RESOLUTION PC 222

FORUM: POLITICAL COMMITTEE

QUESTION OF: Measures to Better Regulate the Use of Personal Data and Artificial Intelligence

SUBMITTED BY: Norway

CO-SUBMITTERS:Amnesty International, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Eritrea, France, Ghana, Greece, Israel, ITALY, India, Kenya, New Zealand.

STATUSApproved

Political Committee,

Recognizing the importance of the development of AI for improving the near future,

 

Confident that if AI is used correctly, that is, if the ethical repercussions are avoided, it will be of great benefit for humanity through achieving the Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 

 

Taking note that AI should, under no circumstances, infringe human rights and values,

 

Deeply disturbed that AI algorithms are capable of ignoring privacy and data confidentiality, freedom of choice, and freedom of conscience,

 

Viewing with apprehension that due to AI’s “black box” nature, it is almost impossible to determine how or why AI makes the decisions they do,

 

Believing that despite the arising ethical considerations and challenges caused by AI, the world can safely advance into this near future if a strategic plan of action is put in motion,

 

Emphasizing how usage of Personal Data and Artificial Intelligence can and does divide communities, disturbing peace and unity,

 

Fully aware of the numerous potential ethical consequences of the lack of supervision on AI development because of its reliance on sensitive personal data,

 

Deeply concerned about rigged elections due to the usage of Personal Data and Artificial Intelligence,

 

Keeping in mind Cambridge Analytica’s role using Personal Data and advanced Artificial Intelligence Algorithms to rig Indian elections,

 

Noting with regret the implications such security breaches have, including the possibility that many other similar scandals have occurred unnoticed,

 

Recalling that all member states cannot be in unison regarding laws and regulations,

 

Having considered the interests of other nations to be fundamental in passing this resolution,

 

Seeking to unite communities and maintain peace,

 

Bearing in mind that there is no country that has specific laws regarding the ethical and responsible use of artificial intelligence (AI),

 

Pointing out the lack of transparency regarding the commercialization of databases and the creation and use of AI,

 

Reminding that the 2018 report from the World Economic Forum estimated that AI will displace or eliminate 75 million jobs by 2022,

 

Referring to the purpose and principles of the right to privacy in the digital age: Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on the 26th of September 2019,

 

Welcoming the constant development of technology,

 

Noting with deep concern that the competition at designing the most capable artificial intelligence is slowly becoming a second nuclear race,

 

Alarmed by the increasing violation of human rights and personal data through artificial intelligence,

  1. Recommends United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to support a multi-stakeholder, multicultural, multidisciplinary, and pluralist consultative process of elaborating the global definition and standard-setting instrument on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to possibly adopt:
    1. forty-first General Conference of UNESCO, held in 2021 to increase synergy between the Security General and other United Nations (UN) organs of the dialogue communicated in the conference stated in the aforementioned clause 
    2. to hold stakeholder consultations by an Ad Hoc Expert Group appointed by the Director-General of UNESCO to retreat useful surface-level information then proceed to dispose of the data to relevant AI companies;
  2. Calls for the Member States to ensure that actors, such as businesses, research centers, and science academies, that develop AI-related technology, use an ethical framework and raise public awareness for AI development through global coordination by measures such as:
    1. requiring organizations using a privacy policy document, to shorten their document to allow users to better understand the organization’s privacy policy document and what this organization will entail
    2. advertising in ways such as:
      1. Non-Governmental Organizations’ (NGOs) social media accounts to help reach the public
      2. creating educational videos featured on video-sharing platforms that educate the public on how to prevent their privacy from being violated:
      3. inviting experts to give speeches in locations accessible to everyone, including school premises
      4. adding the topic to school curriculums to reach people of all ages;
  3. Urges the UN to improve the sub-commission and contribute to the Data Privacy Authority (DPA) which would work together with the UN and individual countries and members states, to create internationally recognized laws and for monitoring usage of personal data and artificial intelligence such as:
    1. courts, data, and more including but not limited to:
      1. deleting Data Points after an amount of time agreed upon
      2. amount of Data Points per Person must be Recorded in the DPA system
      3. user can log in to the DPA system to view and delete his/her Data Points however, as this can be used for crime, these data points go into the Data failsafe for an allocated amount of time before being permanently deleted
      4. monitoring use of artificial intelligence regarding manipulation
      5. only Countries, individual Member states, and individual citizens can see Personal Data (Not Visible to DPA)
      6. requesting legal advice from the International Court of Justice (ICJ), especially for data protection and artificial intelligence user between countries and for multilateral accords
    2. brief submitted to DPA which is monitored and checked by DPA  authorities however DPA  authorities cannot see individual data points;
  4. Encourages all countries and member states to review or modify the Personal Data Protection (PDP) legislation prompted by several regional unions in order to ensure the right of data privacy for every citizen through measures such as but not limited to:
    1. create global and internationally Recognized PDP legislations and DPA’s International or country-specific laws and regulations
      1. ensuring that all member states have a say by forming 3 member-groups sent by all member states including a lawyer, a government official, and a data scientist in order to form a set of regulations and rules for all willing member states to comply with when the creation of an artificial intelligence service occurs
      2. Creating Modified PDP legislation which must be reviewed by the DPA 
    2. establishing an international set of laws regarding the ethical use of AI such as but not limited to:
      1. laws concerning the deployers’ and developer’s transparency with the user on the use of the AI
      2. laws concerning to what extent AI technology should be developed to (solely developing the AI’s mathematical and logical abilities or also developing the AI’s understanding of emotions)
      3. laws concerning the accountability of AI’s mistakes
      4. regulations concerning AI affiliated with warfare
    3. strengthening and implementing ethics within businesses by measures such as but not limited to:
      1. setting up internal ethics committees in the businesses
      2. revising pre-existing codes of professional conduct
      3. foresee ethical codes for research programs;
  5. Requests the restriction of the commercialization of private databases unless it can guarantee the anonymous of the people, which will be decided by the countries’ individual agreements with the DPA;
  6. Further recommends member states to draw attention to the specific minority such as addressing the challenges of migrants, displaced persons, women, and minors by:
    1. noting the dangerous  position of the youth as they will be the future of AI and would garner more exposure to it than any other groups, therefore are key stakeholders of digital issues and artificial intelligence use by:
      1. drafting recommendations and suggestions based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child 
      2. consult NGOs on rights-based approaches pertaining to the minor
    2. promoting equality in all spectrums by encouraging social media companies to oblige and display gender-friendly ads and content across all platforms to fulfill Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Goal 5;
  7. Supports the implementation of a cybersecurity directive, recommending the Member States to adopt a national cyber-security strategy, the directive on security of network and information systems (NIS), which will:
    1. target non-governmental hacking groups to ensure the reduction of potential abuses directed to organizations
    2. define intentions and publicize objectives of governmental hacking groups
    3. strengthen government-affiliated sites in order to stray away from temporary crashes and viruses.