RESOLUTION HRC 211

FORUM: HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to Eradicate Domestic Violence (femicide)

SUBMITTED BY: Qatar

CO-SUBMITTERS:Armenia, Arab League, Ethiopia, Ireland, Liberia, Mexico, Mali, Peru, Palestinian Authority, Saudi Arabia.

STATUSApproved

THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE,

Reaffirming the obligation of all member states to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, in addition to the fact that discrimination on the basis of sex is contrary to the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and many more institutions,

Expressing its appreciation for the efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls, eliminating gender inequality and empowering women and the high number of activities undertaken by the United Nations bodies, entities, funds and programs, and the specialized agencies,

Fully alarmed by the statistics published by UN Women, mentioning the fact that globally, 35% of women have experienced sexual and/or physical intimate partner violence in their lifetime, 

Recognizing that violence against women and girls is rooted in historical and structural inequality in power relations between men and women and that domestic violence remains widespread and affects women of all social strata across the world,

Recognizing also that women’s poverty and lack of empowerment, as well as their marginalization resulting from their exclusion from social policies and from the benefits of education and sustainable development, can place them at increased risk of violence,

Stressing that “violence against women” means any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life,

Reminding all nation of the working towards the elimination of crimes against women committed in the name of honor, 4 December 2000 (A/RES/57/179,) working towards the elimination of crimes against women committed in the name of honor, 18 December 2002 (A/RES/57/179), 

Reaffirming  the UN General Assembly resolution 18/147 2004 that aims to specifically address the elimination of domestic violence against women, and recognizes domestic violence as an issue with momentous long term and short term effects on society, victims, and families, 

Deeply concerned that these existing regulations have not been able to curb violence against women, 

Noting that intimate partner violence (IPV) has become more complex, as it is not confined to physical violence alone, but also psychological, economic and verbal,

Aware of the recent criticism of the Istanbul convention for the use of the concept of “gender” which has been claimed to lead to the “destruction of family” or “the end of traditional values,”

Concerned  that the working of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is dependent upon the consent of the member nations, and its recommendations are not mandatory,

Noting that according to the World Health Organisation, IPV is one of the most common forms of violence against women, 

  1. Calls upon member states to increase funding for support services such as care centres and safe houses for victims of domestic violence to expand their scope of work to providing services such as but not limited to:
    1. self-defense classes, which would:
      1. empower recovered domestic violence victims to teach these classes
      2. incentivize current care center workers to engage in yearly seminars and/or training camps to be able to provide the necessary teaching
      3. be inspected semi-annually by specialists from the International Self Defence Organization (ISDO), who would ensure that the safest and most innovative practices are being taught
    2. relationship/family counseling, which would:
      1. hire trained professionals in psychiatry or related fields that, if not available in the home country, can be deployed by the WHO
      2. provide individuals that resort to these services with monetary incentives, tax benefits, or other incentivization strategies
      3. be advertised through Public Service Announcements, brochures, and television advertisements
      4. provide physical and psychological treatment services by means such as, but not limited to:
        1. encouraging hospital nurses to take on jobs in domestic violence care centers/safe houses
        2. ensuring that the aforementioned trained professionals in psychiatry or related fields, prior to employment, are willing to also provide psychological treatment services for victims of domestic violence/abuse
    3. post-support services and aid, in collaboration with relevant agencies, including:
      1. offering financial assistance to those unemployed for up to one year, or a time period to be decided by the member state, depending on their national budget
      2. ensuring victims get an appropriate settlement and are compensated for the abuse they are received in their relationship, including a fair divorce if they are married
      3. suggesting that each victim have the ability to isolate themselves from their abuser
      4. initiating domestic violence and femicide hotlines by regularly updating or testing telephone lines to ensure their efficiency
    4. child abuse and/or femicide survivors support groups to be lead by individuals with personal and professional experience with the issues;
  2. Urges member states to increase female economic independence through means such as, but not limited to:
    1. requesting monetary, infrastructural, or other aid from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank to:
      1. improve the quality and access to public services, infrastructure, transportation, and basic utilities by dedicating a specific economic sector to the development of women funded mainly by UN-Women and the CEDAW,
      2. implement any of the succeeding recommendations,
    2. raising awareness about the existence of commercial job opportunities for women by means such as, but not limited to:
      1. organizing communal assemblies and/or support groups to spark discussions about female involvement in the labor force and female empowerment
      2. including optional classes for males and females to take in schools to learn about future job opportunities and maintaining a safe household environment
      3. developing public education campaigns on the importance of women in the labor force and how women can join it
    3. implementing and reforming laws, by accepting monetary incentives, that would ensure financial equality, such as:
      1. requiring employers to offer maternity leave and sick leave for parents with ill children, in order to establish job opportunities for women
      2. ensuring family access to child care facilities such as infant centers, preschools, extended daycare facilities, and caregivers by subsidizing such facilities and providing discounts for dual-income families
      3. reforming laws that impose prohibitions on female inheritance and give male figures power over women’s economic activity, installing a yearly report of the evolution or regression of women’s economic independence in each member state, supervised and monitored UN-Women;
  3. Calls for all member states according to the fifth Sustainable Development Goal, to treat all forms of violence against women and girls of all ages internationally as a criminal offense punishable by law, including violence based on all forms of discrimination, by:
    1. providing a clear detailed overview of the consequences one could face for abusing their partner such as through:
    2. recognizing the criminalization of the act of femicide on an international scale (including intimate femicide, non-intimate femicide, armed conflict femicide, culturally-framed femicide, dowry-related femicide, honor-based femicide, lesbophobic femicide, and transphobic femicide) but also including protection and preventive measures
    3. imposing rigorous penalties for IPV, such as life imprisonment and/or the same charges of murder in the first degree and establishing effective measure to eradicate IPV
    4. providing proportionate subsidies for member states following the UN guidelines that encourage legal adjustments in order to prevent IPV
    5. welcoming the adoption of an interim set of indicators to measure violence against women by the Statistical Commission;
  4. Further calls for the strong vigilance of federal authorities on the matter of stalking and cyberstalking by imposing effective international laws condemning abusive contact through social media, watching or following the victim, entering their properties, workspace, educational institutions, and damaging personal property, along with threatening to stalk and/or cyberstalk by requesting the UN Press to:
    1. collaborate with national governments in regard to methods to prevent cyberstalking, such as but not limited to:
      1. public education campaigns regarding cyberbullying and cyberstalking to be distributed across schools, workplaces, and places of worship
      2. teacher education campaigns to include teachers, educators, managers, and/or religious leaders ways they can help their community identify signs of cyberstalking among their students, workers, and/or followers,
    2. assign specialized professionals to monitor and regulate posts, hashtags, and location tags to ensure there is no signs of violence against women or intimate partner violence,
    3. develop a specific rubric to publish articles on the cyberstalking aspect of IPV;
  5. Encourages member states to enhance efforts to eliminating IPV via education and awareness-raising in the ways such as, but not limited to:
    1. remedying the problem of low literacy rates, overcrowding, and unemployment in order to order to bring effective and lasting results in enrolling and attaining sufficient literacy levels among women in ways such as: 
      1. providing effective environment building and motivational strategy, training programs for women aimed at improving income status
      2. ensuring the proper training of teachers with the consideration of the conditions of the particular areas or regions in which they are working
    2. informing the public on the different forms and signs of domestic abuse by:
      1. designing media awareness campaigns released by UN press programs that work with male persons, in order to teach healthy relationship skills, educate on the harms of childhood marriage and change attitudes towards gender norms 
      2. setting up training centers, where people are taught and advised on how to combat domestic abuse
      3. training the youth in a community, to be vigilant when with their partners, if they seem to be showing these signs of abuse
      4. ensuring people from a young age are educated on the strict consequences and the forms of domestic abuse which they may resort to if they are frustrated with partners
      5. raising awareness through schools Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE), which includes Sex and Relationships Education (SRE);
  6.  Invites member states to consult WHO, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), and other relevant bodies for funding of the actions outlined in the previous clauses and other queries regarding the implementation and enforcement of the aforementioned services.