RESOLUTION HRC 212

FORUM: HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to Eradicate Domestic Violence (femicide)

SUBMITTED BY: UNDP

CO-SUBMITTERS:Austria, Belarus, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Greece, Human Rights Watch, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, India, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Togo, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America.

STATUSPassed

THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE,

Alarmed by the increased risk of domestic violence due to the COVID-19 pandemic,

Emphasizing the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which are entitled to everyone “without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,”

Strongly affirming UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/68/191 which urged member states to “consider undertaking institutional initiatives, as appropriate, to improve the prevention of gender-related killing of women and girls and the provision of legal protection, including appropriate remedies, reparation, and compensation, to the victims of such crimes, in accordance with applicable national and international law,”  

Reaffirming that domestic violence is defined by the UN as a pattern of behavior in any relationship that is used to gain or maintain power and control over an intimate partner which can take place in physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological forms, which also includes so-called ‘honor based’ abuse, forced marriage, and genital mutilation, 

Recognizing that 49 member states still haven’t introduced any laws criminalizing domestic violence,

  1. Encourages all member states to organize inter-religious conferences in order to prevent misogynistic practices that are deeply rooted in religious and cultural traditions such as but not limited to:
    1. marriages involving forced dowry payments
    2. ‘honor based’ crimes against women for actions such as:
      1. fornication
      2. infidelity
      3. female genital mutilation
      4. being raped;
  2.  Requests international funds establish shelters for direct and indirect victims of domestic violence and femicide such as but not limited to:
    1. the victims themselves
    2. the children of the victim
    3. confidants of the victim, as necessary,  who can be perceived as “allies” by the perpetrator such as but not limited to:
      1. relatives
      2. neighbors
      3. friends;
  3. Urges member nations to minimize the impact and promote a healthy and safe environment for households that have undergone domestic violence in any way or form through ways such as but not limited to: 
    1. enforcing free rehabilitation, both physical and mental, and conduct-correcting sessions on abusers
    2. providing free aid and assistance to victims, such as but not limited to; 
      1. regular psychological therapy
      2. physical help
      3. financial support
      4. job opportunities
      5. personal protective medical equipment
      6. basic self-defense courses for all girls and women to learn to protect and defend themselves in the event of an assault
    3.  establishing, promoting, and supporting a domestic organization, with assistance from international organizations such as World Health Organization (WHO), that aims to provide first-time help to victims and encourage people to report domestic violence cases;
  4. Requests the creation of an international fund to finance projects worldwide specifically countries who may be less economically capable of initiating large scale projects as mentioned above through means such as not limited to:
    1. working with the Fund for Gender Equality established by the UN in order to achieve women’s economic and political empowerment and the Sustainable Development Goals which should include projects aiming to eliminate domestic violence
    2. working with companies and corporations who are willing to support and invest in projects
    3. working with More Economically Developed Countries willing to support Less Economically Developed Countries financially incapable of implementing measures against domestic violence
    4. working with eligible and qualified volunteers as well as relevant NGOs to provide a workforce for shelters, projects, and other institutions relating to domestic violence;
  5. Recommends all member states to promote consciousness of shelters to escape domestic violence and encourage victims to seek help through means such as newspaper ads, television ads, radio announcements, hotline numbers, pamphlets in public necessity areas such as doctors’ offices, supermarkets, and representatives of the law;
  6. Further recommends that the criminal justice system of all member nations should take a constructive approach regarding cases of domestic abuse and other forms of gender-based violence centralized upon rehabilitation of the perpetrators to prevent future cases, develop a healthy mental state, allow for beneficial positive future relationships, a better transition back into society after incarceration and sentencing;
  7. Calls for all nations to effectively educate their entire population regarding the issue of domestic violence, and other forms of gender-based violence, providing information including general information on all facets of gender-based violence and precise definitions of what constitutes domestic abuse and femicide in order to prevent future cases as well as best respond to cases this includes all individuals of all ages, backgrounds, and occupations, however, specifically prioritizing, but not limited to:
    1. students, in order to foster an early foundational understanding and appreciation of gender equality and in turn is a preventative measure which also advocates the protection of women and girls, through methods such as but not limited to:
      1. implementation within the education system as part of the national curriculum
      2. extracurricular programs and activities in which students can further explore these topics
    2. men, boys, and husbands who may either be perpetrators or witnesses of domestic violence as a preventative measure and what an individual should do if the event domestic abuse or femicide is witnessed through means such as but not limited to:
      1. communal gatherings
      2. education programs
    3. law enforcement, in order to better respond to cases in a more considerate and productive manner yielding more satisfactory conclusions to investigations through methods such as but not limited to:
      1. requiring officials to have a basic understanding of these issues
      2. training programs facilitated by experts
    4. indigenous and cultural groups, in order to promote the protection of women and girls, however, it is important that individuals are comfortably educated about these issues without violating religious or cultural code and diminishing the values of these communities through methods such as but not limited to:
      1. providing more educational opportunities and institutions
      2. empowering members of these communities who are willing to speak out about these issues and assist in educating their community
      3. introducing viable alternatives if certain practices involve gender-based violence
    5. bringing awareness to hand signals, face signals, and other signals that signify being abused;
  8. Further encourages all member states to work alongside UN Women to draft legislation that will further protect victims from all domestic violence.