RESOLUTION LFC 131

FORUM: LEGAL & FINANCE COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Promoting recognition by the United Nations of the crime of ecocide

SUBMITTED BY: Argentina

CO-SUBMITTERS:Arab League, Mauritania, Hungary, China, Canada, Belgium, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, Indonesia, Malta, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Philippines, India, Pakistan, Sweden, Romania, Bosnia & Herzegovina.

STATUSPassed

LEGAL & FINANCE COMMITTEE,

Defining ecocide as the “extensive damage to, of or loss of ecosystem(s) of a given territory to such an extent that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants of that territory has been severely diminished,” as it was submitted to the UN Law Commission,

Notes that the World Bank has put forward projections for internal climate migration amounting to 143 million people by 2050 in three regions of the world if no climate action is taken,

Recognizing that sustainable development goals which are an urgent call for action by all countries – developed and developing – in a global partnership aiming to tackle climate change and work to preserve our oceans and forests,

Emphasizing that an adequate ecocide law should address oil spills, plastic pollution, deep sea mining, deforestation, industrial livestock farming, textile chemicals, industrial emissions, and radioactive contamination,

Fully aware that ecocide has been put into the Draft of Code of the Roman Statute, but it is not recognized as an individual international crime,

  1. Suggests the establishment of the following organizations:
    1. Collaboration for the Education of Climate Crisis (CECC) under the supervision of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and with the help of Green Climate Fund (GCF) which will organize educational panels on special days by:
      1. working with professionals in education and science to educate students about issues such as the relationship between human rights and climate change
      2. encouraging member states to form and share strategies on environmental education and training
      3. developing plans that aim to tackle socio-ecological, economic, and political aspects of environmental issues and bolster diversity
      4. ensuing that all education on this strategy includes the different sectors
    2. Coalition for Environmental Justice (CEJ) that will work in collaboration with organizations such as but not limited to UNEP, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which will
      1. collect and analyze data about the effects of transnational companies on climate crisis
      2. work with the Statistics Division (SD) to advise companies to become more environmentally friendly
      3. advise consumers to refrain from supporting unfriendly organizations
      4. encourage Member States to raise taxes on non-ecofriendly companies and prohibit their advertisements until their environmental policies are modified to combat misinformation which distorts the public’s view on the climate
      5. assist the UN to establish a “Verified” system similar to the one established for  COVID-19
      6. establish a sub-committee called Committee for Ecocidal Justice (CECJ) under the supervision of the UNEP to analyze ecocide reports published by Collaboration of Promotion of Ecocide, in which member states that have recognized ecocide as a crime will report to the UNEP and exchange the concerns and feedback of local environmental organizations through interviews and annual meetings
      7. share their findings as annual reports on the website of UNEP, which will rank companies in terms of sustainability
      8. support the most environmentally friendly companies via advertisements on its social  media accounts, and work as a justification and analysis mechanism to make sure that crimes that should be punished are punished justly
      9. endorse the organization of assemblies in collaboration with the UNEP which will aim to encourage the                              member states to form their own environmental justice departments by setting an example on how these departments work and sharing ideas on how they can work with the greatest efficiency
    3. Collaboration for Transparency of Climate Crisis Data (CTCD) funded by willing member states and the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in collaboration with programs such as but not limited to the UNEP, the UNIPCC, and the WMO which will:
      1. assemble experts of climate science and politicians of the specific member state who will be elected by the CTCD to combat climate crisis by locally held educational conventions twice a year
      2. summon climate science experts to share experience and expertise to provide more accurate data and encourage local experts to create their own climate crisis data departments to track necessary data regarding the climate crisis
      3. inform the public and take action through financial help and communion of experts with the help of the United Nations Global Initiative to Combat Misinformation
    4. Collaboration of Promotion which will:
      1. work in collaboration with programs such as but not limited to the UNE, the UNIPCC, and the WMO
      2. assemble the nations that have declared ecocide as a crime within their borders in intervals that will be decided upon by the relevant member states in order to share expertise and further plans to combat ecocides such as measuring the effectivity of  legislations through publishment of advancement reports to serve as a model and encourage other                            nations to take action
      3. convene with other willing member states annually to share their improvements and lead the way for other nations that are willing to combat climate crisis through active action
      4. hold conferences for the public in order to educate them about actions that are taken by the government and the progress regarding climate crisis to ensure healthy and trustworthy communication between government and the citizens;
  2. Urges the importance of strong national legislation in order to protect the environment through the prevention of different types of ecocides from occurring in the first place by:
    1. encouraging corporations and businesses to reduce the use of non-renewable fuels by enforcing laws that are:
      1. transparent as authorities should be open and clear to their citizens about the work nations do to combat harm done to the environment and their regulations should express that purpose which is possible through education
      2. known to the public as laws must be taught to the public to be effective through awareness campaign
      3. punishable as authorities must be able to catch those who break the law and bring them to justice, meaning that there should be procedures and strong enforcement to measure the effect and result of the act
      4. stable as constantly changing laws would create confusion in society
      5. applied consistently as laws should be applied unless extraordinary circumstances occur which is only possible through a strong detection system which can be applied by smoothly-functioning environmental departments
      6. able to solve disputes as laws must encourage resolution of disputes, without them, laws would be ineffective and unresolved disputes could be harmful
    2. aiming to resolve current problems regarding environmental crimes by means such as but not limited to:
      1. choices of regulatory tools because when environmental regulation targets only certain types of activity, the effect can be to ignore opportunities to address other significant environmental problems that don’t fit the tool
      2. latency as prolonged actions might result in more environmental problems or negatively affect the severity of the issues
      3. problems of causation in which it is hard to pinpoint a specific cause of the environmental damage
      4. failure to address sustainability as robust legislation should encourage businesses and communities to prevent the damage from occurring, instead of only punishing after the damage  has already been done
      5. failure to acknowledge the relationship between environmental crimes, unemployment, and homelessness
    3. addresses issues such as but not limited to:
      1. illegal emission or discharge of substances into the air, water, or soil
      2. the illegal trade in wildlife
      3. illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances
      4. illegal shipment or dumping of waste
      5. unlawful commercial exploitation of protected species
      6. illegal asbestos removals that expose and create health risks for workers and the public;
  3. Hopes to establish a certificate system to support protection from different types of ecocides that are supervised by the UNEP by encouraging companies to be more mindful which will:
    1. certificate companies according to their efforts to tackle different aspects of climate crisis which will in return provide them support such as financial incentives, tax reductions, advertisements, and transportation facilities
    2. provide certification if companies strive to be environmentally friendly in ways such as but not limited to:
      1. financially supporting climate change research
      2. forming their own environment departments which will help the company become more environmentally friendly and sustainable
      3. measure and analyze their greenhouse gas emissions because in order to act, first the problem should be well defined and addressable
      4. increasing the use of renewable energy
      5. encourage employees to use public transport and to carpool with other colleagues
      6. choose sustainable suppliers such as recycled paper and minimum use of single-use plastics
      7. organize various events to raise awareness about climate crisis such as panels and short education programs;
  4. Wishes the formation of a Committee of Environmental Healing (CENH) which will be working in collaboration with the UNEP, the UNIPCC, and the WMO that will be welcoming representatives and scientists from all willing member states to join which will:
    1. work in order to heal nature after harm caused by various reasons such as but not limited to approved ecocides by Coalition for Environmental Justice and natural disasters
    2. publish reports on how the environmental destruction was healed, how successful it was, and how it can be improved in future instances
    3. work together with national environment departments during the healing process and offer financial support which will:
      1. offer financial aid when deemed necessary by the member state and the need is justified through the provision of necessary data
      2. amount of financial support, its use, and benefits will be reported and shared with the committee members
      3. offer expert help at all times which will be reported and shared with all committee members;
  5. Further Suggests the application of the adaptation strategies and actions into the disaster plans of member states that will be taken against different types of ecocides and other incidents that harm the nature which should include:
    1. preventing losses which can be described as taking action to reduce the exposure to climate impacts
    2. spreading or sharing losses which can be described as a distribution of impacts over a larger region or population beyond those directly affected by the climate event
    3. changing use or activity which can be described as the switch of activity or resource use to one better suited to the changing climate
    4. changing location which can be described as migration to an area which is more suitable under the changing climate
    5. the restoration which can be described as the restoration of assets to their original condition following damage or modification due to climate
    6. transparent communication with the public and getting the data approved by the UN;
  6. Strongly Urges all parties to persist in assisting LEDC’s in an economically fair manner with the transition to environmentally sustainable as soon as possible;
  7. Encourages all member nations to take action in an attempt to stop Ecocide in their nations by focusing on:
    1. Air Pollution by:
      1. Investing and relying on renewable energy sources instead of on the combustion of fossil fuels,
      2. Creating incentives for companies and corporations to limit emissions by Granting subsidies,
      3. Creating incentives for individuals to use vehicles powered by renewable energy sources, public transportation, or bikes by lowering their prices and making them easier to access,
    2. Water Pollution by:
      1. Imposing laws which make it obligatory for companies and corporations to filter and properly dispose of liquid waste,
      2. Improve recycling and waste collection infrastructure/facilities in order to avoid the presence of discarded rubbish in lakes, rivers, etc,
      3. Limit the use of fertilizers to avoid eutrophication, and instead practice rotation of agricultural fields,
    3. Deforestation by:
      1. Having national reserves created by governments, which will serve to protect the environment from deforestation, as well as all surrounding ecosystems,
      2. Fining companies and corporations for acts of malicious deforestation as a means of profit for a company or corporation;
    4. The spoiling of land by:
      1. Creating national parks which will serve to protect the land from being spoiled,
      2. Attempt to use renewable materials instead of non-renewable ones to avoid the use of landfills,
      3. Improve recycling and waste collection infrastructure/facilities to avoid discarded rubbish to spoil land,
    5. Crimes against non-human species by:
      1. Increasing funding towards the World Wildlife Fund(WWF) and other organizations fighting for non-human species and their habitats,
      2. Alter national laws and legislation to create harsher punishments like increases in taxes on animal products, larger fines, and longer prison sentences for people who commit acts of animal cruelty and poaching; 

 

  1. Highly encourages all Member States to sign a new protocol including aerial ecocide crime by;
  1. Noting that every Member State’s aerial territory will be the owner country’s responsibility and every ecocide crime-related activity’s punishments will be targeted through the country and the company;
  1. If the country ignores the crime, the country will be forced to pay fines to all affected Member States and UN,
  2. If the country hasn’t noticed suspicious activities taking place in the region, only the company will be punished,

iii. Investigations will be headed by Interpol and local authorities,

  1. UN assigned inspectors will be supervising regions annually,
  1. All investigation process and investigator’s payments will be held by the member states who are getting investigated,
  1. LEDC’s will be financially supported by the UN if their situation doesn’t allow them to pay the required amount for the investigation process and other payments related to the process.