RESOLUTION LFC 121

FORUM: LEGAL & FINANCE COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Promoting recognition by the United Nations of the crime of ecocide

SUBMITTED BY: Jamaica

CO-SUBMITTERS:Mali, Slovakia, Malaysia, Morocco, Burundi, Bangladesh, Turkmenistan, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Tunisia, Lebanon, Lao PDR, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Nigeria, Peru.

STATUSPassed

THE LEGAL AND FINANCE COMMITTEE,

 

Aware of the harm that global warming and acts such as ecocide are causing to the environment, especially when committed for the sake of profits by corporations, 

 

Concerned for the future of the next generations, especially in areas where the effects of global warming are causing more imminent danger,

 

Disturbed by the effect a single corporation can have on the environment, especially when acting maliciously and having only profits in mind,

 

Convinced that tougher sentencing and increased legislation is needed to solve the issue,

 

Expressing its appreciation for NGOs that have been working on the issue, such as the Stop Ecocide Foundation, as well as for the member states which have already recognized ecocide as a crime in their domestic legislation, 

 

Affirming that ecocide is a crime under international law, which the member states condemns, and for the commission of which principals and accomplices, whether private individuals, corporations, public officials, or statesmen committed on any grounds are punishable,

 

  1. Requests member states to change their national legislation to ban the destruction of the environment by:
    1. making legislation regarding poaching stricter, via fines, prison sentences, etc.
    2. making it illegal for both companies and individuals to discard waste into the environment
    3. enacting legislation ensuring that when forests are cut down, at least as many new trees are planted as were cut down
    4. not using indigenous, federal, and environmentally sacred land for oil drilling and fracking;
  2. Strongly encourages the modification of school curricula to also include information about the seriousness of ecocide and what ordinary people can do regarding climate change;
  3. Calls for the establishment of a new UN agency named United Nations Office on Ecocide Prevention and Prosecution (UNOEPP), which would for example:
    1. act as a watchdog, calling out and investigating claims of ecocide in member states
    2. help prosecute confirmed cases of ecocide by gathering evidence and working with national law enforcement agencies
    3. help modify national school curricula by offering information and statistics to national policymakers
    4. provide information to the general public regarding ecocide and related matters such as climate change by for example hosting seminars and creating presentations about these topics for the public;
  4. Recommends member states to offer corporate tax incentives in an effort to reduce non-renewable fuel usage, these tax incentives could be given to for example corporations making an effort to reduce the usage of non-renewable energy significantly;
  5. Emphasizes the development of a framework of subsidies that promote the rapid shift to clean energy sources by for example:
    1. providing extra aid to corporations with significant potential in developing methods to limit the carbon-dioxide emission by restructuring their fossil to renewable energy sources
    2. providing aid to corporations that quickly adopt these new technologies;
  6. Urges nations of the world to make every effort to reach and extend the goals designated in the Paris Climate Accords, as well as the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);
  7. Strongly urges building a spirit of accountability, by not only punishing the direct perpetrators of ecocide but also the superiors under whose supervision they committed the crime, provided that:
    1.  they knew or disregarded information that crimes were being committed
    2.  the crimes were within their effective responsibility and control
    3.  they failed to take reasonable and necessary measures to prevent the crime or to report it to the authorities for investigation and prosecution;
  8. Trusts that all parties will abide by the terms of this resolution and that action can be taken against the destruction of the planet as well as ecocide and implemented fully;
  9.  Recommends that all Member States encourage companies to apply to the B-Corporation Certificate, which legally requires companies to consider the impact of their decisions on the environment, by granting them monetary incentives such as reducing taxes and providing tax remittance.