RESOLUTION EVC 333

FORUM: ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Methods to transition from oil-based energy sources to renewable energy sources in Less Economically Developed Countries [LEDCs]

SUBMITTED BY: Colombia

CO-SUBMITTERS:United States of America, Côte d’Ivoire, Lebanon, Pakistan, Turkey, Morocco, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Malaysia, Jamaica, Indonesia, South Africa, India.

STATUSPassed

Defining Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) through the observation of their gross national income per capita being under 12,535 US$ in accordance with the world bank,

 

Further defining the National System of Innovation (NSI) as a country’s technological competences,

 

Recognizing the vital function of a strong NSI in assisting a country’s efforts on strengthening action in combating climate change,

 

Understanding the importance of development to improve the economy of LEDCs,

 

Reaffirming the negative impacts of industrial development, such as factories, on the environment,

 

Acknowledging that the economically unstable LEDCs are especially vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change,

 

Alarmed by the level of pollution in the present world, its effect on the future, and the impending climate crisis,

 

Noting with approval the noble ideals of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) ,

 

Concerned with the fact that although the SDGs are admirable, they may be difficult for LEDCs to achieve without adequate funding, 

 

Affirming that every country has the necessary requirements for implementation of renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, tidal, geothermal or biomass,

 

Recognizes that the most efficient forms of renewable energy sources are geothermal, solar, hydroelectricity, biomass and solar power,

 

  1. Calls for the universal recognition of the disastrous impacts of climate change, taking steps including, but not limited to:
    1. the expansion of the Climate Change Education for Sustainable Development Programme put in service by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in schools and communities around the world, especially in LEDCs through;
      1. seminars executed and organised by UNESCO workers to be held within multiple nations
      2. holding public seminars hosted through the government of a specific state, province or county
    2. the expansion of a forum within the UN website denouncing deliberate spread of misinformation regarding the theory of climate change
    3. advertising and/or media campaigns to educate the public, on choices they can make to help the earth;
  2. Endorses the development of innovations, such as electronic cars, windmills, solar panels, etc., that can aid the combat against climate change, through steps including:
    1. nations providing support to countries lacking technological means by exporting environmentally-friendly inventions to such economies through the UN
    2. the encouragement of such innovations through partial subsidization by the government responsible for the international industry from which the items are exported from
    3. assisting the further development of the National System of Innovation of Member States
    4. the implementation of toll roads for those nations that do not have them in addition to increasing prices of toll stations for vehicles running solely on oil in which the income will be allocated to environmentally friendly infrastructure such as, but not limited to:
      1. renewable energy sources
      2. green parking (specifically for electric vehicles)
      3. land conservation
    5. encourage implementation of a public transit system in major cities;
  3. Calls on international organizations such as the World Bank and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to provide technical and financial support to help strengthen the long-term growth potential of LEDCs economies by:
    1. with the aid of UN organisations such as UNEP, sending experienced scientists specialised in the field of renewable energy to evaluate and find the most effective renewable energy according to the LEDC’s specific economic and natural conditions, including, but not limited to:
      1. GDP
      2. energy demands
      3. climate and weather
      4. vegetation
      5. geographic position
    2. providing funds for enterprises in LEDC’s to ameliorate existing renewable energy technologies and innovate new technologies, lower the threshold and simplify the procedures for renewable energy companies to enter LEDCs;
  4. Recommends that LEDCs integrate information on renewable energy into their educational curricula and publicity programmes in order to cultivate environmental awareness in children, and, as a result, lead them to use greener and clean renewable energy in their future, which would be done by:
    1. opening renewable energy courses and research projects in primary and secondary schools
    2. setting up renewable energy billboards in various communities;
  5. Encourages LEDCs to attract enterprises with advanced renewable energy technology, by:
    1. simplifying the threshold and procedure for renewable energy companies to enter LEDCs
    2. encouraging private-sector investment in renewable energy
    3. lowering taxes and implementing preferential tax policies for renewable energy companies;
  6. Invites MEDCs to deliver effective renewable energy technologies and selectively provide financial support to LEDCs, by:
    1. acknowledging intellectual property of open technology
    2. sending experienced scientists to LEDCs to introduce crucial technologies
    3. encouraging universities and enterprises to set up scholarships in LEDCs to promote the innovation of new technologies.