RESOLUTION HRC 322

FORUM: HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Empowering Minority Religion (Institutional Discrimination)

SUBMITTED BY: Malta

CO-SUBMITTERS:Ecuador, Human Rights Watch, Haiti, Kuwait, Niger, Yemen, ITALY, Sri Lanka, Somalia, Uganda, UNICEF, Venezuela.

STATUSSubmitted

Noting with deep concern the rise of far right-wing ideologies, considering some political groups and parties can be prone to organizing incitements and taking advantage of unjustified fears and distortions to achieve their narrow political objectives and recognizing that those actions have led to an unprecedented rise in racism, discrimination and xenophobia, including against migrants, and minority religions,

 

Defines a Religious minority as a religion practiced by a minority of the population of a country, state, or region, who may be subject to stigma or discrimination,

 

Further defines empowerment as when an individual is granted the right, authority, and freedom to control their own life, make their own decisions and perform certain acts,

 

Recognizes that hatred and discrimination towards religious groups may lead to the harm and killing of innocent people,

 

Further Recognizes that respecting and promoting human rights is possible and crucial to eradicating all forms of religious discrimination,

 

Alarmed that acts of terror are intended to intimidate members of religious communities and, as a result, to hold them back from practicing their faith freely,

 

Further Alarmed that in certain countries religious practice is forbidden even in the home, and on occasion the representatives of religious minorities are refused religious funerals,

 

Reaffirming the insignificance of the protection of human rights, especially while engaging in acts of violent extremism, as no human has the right to life, liberty and security,

 

Deeply concerned at the growing number of serious crimes committed as acts of religious hatred and that these gravely endangered and threaten the safety of citizens of minority religions within nations,

 

Emphasizes that all member nation governments have an obligation to fully investigate and prosecute those who perpetrate acts of violence against members of minority religions,

 

Condemning the devastating effects of international terrorism, which prevent people from exercising

their fundamental rights and impact countries’ stability and security,

 

Stresses the need for member nations testified fears and distortions to achieve their narrow political objectives and recognizing that those actions have led to an unprecedented rise in racism, discrimination and xenophobia, including against migrants, and minority religions,

 

  1. Calls for the creation of the United Nations Empowering Minority Religions Programme (UNEMRP) as an OHCHR subsidiary body, to work in conjunction with the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF), Committee of religious Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and ECOSOC among others, with the aim of carrying out the clauses in this resolution and coordinating with member nations to achieve the universal empowerment and freedom of minority religions through means of, but not limited to:
    1. the holding of an annual convention to be initially held remotely in Geneva, Switzerland, until safe to be held in person with the function of improving international cooperation between all member nations, along with all relevant NGOs to highlight religious-based issues within member nations and proposed solutions or guidelines to ensure no infringements on the practice of religious freedom occurs
    2. the publication of a biannual report accessible to all, outlining the recent news regarding minority religions, with the function of:
      1. Notifying safety risks on particular religions 
      2. celebrating recent events or periods of significance
      3. information on the individuals religion to ensure accessibility of information, especially where there is limited information sources in one’s community
    3. requesting nations to sign and ratify the ‘International Convention on the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families’, to ensure protection of, but not limited to, migrants, asylum seekers or those who may be a minority religion in a country for a different circumstance;
  2. Suggests a domestic hotline to be overseen by the UNEMRP working in conjunction with local law enforcers with the function of being an outlet to victims of serious religious-based discrimination or assault, or those who wish to report information regarding a religious-based attack on the community or individuals within the community, based on sufficient information to ensure the probability or credibility of the information, having respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and recognizing human nature under domestic and universal laws, in relation to matters such as, but not limited to:
    1. any pertinent fact concerning past or ongoing investigations of suspected, planned, thwarted or executed attacks with religious undertones
    2. individuals in need of physical or emotional support as a result of assault due to religious beliefs or practices. 
    3. suspected religious based discrimination within civil services;
  3. Further suggests to issue legally binding framework against institutional discrimination in order to avoid religious discrimination and to take corresponding legal action through but not limited to:
    1. The potential mistreatments of individuals behind closed doors such as interviews or private establishments that local authorities can be notified through;
      1. Whistleblowers or reports of abuse of power in a professional environment targeted against religion,
      2. Investigation of the history of attitude against the religious minority,
      3. Potentially offensive signs placed where they are visible to the public in order to discourage potential visitors
    2. The potential Discrimination of such Ministries in public such as
      1. Public acts of violence against the minority, 
      2. public attempts to shun or to repress the minority,
      3. The deliberate destruction and defacing of places of gathering or worship of such minority groups
    3. The inclusion of religious minorities when creating future domestic legislation through
      1. Consultations with minority religious figures,
      2. Including members of minority religions on a legislative board,
      3. Co-operating with the local government and legal branches,
      4. Working alongside the International Court of Justice in order to assist in dealing with extreme cases of discrimination;
  4. Further Requests member nations to allow members of the UNEMRP to:
    1. investigate multinational businesses as well as domestic businesses suspected to be a perpetrator of religious discrimination through random spot checks on their credibility, examining factors such as but not limited to:
      1. the treatment of their workers, with a particular emphasis on those of minority religions
      2. equal opportunities and pay
    2. Support business and organizations with tax incentives that offer anti-discriminative training to staff and promote collaboration with minority religions, and encourage them to pursue the route of using micro-loans where applicable;
  5. Further urges member nations to sign and ratify a policy where guidelines have been agreed upon by member nations where educational institutions are open to inspection if requested by the UNEMRP, to ensure adherence to the terms of the policy to include the availability of an education program provided by the UNEMRP, overseen by the UNHRC, in conjunction with relevant NGOs with the function of educating attendees on the diversity of religions, with every country’s discretion, which may be present within the school environment and adequately inform them of strategies on how to handle a discrimination based issue, with specific units informing different staff, including:
    1. guidance counsellors on how to handle, a students’ discomfort with their religion and its beliefs, and how to confront that issue and move forward, and/or a student’s fear of outwardly expressing their wavering faith in their family religion at home and guidance on how to handle the situation and if required safety protocols for that student,
    2. teachers on how to teach the religion subject, without pushing their own personal beliefs onto students, and/or disciplining student to students religious based discrimination,
    3. management on how to promote and integrate religious diversity within the school environment, with a focus on the comfort of all students, and on how to spot and prevent religious discrimination in classrooms;
  6. Further requests assistance for victims of religious based attacks or discrimination in their mental and physical recuperation and rehabilitation, as well as reintegration into society, with the aim of providing complete justice, through the UNEMRP in order to assist through:
    1. the creation of temporary facilities opens to affected families who no longer feel safe in their homes or community that would include the provision of medical care and therapy to individuals left mentally and physically scarred by the occasion and consequences of the crime(s) or discrimination committed, by allocating doctors and psychiatrists to the facilities
    2. the creation of support groups, in which members of the community can openly discuss their experiences, receive feedback and group counsel from a licensed therapist to overcome the fear and trauma created by the crime(s) or discrimination committed
    3. the implementation of a temporary system of worshipping in such facilities, to ensure that victims can still worship and affirm their beliefs in complete safety
    4. the provision of advice to victims on legal rights and employment.