RESOLUTION HRC 313

FORUM: HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Empowering Minority Religions (Social Stigmas)

SUBMITTED BY: Mozambique

CO-SUBMITTERS:Arab League, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, China, Ethiopia, Greece, Honduras, Mali, Paraguay, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Senegal, Viet nam.

STATUSApproved

THE HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE,

Bearing in mind that empowerment and encouragement of respect for any and all individuals’ human rights, without any discrimination or distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion is one of the essential goals of the United Nations (UN), in particular, the Commission on Human Rights, the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, and the bodies pursuant to the International Covenants on Human Rights as reviewed in the Charter,

 

Viewing with appreciation the need to promote the realization of the principles contained in A/HRC/25/66, A/HRC/37/49, A/75/385, A/HRC/40/58, A/HRC/28/64, A/71/484/Add.2, A/RES/36/55, S/RES/2379, and A/RES/47/135,

 

Noting with the satisfaction the prerequisites of “Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights” with reference to the religious minority groups and the rights of minority religions in several areas to profess their own religion, culture, and language,

 

Appreciating Member Nations that have been working on laws, protocols, declarations, and other projects to protect minority religions and have been taking into account the important work which is done by intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,

 

  1. Recommends Member and Observer States provide education to remove religious stigmas, by establishing awareness-raising campaigns, including but not limited to:
    1. incorporating education on religious minorities in the national education system by means such as but not limited to:
      1. requesting charitable funds from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to provide the minor religious groups the necessary education rightfully deserved
      2. making use of the guideline set by UNESCO for the education content
      3. receiving confirmation from a sub-commission of UNESCO to ensure that the content is not biased
      4. allowing the UNESCO sub-commission to have the authority to visit public schools to evaluate the anti-stigma education
      5. subsidizing education system development in countries that follow the aforementioned guidelines
      6. ensuring that the sub-commission of the UNESCO will only request for educational statistics of the country if religious stigma is suspected; otherwise, the sub-commission will not request for further information to prevent infringement of national sovereignty over autonomous education
    2. encouraging members of religious minorities to increase the peaceful exposure of their practices to the general public through means such as, but not limited to:
      1. sharing media posts, leaflets, PSAs, and advertisements with information about their religion and/or culture 
      2. organizing conferences, seminars, and/or talks about their religious practices, cultural norms, and celebrations
      3. publicly, peacefully practicing festivals and holidays belonging to their religion;
  2. Strongly encourages Member and Observer States to inform society through educational policies where civilians are taught to accept that beliefs of different religions are valid and exist, removing stigmas by:
    1. amplifying existing education systems with leniency policies to remove different types of discrimination such as but not limited to racial, ethnic, and religious
    2. providing capaciousness by representing a wide range of philosophical perspectives to prevent fundamentalist and conservative attitudes of majority forming social stigmas;
  3. Requests an annual conference, named the Conference for the Protection of Minority Religions (CPMR), be convened under the auspices of the Human Rights Council where countries with conflicting minority religious groups are evaluated for their efforts to address minority religion empowerment, according to the standards of the CPMR by outlining specific measures to be followed at the conference, including but not limited to:
    1. keeping the conference’s ultimate objective as to ‘motivating individual countries’ efforts to craft their own plans and protocols for minority religion empowerment
    2. evaluating using standards convened from the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to the rights of the members of minority religious groups
    3. allowing both the representatives of the majority and minority groups to appeal if believed to be unfairly oppressed or threatened, where a sub-commission will be set to verify the representativeness of the elected representatives, and any harm or threat during the conference to any of both religious groups’ representative will be seen as an act of violence and authoritatively be raised to the International Court of Justice as an attempt of war and terrorism between two parties
    4. distributing proportionate incentives under the purpose of economic development established by integrated working force, rewarded based on evaluations;
  4. Further requests all local governments in the conflict zones to cooperate with local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to collect relevant data such as the sides of the conflict, violation of basic human rights, the death toll, and governments actions and effect on the ongoing or past conflict from the conflict zones in order to get a better understanding of the situation at hand which will:
    1. be used as a piece of evidence when the responsible entities are judged by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and observed by the United Nation Security Council (UNSC)
    2. eliminate misinformation of the world media by exposing the truth behind the inter-religious or intercultural conflict with help of local NGOs and impartial international news agencies
    3. detect the necessity of UNSC or UN Peacekeeper involvement in a possible establishment of a UN buffer zone or green zone;
  5. Reminds Member States of the importance of the protection of the rights of religious minorities to prevent them being denied healthcare, education, housing, or employment and the provision of the opportunities in different areas such as but not limited to:
    1. the assurance of social prerogatives of religious minorities by checking that access to opportunities are not restricted on grounds of religion including:
      1. admission and entrance to any and all public services that satisfy the majority religion and the minority religion equally
      2. utilization of objective and impartial methods in healthcare systems by appraising public health officials to maintain the privacy and confidentiality of those seeking healthcare and those who may be part of any contact investigation and encountering stigmas
      3. investigating the quota of schools and classrooms to design a homogenous educational atmosphere where the students from religious minorities are contented with an education system purged from societal stigmas and discrimination
    2.  the impartial practice of religious activities of minorities by respecting their culture and distinct customs by:
      1. supporting to increase religious services such as but not limited to chapels, prayer rooms, sanctuaries to the religious minorities
      2. recognizing the cultural and religious privacy of minorities to anticipate possible solid stigmas
      3. assisting with respect to their religious festivals and occasions favoring the cohesion of the intercultural exchange between religions
    3. tackling the lack of involvement of minority religious groups in public administration and strengthening of friendship and cooperation among peoples and States since the religious minorities are an integral part of the development of society by:
      1. expecting the appeal of representatives from religious minorities in governance to maintain the inner peace of the state
      2. repudiating indirect discrimination originating from biased cases in trials and courts
      3. strengthening the participation of religious minorities in voting procedures locally and nationally;
  6. Suggests all Member and Observer States include minority groups that are affected by the conflict in any way in all future peace talks to compose a treaty that will:
    1. be most suitable for every side of the conflict by considering the needs of the minority groups whilst not ignoring the rules that these groups must obey in order to reach cohesion with inclusiveness
    2. consider the reason behind the perpetrator’s actions towards the other party.