RESOLUTION LFC 232

FORUM: LEGAL & FINANCE COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to ensure the financing of UN agencies by member states

SUBMITTED BY: Malta

CO-SUBMITTERS:New Zealand, Tunisia, Slovakia, Oman, United Kingdom, Indonesia, European Union, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, Somalia, Lebanon, Belgium, Nigeria.

STATUSPassed

THE LEGAL AND FINANCE COMMITTEE,

 

Deeply concerned by the issues which will be created due to the lack of funding of the UN by the member states, while taking into consideration the economic difficulties faced by nations over the last year,

 

Recalling Article 19 of the UN Charter, a Member State in arrears in the payment of its dues in an amount that equals or exceeds the contributions due for two preceding years can lose its vote in the General Assembly,

 

Expressing its appreciation to member states who not only have paid their assessed contributions continuously, but have also contributed voluntary funds to multiple UN organizations,

 

Reinforcing the necessity of these funds alongside the commitment and consequences of failure to pay and suggests a strengthening of these measures,

 

Inviting member states to look at other ways of financing the different bodies of the UN by extending the voluntary funds to ensure that all states can be given adequate support in future crises,

 

Congratulates the efforts of states to resolve these issues through negotiation and discussion to ensure greater solidarity and conformity with the solutions produced,

  1. Notes the effects of the COVID pandemic on the economy of member states  worldwide however emphasises the long term instability of government debt and therefore encourages member states to return to assigned levels of contributions within the next five years by:
    1. taking into consideration the increases in state debts due to the Covid-19 crisis 
    2. recognizing the effects this may have on the growth of the global economy as a whole especially developing countries which rely on  the stability of Most Economically Developed Countries (MEDC’s);
  2. Calls for the United Nations to enforce stricter punishments and fines for member states with the economic ability who have not paid their due fees such as, but not limited to:
    1. Losing the support of secondary agencies that have not been financed by them and access to vote in the General Assembly if fees are not paid one year after their due date, as well as limiting the ability that member states have in influencing resolutions such as, but not limited to:
      1. Revoking the member states’ ability to lobby with other member states, 
      2. Occlude the member states from being able to be present during voting period,
      3. Countries that have not paid their fees will also have the privilege of submitting amendments in resolutions taken away (excluding resolutions and operatives clauses regarding humanitarian missions or conflicts in relation to a particular nation)
    2. The implementation of a system where a fine is augmented to the outstanding amount if the member state has not paid their assessed contribution after a certain elapsed period of time:
      1. The augmentation of 1% of the due fees to the outstanding amount if the member state has not paid their assessed contribution after one year has elapsed
      2. The augmentation of the percentage of the due fee to the outstanding amount if the member state has not paid their assessed contribution from the previous year + 1 each year until the outstanding amount has been paid;
  3. Further Calls for more economically developed countries to accept allowances given to states which have recently been subject to wars and internal conflict due to the immediate effect on the government level of finance and further recognizing the difficulties in the future for these countries to return to adequate levels of economic growth;
  4. Expresses its hope for a more transparent and rounded funding system to the entirety of the UN, through a wider pooling system to ensure the calculated fees are paid by each nation state to be later divided between individual organisations according to predetermined budget while recognising the importance that funds be tailored and distributed accordingly once fully collected:
    1. these preferences will be based upon the contribution of the nation towards the funding of the UN budget, considering the economic recovery during the pandemic
    2. suggest that MEDCs that contribute a larger proportion of the UN budget actively respond;
  5. Hopes for a new dimension to the financing of the UN through additional voluntary fees from governments, individuals, businesses and foundations  by making them more inclusive to ensure that contributions from non-state actors are transparent, public, and easy to access;
  6. Wishes to emphasise and redefine the importance of suggested organisations but not limited to, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in today’s society, as they have provided vital support over the last decades yet are now being neglected due to lack of funds:
    1. Further suggests that the economic reserves of these organizations can be restored after their depletion following the Covid-19 crisis
    2. Recognises the difficulty but reminds nation states of the importance of liquidity in ensuring more stability in the future as provides emergency funds for economics in major crisis:
      1. reducing unemployment
      2. allowing for wider economic growth
      3. provisions for those in humanitarian crisis such as wars or natural disasters;
  7. Recognises the implications of the detriment to the livelihoods and living conditions of citizens if funding to the UN is depleted due to the vital roles in which the organisations play in protecting the rights and interests of citizens globally:
    1. the need for these in times of crisis as the degree of disturbance can jeopardize what is considered an acceptable living standard
    2. the benefit which these organizations have in the efficiency of the global economy in the long run
  8. Calls upon a more proactive strategy in place that offers Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) the ability to temporarily provide other essential commodities to the agencies instead of their predetermined fee, to increase their rate of development as this will reduce the expenditure of the UN by:
    1. increasing the stability of these nations as trading partners of developed states alongside decreasing the pressures of economic migration
    2. allowing for a focus on other issues:
      1. focusing on the sustainability of industry
      2. the education of children
      3. maintaining human rights globally.