RESOLUTION PC122

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to develop a broader cooperation among states following the COVID-19 crisis

SUBMITTED BY: Sierra Leone

CO-SUBMITTERS:Lebanon, Jordan, Armenia, Germany, Mauritania, Austria, Nicaragua, Ireland, Azerbaijan, Switzerland.

STATUSPassed

Recognizing the importance of international cooperation during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, in particular for financial issues,

Emphasizing economic cooperation to prevent the spread of the pandemic, and to reduce the impact of the financial crisis, particularly for Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) and individuals most at risk,

Keeping in mind the relief programs enacted by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), particularly in regards to emergency financial aid targeted towards poorer Member States,

Observing the lack of healthcare systems and infrastructure in many developing countries, 

Further observing the apparently low numbers of coronavirus cases in many developing countries,

Believing that this may be due to limited testing ability and insufficient resources to identify and treat patients with COVID-19,

Noting that a strong global cooperation and solidarity is needed to fight the COVID-19 crisis, which has put the majority of the world into lockdown for months, and which is still present to this day with no solution whatsoever to end it, and with few vaccines being tested,

Noting further that improving healthcare systems and introducing crisis management strategies during the pandemic will also improve nations’ ability to deal with other epidemics, diseases, and crises, which is especially important in less developed nations,

  1. Requests that member states work with the  International Monetary Fund to provide financial assistance, based on the needs of individual nations, for healthcare to developing countries, both during and after the pandemic, by:
    1. providing monetary support in order to:
      1. improve access and the quality of medical services
      2. provide training for healthcare workers
      3. improve nations’ ability to respond appropriately to epidemics
      4. ensuring that houses have running water to support hygiene
      5. improving sanitation and medical facilities in refugee camps
      6. providing psychological support those affected
    2. coordinating aid efforts through the WHO to ensure financial assistance is transparent and distributed according to the needs of individual nations
    3. holding an annual meeting hosted by the WHO to review and analyze the allocation of medical resources during health crises;
  2. Calls for Member States to ensure access to both testing and vaccines for COVID-19 and other diseases to all nations, by:
    1. providing assistance to improve developing countries’ ability to perform COVID-19 testing, such as:
      1. donating test kits
      2. increasing the amount of testing centres
      3. training medical personnel in the usage of test kits
      4. processing or funding the processing of tests
      5. develop apps to help with contact tracing
      6. providing assistance to developing countries to support the production and distribution of vaccines by:
        1. being transparent with their research, especially regarding vaccination approval
        2. ensuring developing countries have equal access to the vaccines
      7. working with the WHO to coordinate these efforts
      8. inviting UN officials to specifically examine possible effects of health crises on a nation, with a focus towards prevention;
  3. Suggests collaboration with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as they have established several programs designed specifically to combat the economic effects of the pandemic, such as:
    1. increasing emergency financing through greater access to their facilities:
      1. Rapid Credit Facility
      2. Rapid Financing Instrument
    2. extending grants for debt relief to allow access to emergency funds and suspending repayment of bilateral credit by the poorest nations
    3. providing policy advice in attempts to:
      1. help minimize the economic burdens placed on nations combating COVID-19 outbreaks
      2. allow them to focus on the health and wellbeing of their people rather than the state of the economy;
  4. Further suggests a coalition funded and headed by several nations in order to collectively share and discuss scientific breakthroughs regarding the most effective methods of containing and curing COVID-19,  and for future pandemics, this committee would include the following:
    1. an international collaborative effort to research the coronavirus which would have all members involved take a vow of transparency of all information discovered
    2. a fund created exclusively for the betterment of scientific research concerning the cure and treatment of COVID-19
    3. a monthly report which would be distributed to all nations involved detailing new breakthroughs and better treatments for COVID-19;
  5. Urges Member States to address the wealth disparities exacerbated by necessary lockdowns and closure of non-essential places through creating a system that distributes aid in form of monetary funds to nations taking into consideration the following:
    1. percentage of individuals living within the nation that currently live below the poverty line 
    2. economic repercussions brought upon nations due to lockdowns
    3. nations’ willingness to cooperate and work alongside other nations to effectively address and control the coronavirus
    4. provide the youth with resources to continue their education in times of crisis
    5. support the self employed with salary support;
  6. Further requests states to look into relief for at-risk populations such as underpaid and unemployed populations by encouraging welfare plans such as but not limited to: 
    1. encouraging job creation by global conglomerates, especially in the healthcare sector to promote not only the development and supply of vaccines but other products in the healthcare industry that have seen a rise in demand such as but not limited to: 
      1. masks
      2. sanitizers
      3.  PPE kits
      4. other relevant healthcare equipment
    2. promoting conditional state investment from emergency funds in industries, the condition being that the respective industries increase hiring, especially from at-risk populations such as but not limited to:
      1. unemployed populations
      2. displaced migrant workers
      3. women 
      4. and any other relevant peoples.