RESOLUTION HRC 221

FORUM: HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to Eradicate Domestic Violence (femicide)

SUBMITTED BY: UNICEF

CO-SUBMITTERS:Afghanistan, Human Rights Watch, Guatemala, Côte d’Ivoire, Kuwait, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Rep., Yemen.

STATUSApproved

THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION,

 

Recalling the guidelines and standards set by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1959 with the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child, that seeks the fundamental and inalienable rights of a child to be internationally protected, such as education, health care, shelter, good nutrition and protection for issues such as all forms of abuse, exploitation, and cruelty,

 

Aware of the “GEM REPORT based on 2011 TiMss”, which found that victims of child abuse suffer academically, ultimately hindering their chances of higher education and better employment,

 

Recognizing the 46 domestic abuse hotlines created by the European Commission for men, women, and children,

 

Fully aware that those who come forward about domestic abuse in relationships are risking being harmed or even killed and are not being requested to do so,

 

Deeply concerned that 1 in 15 children are exposed to intimate partner violence each year, and 90% of these children are eyewitnesses to this violence,

 

Determines that ads promoting safehouses on social media, radio, or television,

 

Urges the formation of platforms and telephone networks easily accessible for children in ways such as but not limited to: reassuring no need for personal information, the formation of accounts or passwords,

Recommends  brief guidance, the moment of access to each respective platform or network both verbally and written,

 

Recognizing  instructive lessons in all grades from ages 4-18 are beneficial,

 

Acknowledging trained child psychologists to control and respond to such platforms with immediate correspondence to the competent authority,


Notices,  terms, and conditions in which the font detailing how the IDVC will access law enforcement records is so small that the national governments simply cannot read the fine print,

  1. Encourages increased support towards UNICEF,  and other NGO organs in the attempt to both speed up the recovery of a nation and to provide better care for children, by:
    1. Granting increased funding for the world banks and volunteer organizations:
      1. governments should support and advertise for greater charitable donations towards local and international groups
      2. relief grants for UNICEF and NGO should receive greater tax breaks
    2. Member states suffering from a humanitarian crisis are advised to provide land grants and tax breaks for NGO, UN, and fellow member states relief groups;
  2. Supports increased photographic and aerial surveillance and national and/or international action strictly against crime organizations (e.g. warlords, gangs, etc)  that currently employ child soldiers either forcefully or willingly in the aims to stop further abuse:
    1.  Surveillance would strictly be aimed towards extremist groups that employ child soldiers:
      1. surveillance would be limited to actual extremist that incur violence, not groups that the member state opposes
      2. surveillance is recommended to be conducted by MEDC member states due to better surveillance equipment and safer operations, however, LEDC can conduct surveillance 
      3. surveillance should strictly be non-hostile actions in order to prevent further abuses towards children and casualties 
      4. surveillance is not permitted to obstruct the rights of normal citizens and targets being monitored are supposed to be confirmed extremist first 
    2. Nations where child soldiers are common or occurrent, are advised to create specialized task forces to inflict strikes and punishments against groups that use child soldiers, in addition to that member states should rehabilitate children:
      1. strikes should attempt to be precise and prevent as few casualties as possible with increase pressure against harming youth 
      2. punishment would specifically target adults of extremist organizations that recruit and use children as soldiers, punishments could include anything from jail time to capital punishment 
      3. NGO’s and UNICEF are recommended to address rehabilitation and recovery of children, and their reintroduction into society, children are most likely dangerous at this time, NGO’s and UNICEF should be conscious and aware of this 
      4. funds for equipment and training should be procured by the member state, however member states will have the ability to request funds aimed only towards task forces dealing with child soldiers
    3. Focusing funds towards schooling and reeducation programs for abused children that either did not have the ability to attend school due to their families or were discouraged to attend schooling because of parental abuse:
      1.  The World Bank and additional groups are requested to donate and provide funds for governments, UN organs, and NGO’s; the world bank and UN organs such as UNODC would assist in ensuring funds towards providing education are not relocated, and corruption is kept at a minimum 
      2. Member states should attempt to provide children or young adults with a severe lack of education caused by domestic abuse should have the chance to re-enter school
        1. NGOs would have the ability to survey and provide information to member states about neglect that was caused by domestic abuse, 
        2. organizations such as UNICEF, HRW, and NGOs would spearhead reeducation efforts for children and young adults for those who were abused in their younger years,
    4.  Calls for the establishment of an organization or body within individual countries to ensure that children are granted the autonomy to protect themselves and are educated with the knowledge required to do so:
      1. Funding of the organization will primarily be obtained from UNICEF or other groups based on the discretion of the relevant UN body
      2. Children who are suspected of being abused or have been found to be abused are to be assigned an individual to help them
        1. The individual will be screened to ensure that there is no conflict of interest,
        2. Credentials of the individual will be inspected, such that he or she is properly equipped with the capabilities to best assist the child
    5. Strongly urges Primary and Secondary schools to further reach out to children to address domestic violence through ways such as but not limited to:
      1. Mandatory monthly presentations in health, science, or other relevant classes discussing topics such as but not limited to
        1. The different forms of domestic violence such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse,
        2. What different forms of abuse may look like and how symptoms manifest themselves in the victim,
        3. The opportunity that children have to report ongoing issues in their life at home to teachers and relevant staff who would keep the information confidential,
        4. The access children have to guidance counselors, nurses, school psychologists, and other relevant personnel,
      2. Sending children to impromptu, semiannual screenings at the nurse’s office to screen and address sings of domestic violence using the following guidelines
        1. Giving the child an operational definition of what domestic violence is,
        2. Using a vocabulary adequate to the child’s age group,
        3. Avoiding the use of unnecessary jargon,
        4. Approaching different age groups with a list of different situations that can be described as domestic violence, 
      3. Discussing and informing pupils and parents alike about the signs and impact of domestic violence in young children, including how they may experience changes in behavior such as anxiety, separation anxiety, stress, and tantrums;
    6. Requests that workplaces host anonymous and unscheduled seminars in which they discuss the following but not limited to:
      1. Violence in the workplace
        1. How to identify it,
        2. How to report it to officials,
      2. The impact of domestic violence in adults on children
        1. How aggression, violence, and rebellion may be expressed in young adult males,
        2. Withdrawal from social circles, anxiety, depression and eating disorders in young adult females,
        3. Affective and somatic  symptoms such as flashbacks, nightmares, headaches as well as alcohol/drug abuse, lower school performance, and lack of concentration may also occur in both,
        4. How the impact and signs might be more hidden. Unexplained weight loss, fear, jumpiness, bruises in hidden places, and withdrawal from social events may occur,
    7. Asks for local law enforcement agencies to assure that victims of abuse have basic necessities available after they come forward, including:
      1. The basic human fundamentals such as, but not limited to food, water, shelter, and hygienic products
      2. The access to opportunities for children with means to reintegrate them to a functional society and enable them to live individually in ways such as but not limited to 
        1. Job opportunities,
        2. Self-defense classes,
        3. Access to the justice system available in their country,
      3. Safety and protection from the abuser through methods such as, but not limited to
        1. Providing a temporary residence to victims until they are able to obtain a permanent one,
        2. Urges governments to not make decisions for the victims and rather allow the victims to formulate their own plan for safety,
        3. Make certain that victims are given access to a lawyer and a court case is carried out before victims are no longer monitored,
    8. Calls for the creation of the International Domestic Violence Committee (IDVC), a sub-committee of HRC, charged with the continuous monitoring of law enforcement entities to assure their cooperation and assistance towards domestic violence victims, through the means of new or pre-existing Child Parental Services (CPS).