renewable energy sources in Less Economically Developed Countries [LEDCs]

SUBMITTED BY: Burundi

CO-SUBMITTERS:Namibia, UNDP, Congo, Sweden, Australia, Bahrain, Republic of Korea, Madagascar, WHO (Health), Germany.

STATUSApproved

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

 

Recalling the previous actions (resolutions, treaties, conventions) taken by United Nations such as but not limited to Environmental Perspective to the Year 2000 and Beyond, 11 December 1987 (A/RES/42/186), Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, 28 June 1997 (A/RES/S-19/2), Report of the United Nations Environment Assembly of the United Nations Environment Programme, 19 December 2019 (A/RES/74/222), 

 

Bearing in mind that a complete transition to renewable energy resources from oil-based energy sources will have a negative impact on the economy of members of The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) like Saudi Arabia in which oil exports take up around 42% of its GDP,

Emphasizes the importance of Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) and  More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) working together in order to help improve LEDCs current economic situation and help overcome their great use of oil-based energy sources which have risen around 50%,

 

Taking into account the climate of the regions concerned, 

 

 Understanding that the energy needs of a country varies,

 

Acknowledging that in the long run the introduction of renewable energy sources to LEDCs will provide them self-sufficiency, thus reducing the need for imports and further decreasing the gap between them and developing states,

Reminding that transition to renewable energy sources from oil-based energy sources is especially difficult for LEDCs considering their economy,


Concerned that in 2018 89% of the world’s carbon emissions came from burning fossil fuels and the demand,

 

  1. Calls for the establishment of a Renewable Energy Information Committee (REIC) as a sub-committee to Less Developed Countries Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative (LDC REEEI), composed of 2 delegates of each LEDCs and 1 delegate from MEDC countries willing to participate and provide assistance to LEDCs in the committee, which will:
    1. Support through monetary donations and loans with low-interest rates from institutions such as International Monetary Fund (IMF) and leapfrogging of technology among other means of support, already existing local and international Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) working to inform and help LEDCs regarding the topic of energy resources such as, but not limited to:
      1. Solar energy
      2. Wind energy
      3. Hydro energy
      4. Biomass energy
    2. Organizing seminars where renewable energy experts can disseminate their knowledge, thus providing guidance about which available technologies are the most cost-effective adapted to each country’s energy needs, annual progress reports would also be published and discussed and will be used to tackle the issues identified in the report in the seminar and meeting mentioned above;
  2. Calls for the implementation of a sub-committee in REIC called Energy Resources Data Office (ERDO) which will aim to collect and analyze data, while also maintaining the confidentiality of the said data, on the behalf of the REIC on the use of energy resources and how those given resources affect the environment, which will abide by the rules of international data transfer and:
    1. Annually discuss the development or deterioration of implementation of renewable energy sources of LEDCs’, and this discussion will include topics such as, but not limited to:
    2. The economic growth of the energy sector in LEDCs
    3. The reduction of carbon emission caused by the transition of energy sources
    4. New possible ways and opportunities to optimize pre-existing energy gaining systems in order to increase the efficiency
    5. Form monthly reports analyzing previous precautions taken by the REIC to determine the viability of said solutions for REIC to discuss and work with members from the United Nations (UN) Statistical Division
    6. Aid countries that apply through the ERDO website by having teams that concentrate on the specific need, problem, or situation that the country has presented via the application;
  3. Strongly advises the implementation of an LEDC economic support fund recognizing that LEDCs are unable to transition from oil-based energy sources to renewable energy sources because they are unable to make use of anything more expensive than oil-based energy sources and implement such fund by:
    1. Supporting it with the World Bank, IMF and private investor entities
    2. Having it distributed by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) offices which will decide how much funding a country needs by their current economic state
    3. Making use of the fund regarding issues of economical improvement of LEDCs like encouraging private sectors and vitalizing other economic fields and also using the fund to implement renewable energy sources;
  4. Recommends the use of solar panels and biomass energy and in small towns of the LEDCs as they are some of the most affordable alternatives to oil-based energy sources and applying it as a step of transition from oil-based energy sources to renewable energy sources by:
    1. Funding solar panels asking the LEDC economic support fund to allocate money to the country in need
    2. Encourage governments to provide subsidies to small businesses and private companies that use solar panels[because someone may ask;
  5. Invites LDC REEEI to take initiative to assist LEDCs and start a renewable energy resources implementation program in LEDCs which will:
    1. Organize educational conferences for LEDCs to inform them about renewable energy sources, climate change, and the environment that will:
      1. Be organized twice a year
      2. Be organized in affiliation with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
      3. Depend on the assistance of environmentally friendly countries such as but not limited to: Switzerland, Denmark, Malta, Sweden
      4. Have speeches presented and workshops done by prominent environmental NGOs such as but not limited to: Greenpeace, Global Footprint Network, Earth Justice
      5. Have representatives working with renewable energy resources to explain how to build renewable energy sources, how to implement a system where those sources can be used, and how it can be sustainable from companies such as but not limited to: Siemens, Vestas, General Electric Energy
      6. Encourage LEDCs to use renewable energy sources by providing each country a future estimation of their economy expected results in carbon emission change if they use such renewable energy sources
    2. Have a Climate Change Action Program started at LEDC schools supported by __ to teach children about climate change and how the use of oil-based energy sources affect the climate by:
        1. Introducing climate change activism initiatives such as Fridays For Future to encouraging students to play a part in change and advocating for more environmentally sustainable resources
        2. Encouraging adding Environmental Awareness topics to Science curriculums in said countries and having assemblies on how oil-based energy sources and oil drilling is bad for the environment
        3. Starting poster, slogan or short film competitions about being environmentally sustainable to motivate students
        4. Uplifting any clubs or initiatives started by students in order to empower the youth for change
      1. Begin spreading awareness about green job fields and their importance in educational institutions so that there is an experienced and educated generation in the green field:
        1. This field can be encouraged in schools by giving classes on the threatening state of the environment today and the importance of addressing it
        2. This field can be encouraged as well in colleges/universities by offering courses/classes solely for those wishing to pursue green field careers in the future;
  6. Requests LEDCs to work with MEDCs in order to create new alternative sources to oil-based energy sources and new ways to improve already existing renewable energy sources in the technical field by forming a sub-committee under LDC REEEI called Office of Energy Resources Improvement and Implementation (OERII) which will:
    1. Be an establishment made up of esteemed scientists and mechanical engineers who are experts in the field and will provide expertise to LEDC representatives in OERII in order for them to improve their country’s current energy resources
    2. Encourage and execute projects with private companies working to improve current energy resources or find new alternatives to energy resources in order to motivate private entities and accelerate ongoing research;
  7. Requests setting oil import restrictions depending on the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), it’s supply and demand rate which will be determined by an analysis of the economic sustainability of given LEDC created by UNDP and gradually be more strict in order to ensure a feasible transition to renewable energy resources not be unmindful of OPEC and incentivising them to invest in other Petroleum based everyday products such as but not limited to: clothing, petroleum based to be used on everyday objects, hygiene and cosmetic products such as lipstick and shampoos;
  8. Urges to expand green job fields (such as water management, green construction, green Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) in LEDCs to ensure economic development whilst sustaining the environment
    1. The government as well as major corporations are urged to invest in green fields in the future for a number of reasons that include
      1. A higher quality workplace in these fields which will draw more people in to work
      2. Higher wages for workers in green fields (green sciences, engineering, technology, etc.), which again draws many people into the field, which is beneficial for both an economy and the environment;
  9. Calls upon all MEDCs that have successfully switched to renewable energy and organizations such as the Least Developed Countries Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative for Sustainable Development (LDC REEEI) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to assist LEDCs with the transition from oil-based energy sources to renewable energy by transitioning funds to help support economies in investing in sustainably friendly sources of energy including but not limited to harnessing solar energy, wastewater treatments  and new irrigation techniques.