RESOLUTION EVC 331

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures for more developed countries to assist with the transition

SUBMITTED BY: Thailand

CO-SUBMITTERS:Malawi, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Gabon, New Zealand, Slovakia, Sierra Leone, Montenegro, Cameroon, Myanmar, China, Haiti, Qatar.

STATUSApproved

THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE,

 

Highlighting recent rigorous progress regarding a 15% reduction on cost of solar technologies,

 

Emphasizing the recent decline in greenhouse gas emission is temporary, due to restrictions on mobility during the COVID-19 pandemic (of the pathogen SARS-CoV-2),

 

Stressing the importance of developing the geothermal power industry in petroleum rich regions, since oil and geothermal work forces share copious skill sets, 

 

Noting the versatility of geothermal power as it can be easily utilized as thermal and mechanical power without the need of prior electricity conversion;

 

Highlighting  that 2.6 billion people in developing countries rely on traditional biomass for cooking and heating, 

 

Concerned that 1.3 billion people are without electricity and that, even when energy services are available, millions of poor people are unable to pay for them,

 

Further Noting that lack of access to energy and sustainable modern energy services is an important factor that directly affects efforts towards poverty eradication, the greatest global challenge facing the world today, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in the developing world,

 

Acknowledging the potential negative side effects of hydroelectric power-plants, such as habitat destruction, interruption in migration cycles of fish and other animals, or disruption in local ecosystems and food chains;

 

  1. Encourages the creation of a United Nations Council on Energy Transitioning in Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) (UNCET LEDCs) in order to make the LEDCs be able to access renewable energy sources which will:
    1. be constituted of all Member Nations and organizations relevant to this issue, and more precisely:
      1. member nations considered LEDCs 
      2. organizations such as the Least Developed Countries Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiative for Sustainable Development (LDC REEEI) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
      3. the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
      4. the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
    2. be funded by More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) and extraneous United Nations (UN) funds
    3. be assigning inspectors to assure that LEDCs are using the provided fund on purpose and are not using the oil-based energy sources excessively by:
      1. assigning the inspectors to generate biannual reports about the type of used energy and then send them to the UNCET LEDCs after analyzing them
      2. investigating the bank accounts of the assigned inspectors and observing the transactions to avoid bribery
      3. penalizing the LEDCs if they use the provided fund for different purposes by threatening them with withdrawing funds;
  2. Discussing the possible solutions and alternatives to oil-based energy sources while commanding studies to observe realistic economic and environmental scenarios:
    1. advise, approve, fund and survey projects in LEDCs to introduce clean energy sources and to gradually step away from oil based energy sources, using:
      1. the experience and power of the OECD 
      2. the experience and jurisdiction of the UNEP
      3. the field experience and the ability to conduct projects of the LDC REEEI and the IIED;
    2. ensuring that MEDCs are actively participating in the research and development of new technologies that will allow to lower the cost of renewable energy for LEDCs;
  3. Calls Upon member nations to diversify energy grids to facilitate gradual transition of fossil fuel to renewable sources through the following methods:
    1. implementing Small Modular Reactors in oil producing LEDCs as temporary reliable power sources when:
      1. a source of water is accessible
      2. it is economically efficient to import water
      3. the UN deems particular political situations of regions appropriate
    2. implementing Solar Photovoltaics in oil producing LEDCs located in tropical and/or desertified geographical regions, for their simple infrastructure and comparatively easy maintenance
    3. implementing Wind Turbines in LEDCs, especially with characteristically windy climates by:
      1. the funding of the UNCET LEDCs
      2. the usage of internal/national labour to create more job opportunities
    4. promoting funding for geothermal power plants in LEDCs located near volcanic or other apt regions for its generation reliability and non-weather-dependent nature
    5. assigning UN scientists and UNCET LEDCs inspectors to determine which renewable energy sources would be the most appropriate for that geographical region based upon:
      1. Climate
      2. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
      3. population distribution
      4. availability of land
      5. availability of water and other resources
      6. presence of volcanic activity 
      7. means available for maintaining infrastructure;
  4. Endorses the development of nuclear fission and nuclear fusion technology where they are being researched, for purposes of gradually transitioning out of fossil fuel reliance by:
    1. using funds from the UNCET LEDCs to finance the development of nuclear energy in any country who:
      1. require nuclear power to produce electricity
      2. cannot finance the creation of it
      3. have the sole purpose of producing energy with nuclear power with peaceful intents
    2. sending inspectors from the UNCET LEDCs to inspect these nuclear plants and ensure they are used for peaceful purposes throughout the whole of their usage by the country
    3. urging the UNCET LEDCs to finance and send UN scientists to the international nuclear fusion research center in France
    4. assuring that when this technology will be available each Member Nation will benefit from it equally and safely by taking measures such as helping financially struggling nations that would not be able to afford it;
  5. Urges Member Nations with existing fracking industries, infrastructures and workforce to: 
    1. attempt repurposing abandoned oil wells to be used as geothermal power plants in order to transition or diversify countries’ power grids and offering benefits such as but not limited to:
      1. lessening unemployment rates, since workers of petroleum and geothermal industries share extensive skill-sets
      2. saving national spendings on energy transition procedures
    2. require crude oil extraction companies to plug drained wells and implement heavy fines for infringement in order to prevent greenhouse gas emission from abandoned wells
    3. fund carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies in order to lessen carbon emissions by ongoing global fossil fuel energy production, using methods of carbon capture and geosequestration, where carbon dioxide can be captured and stored safely in fluid forms, in methods including but not limited to:
      1. pre-combustion capture
      2. post-combustion capture
      3. oxy-fuel
    4. storing the captured carbon dioxide in the form of liquid under ground.