RESOLUTION LFC 233

FORUM: LEGAL & FINANCE COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to ensure the financing of UN agencies by member states

SUBMITTED BY: Lebanon

CO-SUBMITTERS:Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Tajikistan, Russian Federation, Germany, Guatemala, United Arab Emirates, Pakistan.

STATUSApproved

THE LEGAL AND FINANCE COMMITTEE,

 

Alarmed by the Secretary-General of the UN that many of the Member States, specifically 64, did fail to pay their dues in the previous year, leading to an unprecedented financial crisis,

 

Further alarmed by the inability of the United Nations to fulfill every mission they have due to the lack of payment by the Member States,

 

Paying our absolute respect towards the International Monetary Fund and its financial assistance,

 

Deeply concerned that the current financial crisis is gravely aggravated and threatened by the current pandemic, both for the United Nations and its Member States,

 

Noting that the United Nations is essentially a non-profit international organisation, thus it solely relies on contributions from Member States,

 

Recognizing that paying compulsory funds are fundamental to keep up certain agencies, funds and programmes created by the UN for combatting worldwide problems, such as hunger, conflicts, human rights violations, gender inequality and discrimination,

 

Further emphasizing that UN Member States are each required to pay a specific amount that correlates with their financial situation,

 

Emphasizing the crucial role that UN agencies have in helping Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) cope with crises,

 

Reminding that the countries most affected by the refusal of some countries to pay their dues are LEDCs,

 

  1. Requests the creation of a UN sub-body called the Committee Assurance of Compulsory Funds (CACF) to work in close conjunction with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank with the aim of: 
    1. assuring that all Member States pay both their assessed funds and peacekeeping funds to the UN
    2. continuously readapting each country’s funding requirements and tailoring them to their individual economic situations, which may be influenced by, but not limited to:
    3. national debt
      1. GDP
      2. humanitarian crises
      3. internal conflict
    4. penalizing member nations who don’t pay their dues to the UN through ways such as but not limited to:
      1. The prompt reinforcement of Article 19 of the Charter of the United Nations, which states a Member State in arrears in the payment of its dues in an amount that equals or exceeds the contributions due for two preceding years can lose its vote in the General Assembly
      2. higher interest rates when paying back the fees in order to not only discourage countries to miss their payments but also to add to the UN’s savings
    5. providing better stability of financial resources for development cooperation
    6. redesigning of economic and fiscal policies in order to promote structural change for a more sustainable economic growth
    7. creating more benign conditions to implement structural reforms in Member States
    8. advising Member States with their annual budgets for the aim to permit full implementation of the International Organization’s work programme, and all resources, including staffing, within the budgetary ceiling and with full accountability managed by the Secretary-General
    9. raising awareness about the benefits of mediation in general through:
      1. newspaper and internet articles which will give important information about the significance of mediation and its valuable results on many assets
      2. radio interviews which will host experts on the matter
      3. posts and videos from experts in the field of combating the issue via social media, as their extensive use conducted by a number of people of all ages, therefore this particular topic could be a much talked about subject in the sector of mass media
      4. informative leaflets about the importance of promoting the alternative of mediation
      5. every country’s renowned individuals who have an impact on public opinion (such as politicians, university professors etc.) and can influence the government and other non-governmental organizations to try to be more informed regarding the matter
      6. implementation into the educational system, which are dedicated to teach students the importance of a functioning international body;
  2. Recommends the creation of an online database under the International Monetary Fund (IMF)/World Bank for the publication of detailed bi-annual reports, to be made available on an international platform accessible by the public, on the progress being made such as:
    1. showing the Member States who did and did not pay both assessed and peacekeeping funds
    2. if Member States haven’t paid their compulsory funds then the reason should be stated in a formal document
    3. list the Member States who contributed with voluntary funds;
  3. Proposes the integration the Peacekeeping Working Capital Fund in mediating and assuring the peacekeeping operations during international negotiations regarding payments to the UN in cooperation with the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in order to realise collaborative projects, which will take place with the assistance of the United Nations and will focus on the sensitization of governments in relation to the use of mediation as a harmonic procedure of setting their economic differences aside;
  4. Suggests the creation of a consensus concerning the fee for each country which would take into consideration the funds of each country such as:
    1. the annual earnings and expenses as well as the balance between these two
    2. the population of the member-state
    3. each member state’s debt in relation to GDP per year;
  5. Urges economically strong countries to set an example through unobjectionable and immediate payment to the UN.